Presentation on theme: "EXERCISE AND SPORT SCIENCES"— Presentation transcript:
1EXERCISE AND SPORT SCIENCES Sporiš Goran, PhD.EXERCISE AND SPORT SCIENCES
2ACADEMIC DISCIPLINEA formal body of knowledge discovered, developed, and disseminated through scholarly research and inquiry
3CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE What is the meaning of each of these?A body of knowledgeA conceptual frameworkScholarly procedures and methods of inquiryBoth the process of discovery and the end resultDescribe the research process.
4THE RESEARCH PROCESSIdentify the topics, themes, concepts, terms, or keywords (broadly, then narrow as appropriate) — may use a search engine like Google to begin but do not use this exclusivelyWhen using web sites, you must differentiate between scholarly, professional organizations, governmental, wikis, plogs, commercial, etc.Format of information — books; professional (peer reviewed) journal articles; popular articles; otherDatabasesSport Discus
5NATURAL, PHYSICAL, AND SOCIAL SCIENCES Numerous disciplines provide the content and methods of scientific inquiry used by researchers in the exercise and sport sciencesAnatomyBiochemistryBiologyChemistryHistoryPhilosophyPhysicsPhysiologyPsychologySociology
6Exercise and Sport Sciences PhysiologyAthleticTrainingMotorDevelopmentMotor Controland MotorLearningSportBiomechanicsSport andPsychologySociologyManagementPhilosophyHistory
7Exercise and Sport Sciences Physiology Sport Management Sport and PsychologySportBiomechanicsMotor Controland MotorLearningMotorDevelopmentSport ManagementSport HistorySport PhilosophyAthleticTrainingSport Sociology
8EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGYThe study of the causes and consequences of bodily functioning and changes occurring due to physical activityBased on an understanding of the anatomic and physiological bases of human movementInvestigates the biochemical reactions that supply muscles with energyExamines changes in the cardiovascular system and other physiological parameters
9ATHLETIC TRAININGThe study and application of the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of sports injuriesDesign and help implement conditioning programsAssess injuries and needs for immediate first aidProvide preventive taping and treatment modalitiesWork with physicians to help athletes regain their abilities to perform
10MOTOR LEARNINGThe study of the internal processes associated with movement or repetitive actions that result in changes in response or performanceImportant to the learning of motor skills areRelationship of movements to prior knowledge and skillsTransfer of learningInvolvement of cognitive processesTypes of practice sessionsFeedbackBuilding on the neuro-muscular pathways learned through motor control, motor learning adds knowledge of results, feedback, and optimal practice methods
11MOTOR DEVELOPMENTThe maturation and changes in motor behavior throughout life and the factors that affect themPerformance of motor skills is influenced by genetic, environmental, and developmental factorsThroughout life, individuals progress from unskilled movements to the learning of complex motor patternsPerceptual-motor skills are especially important to the learning of sport skills
12SPORT BIOMECHANICSThe study of the effects of anatomical and physiological effects of natural laws and internal and external forces acting on the human body during movementFactors that influence human movement includeForce of muscular contractionsFlexion, extension, pronation, and supination of musclesComposition of muscle fibersEquilibrium, center of gravity, and base of supportTransfer of momentumForce absorptionLeverageBiomechanical analyses examine acceleration, energy, mass, power, torque, and velocity
13SPORT HISTORYThe descriptive and analytical examination of significant people, events, organizations, and trends that shaped the pastDescriptive history explainsEventsIndividuals’ contributionsPivotal happeningsAnalytical history explainsThe significance of historical occurrencesInterpretations within the societal context
14SPORT MANAGEMENTThe study of the theoretical and applied aspects of leading, planning, organizing, staffing, funding, and conducting sporting eventsIncludes these management functions: planning, organizing, directing, and evaluatingInvolves business components of marketing, accounting, economics, finance, and law
15SPORT PHILOSOPHYThe study of the beliefs and values of humans as displayed within sport and an analysis of their meaning and significanceExamines the beautiful and ugly and the good and bad in sportSeeks an understanding of how and why people play and engage in sport
16SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY The study of human behavior in sport, including an understanding of the mental processes that interact with motor skill performanceIncludes a study of the theories of learning, importance of reinforcement, and linkages of perceptual and motor factorsInvolves a understanding of achievement motivation, arousal, attribution, and personality development
17SPORT SOCIOLOGYThe study of the sport as a social phenomenon and an examination of the social structures, processes, and groups within the sporting contextSeeking to understand why people play and how their involvement with sports influences themExamines concepts such as social mobility, class and gender stratification, racial and ethnic discrimination, team dynamics, and social consciousness and values
18EXERCISE AND SPORT SCIENCES QUIZ Which of the exercise and sport sciences studies oxygen utilization during cardiorespiratory exercise and metabolic responses to exercise and training?Which of the exercise and sport sciences describes and analyzes the past?Which of the exercise and sport sciences studies how people learn skills, especially through practice and feedback?Which of the exercise and sport sciences studies how sport impacts social units, processes, and institutions?Which of the exercise and sport sciences analyzes the impact of motion, force, and energy on sport performance?
19EXERCISE AND SPORT SCIENCES QUIZ Which of the exercise and sport sciences analyzes the developmental patterns associated with movement and skill performance?Which of the exercise and sport sciences uses extensive knowledge of the body to help athletes stay injury free and return to competition safely?Which of the exercise and sport sciences seeks to understand why people act as they do based on their values?Which of the exercise and sport sciences involves providing sports products and conducting sporting events?Which of the exercise and sport sciences uses various mental coping strategies to aid sports performances?
20TECHNOLOGYIncorporates the use of computer software as a tool to achieve physical education, exercise science, and sport goals — Name several examplesExercise and sport scientists use technology hardware and software to help in the analysis of human movement, to measure the effectiveness of exercise programs on bodily functions, and for data collection and analysis.Databases with the help of search engines provide online access to professional journals and other information.
21HUMANITIESHelp focus on the aesthetic aspects of movement, such as through art, literature, and musicArt includes various forms of dance and sculptures and frescos of athletes and human movement.Literature can include sports biographies as well as analytical critiques about sport and physical activity.Music can accompany human movement to enrich the experience.