Presentation on theme: "Psychological factors on sports training and performance"— Presentation transcript:
1Psychological factors on sports training and performance Assignment: Describe the short and long term effects of psychological factors on sports training and performance.
2Psychological factors Your state of mind will play a big part in how you perform!There are three main factors to consider:what motivates youhow aroused you areyour ability to concentrateYour personality.
3Arousal and AnxietyArousal refers to how excited you feel before a sporting event.For each sport and individual there is an optimum, or ‘best’, arousal level at which your performance will be at its highest.Anxiety is a negative emotional feeling that occurs when arousal levels are too highTwo types: trait or state anxiety
4Arousal and AnxietyToo little arousal, and you will perform below your best.Too much arousal, and your performance will fall apart.For contact sports, where there is an element of pain, a high level of arousal is needed.For sports like snooker, where high levels of concentration and a delicate touch are needed, the best level of arousal is lower.
5Effect on sports Training Importance of sporting contest –how will this decrease a performers arousal level and how can this increase performers arousal levels.Social conditions – when are you arousal and performance levels higher? Friends? Strangers?Relaxation/Stimulus Training – which will increase arousal and which will decrease arousal – effect of each?Understand the signs – How will knowing or not knowing the signs increase or decrease arousal levels?
6PersonalityThe individual, unique characteristics or traits of a person, which determine behaviourType of character, 2 general types:IntrovertExtrovertSome people may be more one than the other or a bit of both – these are stereotypical.A coach may link this to arousal
7IntrovertCharacteristics – shy, prefer to work alone, intrinsically motivated, quiet, calm, don’t like pressure, perform best with low levels of arousalTraining will be focused and relate to intrinsic goals, training through practice and improvement
8ExtrovertCharacteristics – outgoing, confident, competitive, enjoys team sports, loud, excel under pressure need high levels of arousal.Training will be orientated around competition or group training sessions to be most successful.
9ConcentrationConcentration is your ability to ignore external factors that would otherwise distract you from your task.If you lack experience in a sport, it is harder to concentrate. You have not yet learned what is important, and what is not.For example; football = ignoring a large distracting crowds (chants etc).
10Effect on performanceToo much information will hinder performance – this means there is too much information to process and will negatively affect concentration. If an athlete is thinking about too many things they will not focus or prioritise – give an example.
11Effect on TrainingStimulus load – Training should reflect competition and overload them with information so performers can identify how to deal with this and be aware of when it is happening.Develop motor programs – subconscious response so athletes can deal with certain techniques without thinking and so can focus on other elements.
12Motivation Intrinsic Extrinsic Personal pride Financial reward Is what gives the performer the energy to do something.There are lots of reasons why people are motivated to play sport? For example:moneyfamemedalswinning.Motivating factors can be classed as:IntrinsicExtrinsicPersonal prideFinancial rewardThe will to winPublic AcclaimWanting to be the bestA cup or trophy
13Tangible and Intangible Rewards Tangible – Direct benefit or reward to the athlete i.e. you get paid or your performance will improveIntangible – the bigger picture is not a direct reward for you i.e. promotion for your team in football
14Effect on Sports Training SMART TargetsGoal setting is a simple motivational technique that can provide some structure for your training and competition program. Goals give a focus :S - goals must be SpecificM - training targets should be MeasurableA - goals should be AdjustableR - goals must be RealisticT - training targets should be Time based