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Team Building Craig Hall & Bert Carron University of Western Ontario.

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Presentation on theme: "Team Building Craig Hall & Bert Carron University of Western Ontario."— Presentation transcript:

1 Team Building Craig Hall & Bert Carron University of Western Ontario

2 What Are the Main Characteristics of Effective Teams? The team wins!! The team wins!! Its members (athletes, coaches, support staff) enjoy/are satisfied with their sport experience!! Its members (athletes, coaches, support staff) enjoy/are satisfied with their sport experience!!

3 What Group Dynamics Variables Have a Strong Relationship with Team Effectiveness? Team Goal Setting Team Goal Setting Team Cohesion Team Cohesion - Increasing mutual respect - Increasing role clarity and acceptance - Preplanning for adversity - Establishing acceptable standards for behavior

4 Team Goal-Setting Research to Practice Team Goal-Setting Research to Practice

5 Team goals are more effective than individual goals for team success Research-based Principle Implementation Strategy Team goals should be established by or in consultation with all athletes on the team (when possible)

6 Coach support is essential for team-goal setting effectiveness PrinciplePrinciple Implementation Strategy Evaluation, feedback, and re-evaluation are essential for team-goal setting effectiveness

7 Subgroup Discussions In subgroups, discuss how you have or could implement each of these principles Summarize the products of your subgroup discussion to share with the whole group

8 SummarySummary Team goal setting program Team goal setting program Established by team members Established by team members Comprising outcome for season and performance indices for upcoming game(s) Comprising outcome for season and performance indices for upcoming game(s) Involving specific, measurable TEAM indicesInvolving specific, measurable TEAM indices Supported & reinforced by the coach Supported & reinforced by the coach With regular feedback and evaluation With regular feedback and evaluation Team goal setting program Team goal setting program Established by team members Established by team members Comprising outcome for season and performance indices for upcoming game(s) Comprising outcome for season and performance indices for upcoming game(s) Involving specific, measurable TEAM indicesInvolving specific, measurable TEAM indices Supported & reinforced by the coach Supported & reinforced by the coach With regular feedback and evaluation With regular feedback and evaluation

9 Increasing Team Cohesion Research to Practice

10 Team Cohesion A cohesive team is one in which team members are drawn to a common goal and are integrated around the pursuit of that goal and satisfying social interactions and communication

11 Anecdotal Perspectives We must all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately We must all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately Ben Franklin, 1776

12 Carron, Colman, Wheeler, & Stevens (2002) Carron, Colman, Wheeler, & Stevens (2002) Meta analysis of 46 studies Meta analysis of 46 studies 9988 athletes & 1044 teams 9988 athletes & 1044 teams 514 effect sizes (ES) 514 effect sizes (ES) Meta-Analytic Summary

13 Interpretation of Effect Sizes Cohens ( 1969, 1992 ) suggested the following Effect Sizes around.20=Small Effect Sizes around.50=Medium Effect Sizes around.80=Large

14 FactorEffect Size Task Social.20 = small;.50 = medium;.80 = large All Measures Combined.499 Cohesion-Success Relationship

15 Group dynamics experts consider cohesion to be the most important small group variable Group dynamics experts consider cohesion to be the most important small group variable Team Building for Cohesion Cohesion develops naturally as a result of coaching and day-to- day interactions Cohesion develops naturally as a result of coaching and day-to- day interactions Team building protocols are beneficial for enhancing perceptions of team cohesion Team building protocols are beneficial for enhancing perceptions of team cohesion

16 Establishing Mutual Respect 1.On a blank sheet of paper list each group member other than yourself. 2.At the top of the sheet write the phrase I want XXXX in my group because ….. 3.Write a comment or comments about each person in the group.

17 I want XXX in group because … NAMEREASON(S) NAMEREASON(S) Bill Smith Brad Jones Dan Topping George Short etc.

18 4. Forms are collated by facilitator, coach, or trainer. 5. Comments about each person (athlete) are transferred to a single summary form. This is repeated for each athlete. Establishing Mutual Respect (cont.)

19 I want Bill Smith on my team because … Huge heart, spirit and pride One of the strongest guys I know Keeps our team honest Hes an inspiration Example of Feedback

20 Considerations Every athlete has both input and feedback Every athlete has both input and feedback Positive statements only Positive statements only One time implementation One time implementation With more mature teams you could have a 3-part exercise: With more mature teams you could have a 3-part exercise: -Keep doing - Start doing - Stop doing

21 Enhancing Role Clarity and Acceptance Role clarity is the degree to which a player understands what behavior is expected. Role acceptance is the degree to which a player is satisfied with his/her role responsibilities. The roles on a team can be formal (e.g., captain) or informal.

22 Increasing role clarity will increase team cohesion Research-based Principle Implementation Strategy Increasing role acceptance will increase team cohesion

23 Subgroup Discussions In subgroups, discuss how you have or could implement each of these principles Summarize the products of your subgroup discussion to share with the whole group

24 SummarySummary Each team member needs to know his/her role Each team member needs to know his/her role Every team member needs to know every other team members role Every team member needs to know every other team members role Every team member needs to accept his or her role Every team member needs to accept his or her role Each team member needs to know his/her role Each team member needs to know his/her role Every team member needs to know every other team members role Every team member needs to know every other team members role Every team member needs to accept his or her role Every team member needs to accept his or her role

25 Preplanning for Adversity 1.Prior to competition, collectively (i.e., in a group) identify the things that could go wrong 2.Uses as many categories as seems appropriate e.g., travel, competition

26 Possible Screw-Ups Possible Screw-Ups Travel Van breaks down Someone arrives late Competition Equipment troubles Get off to a poor start

27 3. Discuss how screw-ups should be handled Preplanning for Adversity (cont.)

28 Possible Screw-Ups Possible Strategies Possible Screw-Ups Possible Strategies Travel Van breaks down Someone arrives late Competition Equipment troubles Get off to a poor start Travel Rent another van Start early Competition Borrow form another team Dont panic

29 1.Protocol serves to nip it in the bud 2.Emphasis throughout should be we can handle this, no surprise is overly negative Considerations

30 Establishing Acceptable Standards for Behavior Norms are the standards of behavior that are expected of group members. Conformity to group norms is positively related to team cohesion.

31 Members of our team are …….. Characteristics:PunctualSupportive Hard working Behaviors: -Arrive on time at practices -No bitching at teammates - Give 100% in practice Members of our team do …….

32 Team norms should exist for competitions, practices, the off-season, and for social situations Research-based Principle Implementation Strategy Unacceptable behavior requires appropriate sanctioning

33 Subgroup Discussions In subgroups, discuss how you have or could implement each of these principles Summarize the products of your subgroup discussion to share with the whole group

34 SummarySummary Norms develop around matters of importance to the team. Norms develop around matters of importance to the team. The strongest team norms are associated with work output; teams put pressure on their players to work hard.The strongest team norms are associated with work output; teams put pressure on their players to work hard. Acceptable behavior is approved or rewarded while unacceptable behavior is sanctioned.Acceptable behavior is approved or rewarded while unacceptable behavior is sanctioned. Norms develop around matters of importance to the team. Norms develop around matters of importance to the team. The strongest team norms are associated with work output; teams put pressure on their players to work hard.The strongest team norms are associated with work output; teams put pressure on their players to work hard. Acceptable behavior is approved or rewarded while unacceptable behavior is sanctioned.Acceptable behavior is approved or rewarded while unacceptable behavior is sanctioned.

35 A Concluding Observation We need to work on team building to make teams more effective. Im glad to hear youre finally fitting in!!


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