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Librarian cornered by images or How to index visual resources Wanda Klenczon, Paweł Rygiel The National Library of Poland IFLA Satellite Post-Conference.

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Presentation on theme: "Librarian cornered by images or How to index visual resources Wanda Klenczon, Paweł Rygiel The National Library of Poland IFLA Satellite Post-Conference."— Presentation transcript:

1 Librarian cornered by images or How to index visual resources Wanda Klenczon, Paweł Rygiel The National Library of Poland IFLA Satellite Post-Conference Beyond libraries – subject metadata in the digital environment and semantic web August 2012, Tallinn

2 Images, that have interfered in the human life and human civilizations, still evade all attempts at being classified or standardized. If they constitute a language, it is deprived of the established vocabulary and syntax; if they build a system, it is an extremely mutable system, where nothing is identically repeated. Mieczysław Porębski, Ikonosfera, Warszawa 1972, s. 9.


4 Descriptive metadata object name, creator, dating, culture, epoch or art movement, formal aspects of the object – medium, technique, material… category or type of document etc. but only subject description really involves transforming visual code into written code.

5 What does it mean subject of an image?

6 Pre- iconographic woman, animal, jewelry Iconographic Cecilia Gallerani, ermine, necklace Iconological beauty, purity, aristocracy

7 Source: L. H. Armitage, P. G. B. Enser: Analysis of user need in image archives. Journal of Information Science, 1997, 23(4), pp. 287–299. Panofsky/Shatford matrix Pre-iconography (Generics) Iconography (Specifics) Iconology (Abstracts) Who?kind of person or thing (G1) individually named person, group, thing (S1) mythical or fictitious being (A1) What?kind of event, action, condition (G2) individually named event, action (S2) emotion or abstraction (A2) Where?kind of place: geographical, architectural (G3) individually named geographical location (S3) place symbolized (A3) When?cyclical time: season, time of day (G4) linear time: date or period (S4) emotion, abstraction symbolized by time (A4)

8 Isness, ofness, aboutness Isness = what the resource IS often is close to genre/form terms (may be physical or intrinsic, e. g. drawing, albumen print, poster, etc.) Ofness = the elements that a picture consists OF Aboutness = what is conveyed in a document, what it is ABOUT depends on the interpretation of the set themes, motifs, actions and events in a work

9 Source: Wikimedia Commons Picture by de:Benutzer:Fb78. License: {{cc-by-sa-2.0-de}}de:Benutzer:Fb78 IS sculpture OF Man, boys, snakes, Laookon ABOUT Gods revenge, punishment of sacrilege, combat, pain, agony


11 Source: Seeing Standards: Visualization of the Metadata Universe

12 Source:

13 Metadata standards and cataloging rules (examples) Cataloging Cultural Objects (CCO) Categories for the Description of Works of Art (CDWA) CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (CIDOC CRM) International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD) Dublin Core (DC) MARC Standards ….

14 Indexing tools (examples) Getty Vocabulaires: – Union List of Artist Names (ULAN) – Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) – Cultural Objects Name Authority (CONA) – Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) Thesaurus for Graphic Materials (TGM) Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) Répertoire d'autorité-matière encyclopédique et alphabétique unifié (RAMEAU) Iconclass …. NAMES SUBJECT


16 |a Harris, Beebe & Co.: The Pocahontas Chewing Tobacco |h [graphic]/ |c The Hatch Lith. Co. N.Y _ |a Tobacco package label depicting Pocahontas posed in nature |a Pocahontas, |d d _4 |a Indians of North America |x Performances & portrayals |y _7 |a Tobacco package labels |y |2 gmgpc 655 _7 |a Chromolithographs |x Color |y |2 gmgpc LCSH TGM Not specified

17 24510 |a Battle of New Orleans and death of Major General Packenham [sic] on the 8th of January 1815 |h [graphic] / |c West del. ; J. Yeager sc. 5200_ |a Print shows the Battle of New Orleans from the British perspective, as British forces advance upon the earthworks or barricades from which the American forces, under the command of Andrew Jackson, repel the attack. Includes a head-and-shoulders portrait of Andrew Jackson, facing slightly left, with American flags and various weapons, appears below the battle scene. Prominent figures are identified by letter within the print and a corresponding key that is printed below the image, to the left and right of the title. In this print, Major General Lambert is depicted without the cloth or handkerchief that obscures his face |a Jackson, Andrew, |d |x Military service |a Pakenham, Edward Michael, |d |x Death & burial |z Louisiana |z New Orleans. 650_0 |a New Orleans, Battle of, New Orleans, La., _7 |a Campaigns & battles |z Louisiana |z New Orleans |y |2 lctgm 651_4 |a United States |x History |y War of 1812 |x Casualties |x British. 651_4 |a United States |x History |y War of 1812 |x Campaigns & battles. 655_7 |a Keys (Legends) |y |2 gmgpc 655_7 |a Remarques |y |2 gmgpc 655_7 |a Engravings |y |2 gmgpc TGM Not specified LCSH

18 24510 |a [Exterior view of fish market with several people, shoppers and merchant(?), holding fish, also a porter with large bundle on his back, and a woman playing a shamisen] |h [graphic]. 650_7 |a Shopping |z Japan |y |2 lctgm 650_7 |a Fishmongers |z Japan |y |2 lctgm 650_7 |a Stores & shops |z Japan |y |2 lctgm 650_7 |a Merchandise displays |z Japan |y |2 lctgm 650_7 |a Porters |z Japan |y |2 lctgm 650_7 |a Street musicians |z Japan |y |2 lctgm 650_7 |a City & town life |z Japan |y |2 lctgm 655_7 |a Book illustrations |y |2 gmgpc 655_7 |a Albumen prints |x Hand-colored |y |2 gmgpc TGM

19 24510 |a Wild animal display in Wall Drug, Wall, South Dakota |h [graphic]. 653__ |a Dead animals. |a Mounted animal. |a Wall Drug. |a Hunting. |a Hunter. |a Kill. |a America. 655_7 |a Digital photographs |x Color |y |2 gmgpc TGM uncontrolled

20 TGM 1001_ |a Roberti, Ercole de', |d d. 1496, |e artist, |e attributed name |a [Sketches for Christ taken prisoner; Judas kiss] |h [graphic]. 655_7 |a Ink drawings |x Italian |y |2 gmgpc

21 Images digitization in Poland

22 Images cataloging in Poland MARC21 Bibliographic – adaption for still images (libraries) ISBD (libraries) Dublin Core (most of cultural heritage institutions) CCO indexing tools and practices vary from institution to another


24 Basket of Fruit (c.1599) Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana Italian painting Oil on canvas Still life Fruits Wicker basket apple peach figs grapes insect-predated fruits Archips argyospita etc., etc…

25 Eating and drinking spaces

26 IS,OF, ABOUT to MARC 21 mapping (proposal) IS 245 title 655 genre/form term OF 245 title 520 note 653 additional subject access point ABOUT 245 title 520 note subject term

27 Image description – NL of Poland subject terms (controlled vocabulary) overall scope of the document 655 genre/form terms (controlled vocabulary) type of document, technique, object genre 653 additional subject access points (both controlled and uncontrolled terms) secondary, subordinated or less important content elements 520 note/summary (free-text) meaning, purpose or function

28 Odwieziony we śnie na Itakę / Stanisław Hiszpański 520 Odysseus, fast asleep in a hidden harbor on Ithaka. Athena is keeping vigil over him. In background the sea and an ship, probably Phaeacian. 600 Odysseus 653 Homerus. Odusseia; Athena; Ithaka; sea; ship; harbor; man asleep; Greek mythology; Greek goddesse; gorgoneion 655 Illustration 655 Watercolour 655 Coloured drawing

29 Haquet et traîneau de brasseur / Jean Victor Adam 520 This print is probably a part of a larger series entitled 'Voitures'. At center of composition, a brewer's dray and sledge loaded with barrels; at right, in front of a café with an awning, a man on horseback and a man holding a barrel; beyond at left, buildings and a small crowd of soldiers; 653 road; horses; coffeehouse; barrel; delivery; awning; carriage 655 Genre scene 655 Lithograph 655 Print

30 [Bukiet kwiatów] / Helena Drzewiecka 650 Flowers 653 pansy; iris; lily; ancolie; rose; bouquet 655 Gouache 655 Painting

31 … doomed failure? What we really expect in a work of art is a certain personal element – we expect artist to have, if not a distinguished mind, at least a distinguished sensibility. We expect him to reveal something to us that is original – a unique and private vision of the world. Herbert Read, Meaning of Art, London 1968, p. 27

32 Thank you for your attention! Wanda Klenczon Paweł Rygiel

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