F IGURATIVE L ANGUAGE R EVIEW Sarah Jung 6 th Grade Language Arts
L EARNER O BJECTIVES : You will review figurative language techniques You will be able to distinguish what type of figures speech are being used You will be able to identify and label figurative language techniques within poetry You will be able to create your own examples of figurative language
T ABLE OF CONTENTS Directions to Student Simile Metaphor Onomatopoeia Personification Alliteration Hyperbole Idioms Identify Examples Identify and label examples within poem Firework Generate your own examples You can return to this slide at anytime, by clicking on the bookworm!
D IRECTIONS : Read through each slide carefully to review the figurative language techniques we have discussed in class. On your paper, you will need to identify the examples of figurative language (Slide 11 and 12) On your paper, you will need to identify and label figurative language techniques used within a poem or song. On your paper, you will need to generate your own examples. *Choose slide 15 or 16 (or do both for extra credit)
S IMILE -C OMPARISON OF TWO UNLIKE THINGS USING LIKE OR AS o The stars in the dark sky were shining bright like diamonds. (The stars are being compared to diamonds, because they are both shiny.) o The runner was as fast as a jet during the race. (The runner is being compared to a jet because she is so fast.)
M ETAPHOR -C OMPARISON OF TWO UNLIKE THINGS SAYING ONE THING IS OR BECOMES THE OTHER o In the morning, my dad is a bear waking from his winter nap. (Dad is a bear, because he is grouchy.) o The classroom was a circus while the teacher was in the hallway. (The classroom was a circus, because the students were acting loud and crazy.)
O NOMATOPOEIA - THE USE OF WORDS THAT SOUND LIKE THE WORDS THEY DESCRIBE We could hear the bacon sizzle in the skillet. Snap! Crackle! Pop! Boom! We heard a loud crash of thunder.
P ERSONIFICATION -G IVING HUMAN LIKE CHARACTERISTICS TO A NONHUMAN OBJECT The leaves were dancing in the wind. (leaves were dancing) The baseball screamed into the outfield. (baseball screamed)
A LLITERATION - THE REPETITION OF A CONSONANT SOUND AT THE BEGINNING OF SEVERAL WORDS IN A LINE Silly Sally slid on the slippery slide. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. Zippy zebras zigzagged through the zoo.
H YPERBOLE -E XAGGERATION USED TO MAKE A POINT OR FOR DRAMATIC EFFECT I am so hungry I could eat a million hamburgers. I could sleep forever, I am so tired. My book bag weighs a ton. I had to drag it all the way home.
I DIOMS -F IGURATIVE SPEECH THAT BECOMES COMMON SAYINGS Logan marches to his own drummer. My grandma is as old as dirt. Mrs. Jung snapped my head off when I didnt have my homework.
O N YOUR PAPER, IDENTIFY WHAT FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE TECHNIQUE IS BEING USED. Y OU MAY LOOK BACK THROUGH THE SLIDES AS NEEDED. G OOD L UCK ! 1. A good book is food for the imagination. 2. The tree branched tapped on the window, asking to be let in. 3. I wished and wished and wished and wished for the winter winds to wind down. 4. Mrs. Jung melted like butter when Jon Bon Jovi came into her classroom.
5. Life is like a box of chocolates. 6. The teacher told Parker to zip his lips. 7. The pans clinked and clanked together. 8. When pigs fly! my grandmother says.
O N YOUR PAPER, IDENTIFY AND LABEL ALL THE FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE TECHNIQUES IN THE POEM BELOW. CAMPING Crack! The fire crackles under the stars. Sizzle! Sizzle! The water sizzles above the fire. Crunch! Crunch! The campers crunching on potato chips. Click! Clack! Click! Clack! The tent poles clicking and clacking together. Rustle! Rustle! As we prepare our sleeping bags to go to sleep. Chirp! Chirp! The crickets say, good-night Author Unknown
F IREWORK, K ATY P ERRY As you watch the video for Katy Perrys song Firework identify the figurative language techniques used in the song Identify 2 similes, 2 metaphors, and 2 hyperboles on the back of your paper. Click on link below. FIREWORK
N OW, IT IS YOUR TURN TO GENERATE YOUR OWN EXAMPLE FOR EACH TECHNIQUE LISTED BELOW ON THE BACK OF YOUR PAPER. Simile Metaphor Onomatopoeia Personification Alliteration Hyperbole Idiom *Look back if you need to!
R ESOURCES Dicovery Education. (2013). Retrieved from http://school.discoveryeducation.com/clipart/categ ory/anim0006.html http://school.discoveryeducation.com/clipart/categ ory/anim0006.html Perry, K. (2012, October ). Katie Perry Firework Lyrics [Video file]. Retrieved from You Tube website: http://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=lJ8oDE1dSmAhttp://www.youtube.co