Who is Gregor Mendel? German monk who studied pea plants and is considered to be the father of genetics.
Who is Rosalind Franklin? Used an x-ray technique to discover that DNA is two chains of molecules in a spiral form.
Who is Reginald Punnett? Used a mathematical chart to show probable outcomes.
Who is Walter Sutton? Studied Grasshopper sex cells and discovered that these cells had half the number of chromosomes as body cells.
A genetic cross that shows the inheritance of a single characteristic. Monohybrid Cross
What is a Recessive Trait? What type of trait can be hidden and are represented by lower case letters? What type of trait can be hidden and are represented by lower case letters?
What is Co-dominance? An example of this is the alleles for black and white feather color in Erminette chickens and blood type in An example of this is the alleles for black and white feather color in Erminette chickens and blood type in humans.
What is incomplete dominance? An example of this is Pink flowers (4 Oclocks) are a result of a blending of red and white.
What are genes? These are factors that control traits
What are alleles? These are different forms of a gene.
What is pairs? Usually genes for a particular trait occur in this number.
What is a punnett square? This shows all the possible combinations of alleles that can result from a genetic cross.
What is a karyotype? The photograph of a cell right before cell division where chromosomal pairs are displayed?
What is heterozygous? This is another term for hybrid.
What is a haploid cell? A cell that has half the number of chromosomes.
What is meiosis? This is the process that produces sex cells.