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1400 – 1405 Opening CommentsLt Gen Peck 1405 – 1415Presenting the SAASS data (template)AU/CF 1415 – 1445SAASS SAASS 1445 – 1500Discussion re: SAASS, PhD,

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Presentation on theme: "1400 – 1405 Opening CommentsLt Gen Peck 1405 – 1415Presenting the SAASS data (template)AU/CF 1415 – 1445SAASS SAASS 1445 – 1500Discussion re: SAASS, PhD,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 1400 – 1405 Opening CommentsLt Gen Peck 1405 – 1415Presenting the SAASS data (template)AU/CF 1415 – 1445SAASS SAASS 1445 – 1500Discussion re: SAASS, PhD, Level V All 1500 – 1510 Break Leadership Across the University – Topic EPRB 1510 – 1520Presenting the Leadership Data & Discuss:AU/CF 1520 – Leadership Definitions & Guidance All 1535 – Learning Objectives, Measures, Results All 1550 – Faculty Qualifications for Leadership All 1600 – Observations and Next Steps All 1615 – 1630Open Discussion & VectorLt Gen Peck

3 Leadership is the art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it. Dwight D. Eisenhower Leadership is the art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it. Dwight D. Eisenhower Leadership is a potent combination of strategy and character. But if you must be without one, be without the strategy. Norman Schwarzkopf Leadership is a potent combination of strategy and character. But if you must be without one, be without the strategy. Norman Schwarzkopf Divorced from ethics, leadership is reduced to management and politics to mere technique. James MacGregor Burns Divorced from ethics, leadership is reduced to management and politics to mere technique. James MacGregor Burns Before you are a leader, success is all about growing yourself. When you become a leader, success is all about growing others. Jack Welch Before you are a leader, success is all about growing yourself. When you become a leader, success is all about growing others. Jack Welch

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5 AEF L e a d e r s h i p Education Training Experiences (assignments, mentoring, self-directed learning)

6 – Does the Leadership Center of the AF need a common definition of Leadership? If so, what would an AU Definition for Leadership look like? – Do we have too much guidance… or not enough? – How much Leadership should each AU program be involved in Leadership Education? – What is the right level/depth for each program? – How is AU delivering on being the Leadership Center of the AF? – What should be the threshold to graduate meeting AU leadership standards? – How do we know our graduates are better leaders as a result of AU programs? – What should faculty standards, mixes, ratios, skill sets, etc look like?

7 Leadership: What is It?

8 A study of developing and inspiring the human dimension from individual to organizational levels … … an understanding and appreciation of the professional, organizational, and interpersonal dimensions of influencing and directing people and other resources to accomplish the mission.

9 … officers receive training and education in a joint context, gain experience, pursue self development, and, over the breadth of their careers, become the senior leaders of the joint force. … officers receive training and education in a joint context, gain experience, pursue self development, and, over the breadth of their careers, become the senior leaders of the joint force. … nothing ensures that they are properly prepared leaders more than the care given to the content of their training, education, experience, and self- development opportunities. … nothing ensures that they are properly prepared leaders more than the care given to the content of their training, education, experience, and self- development opportunities. … properly prepared for their leadership roles at every level of activity and employment, and through this, ensure that the U.S. Armed forces remain capable of defeating todays threat and tomorrows. … properly prepared for their leadership roles at every level of activity and employment, and through this, ensure that the U.S. Armed forces remain capable of defeating todays threat and tomorrows.

10 The EPMEP provides guidance regarding JLAs / JLOs that should be included in EPME curriculums to prepare future senior enlisted leaders (SELs) for success in the joint environment…. The EPMEP provides guidance regarding JLAs / JLOs that should be included in EPME curriculums to prepare future senior enlisted leaders (SELs) for success in the joint environment…. The role of EPME is to enhance the leadership and warfighting capability of enlisted personnel…. The role of EPME is to enhance the leadership and warfighting capability of enlisted personnel…. – Primary education focuses on preparing junior and midgrade enlisted personnel to assume a leadership role in their assigned [AFSC] – Intermediate education continues the development of leaders with a focus on the tactical level of war and mid-sized unit operations and may introduce aspects of the operational level of war – Senior education focuses on the operational level of warfighting, introducing interagency and multinational operations, and addresses leadership at the unit and organizational levels

11 Leading People: – Develops and Inspires Others Helps and Motivates Others Helps and Motivates Others Empowers Others and Guides Them Empowers Others and Guides Them Inspires Others Inspires Others – Takes Care of People People First People First Creates an Environment where Airmen take care of Airmen Creates an Environment where Airmen take care of Airmen Establishes Work-Life Balance Establishes Work-Life Balance – Diversity Leverages the Value of Differences Leverages the Value of Differences Leverages Diversity of Mission Accomplishment Leverages Diversity of Mission Accomplishment Shows Respect for Others Shows Respect for Others

12 Leadership is the art and science of influencing and directing people to accomplish the assigned mission. Observation 1: Guidance provides multiple definitions of Leadership for us. Observation 1: Guidance provides multiple definitions of Leadership for us. How do we know what to teach about leadership?

13 CourseAU CESGAF ICL AF DD 1-1 AFPD EPMEP/ OPMEP AFI AFI AFI Other ASBC XXX SOS XXX ACSC XXXXXX AWC XXX ALS XXXXXX NCOA XXXXXX AFSNCOA XXXXXX Eaker X LeMay XXXX Holm XXXXX SAASS X AFIT X Observation 2: There are multiple sources of guidance

14 Leadership Leadership Supervision skills Supervision skills Mentoring Mentoring Evaluation systems Evaluation systems Functions of Mgmt Functions of Mgmt Diversity/Equal Opportunity Diversity/Equal Opportunity Group Dynamics Group Dynamics Dynamic Followership Dynamic Followership Building Teams/Coalitions Building Teams/Coalitions Change Management Change Management Problem Solving Problem Solving Safety/ORM Safety/ORM Time Management Time Management Personal & Professional Development Personal & Professional Development Roles/Responsibilities Roles/Responsibilities Continuous Process Improvement Continuous Process Improvement How are we incorporating guidance?

15 ProgramCoverage Area ASBCLeadership Studies SOSLeadership Studies SOS DL (Course 20)Leadership Studies ACSC Leadership and Warfare; Air, Space, and Cyberspace Power Studies; The Practice of Command; Joint Forces; Joint Campaign Planning; Joint Air and Space Operations ACSC (DL)OLMP Leadership: Organizational Leadership; Team-Building Leadership; Expeditionary Leadership Nonmasters DL: Challenges of Leadership and Command AWCJoint Strategic Leadership; Foundations of Strategy; Regional and Cultural Studies; Wargame; Electives ALSThroughout NCOAThroughout AFSNCOAThroughout HolmOTS - Situational Leadership, Leadership Reaction Course, AF Leadership, Intro to Leadership, Joint Ethics, Officer Trainee Leadership Skills Observation 3: Several programs did not see themselves as being involved in leadership education

16 ProgramCoverage Area Eaker Throughout via Fostering Leadership in Functional Areas and the Role of Leaders in Shaping the Functional Culture. LeMaySenior Leader Discussion Series AFIT Management and Behavior in Organizations; Organizational Policy and Strategic Management; Research Methods; Strategic Leadership SAASS Foundations of Military Theory; Foundations of Strategy; Strategy and Campaign Planning; History of Airpower; Others How are we doing?

17 Direct Measures Direct Measures – Observation – Tests – Performance evaluation – Exercises/Wargames – Capstone – Portfolio Indirect Measures Indirect Measures – Surveys – Interviews – Focus Groups

18 Program/ Course Expected Outcomes Assessment MetricsTargetResult ASBC Leadership Studies Apply introspections techniques and leadership skills to overcome challenges and achieve success as leaders in both formal and information team settings Employ introspection techniques and personal leadership-development concepts to enhance leadership capabilities Apply leadership theory and skills to achieve success in both formal and informal team settings 5 Project X Tasks Icarus (Game based on and emphasizing airpower doctrine) Vigilant Warrior Exercise Demonstrate leadership skills to accomplish assigned tasks/mission Demonstrate the enduring leadership competencies as outlined in AFDD 1-1 Evaluate and improve personal and team performance to accomplish assigned mission Demonstrate the Air Force concepts of leadership, basic leadership traits and principles, and the importance of effective teamwork 100% - All students achieve these targets through this element of the course Students who initially fail to achieve expected outcomes receive additional support and instruction to ensure that they achieve the desired standards 3.1 Leadership

19 Program/ Course Expected Outcomes Assessment MetricsTargetResult SOS Leadership Studies Evaluate personal and team leadership skills to enhance leadership effectiveness Employ leadership- development and decision- making skills at individual and team levels Employ full-range leadership principles in order to accomplish assigned missions Assess personal and professional leadership styles 3 Team-Leadership Problems 14 Project-X Tasks Cultural Leadership Exercise Warrior Challenge Argumentation and Critical Thinking Exercise Demonstrate AFDD 1-1 Leadership and Force Development principles to develop and execute a comprehensive plan for building and leading an effective team Demonstrate personal, team and organizational leadership theory, doctrine, and skills under varying levels of mental and physical stress Express ideas and instructions logically and in a manner that informs, persuades, motivates and inspires 100% - All students achieve these targets through this element of the course Students who initially fail to achieve expected outcomes receive additional support and instruction to ensure that they achieve the desired standards 3.1 Leadership

20 Program/ Course Expected Outcomes Assessment MetricsTargetResult SOS Distance Learning Course 20 Leadership Studies Comprehend leadership theory and qualities of effective leadership. Comprehend the ethical requirements of leadership and the foundational nature of the of Air Forces Core Values in the Services professional ethic. Proctored multiple-choice question test (minimum passing score: 65%) completed within 18- months of enrollment. Describe ethical influences on leadership development Identify differences between ethics and values as well as the differences between personal and professional ethics Understand the descriptive power of leadership models and how they can support the development of leadership skills Examine the leadership process and explain how leaders can employ specific types of situational and follower characteristics to increase leadership effectiveness 85% initial testing pass rate 3.1 Leadership

21 Program/ Course Expected Outcomes Assessment MetricsTargetResult ACSC Leadership and Warfare Program Outcome 1. Lead joint forces to accomplish unit objectives at the operational level, as commander or staff member Essay exams (OLMP) Threaded Discussion Questions (OLMP) 3 Essays - Analyze the factors that empower and constrain military leaders. - Analyze leadership and command across the range of military operations. - Analyze military leadership within an environment of change. [Grade of B or Higher] 99% (OLMP) 95.5% B or Higher AWC Joint Strategic Leadership Program Outcome 1. Develop graduates who are ready to lead in a joint strategic environment who thoroughly comprehend the profession of arms, with particular emphasis on Air Force competencies of air, space, and cyberspace Negotiation Exercise (P/F) Critical Book Analysis (Commanders Reading Program) Strategic Leader Evaluation Paper JSL Personal Development Plan (DL) JSL Cultural Simulation (DL) - Demonstrate Senior Leader Negotiation Skills - Critically analyze book for senior mentoring program - Evaluate role of Airmen as leaders in a variety of joint, combined historical, contemporary contexts - PDP encourages reflection & critical thinking about personal & professional future. - SIM evaluates basic principles of effective communication & operating in an intercultural environment 100% met target 99% met or exceeded target 3.1 Leadership

22 Program/ Course Expected Outcomes Assessment MetricsTargetResult USAF First Sergeant Academy The FSA graduate will possess skills to advise and assist commanders with all matters affecting health, morale, discipline and welfare Objective Test Instructor Observation / Performance Evaluation Survey Achieve 70% on Objective Test Pass/Fail with 100% Pass rate 80% Strongly Agree/Agree to Survey Items 83.66%. Mean performance eval score 100% 99% Strongly Agree or Agree to Survey Items USAF First Sergeant Academy The FSA graduate will possess skills advise commanders on issues concerning legal issues (UCMJ, NJP, Federal and State) Objective Test Instructor Observation / Performance Evaluation Survey Achieve 70% on Objective Test Pass/Fail with 100% Pass rate 80% Strongly Agree/Agree to Survey Items 83.66%. Mean performance eval score 100% 99% Strongly Agree or Agree to Survey Items ALS Program Outcome 1: Supervisor of Airmen-lead individuals and work teams. Level 2. Student Learning Level 3. Transfer of Learning 30% mean increase in scores from the pretest to the posttest 80% of respondents will Strongly Agree or Agree with each statement in the survey. Mean pretest score: 49.52%. Mean posttest score: % Result: gain of 29.65% Student = 92% Supervisor = 96% NCOA Program Outcome 3: Communication - communicate rank appropriate tasks Level 2. Student Learning Level 3. Transfer of Learning 70% academic standard 80% of respondents will Strongly Agree or Agree with each statement provided in the survey. Mean Scores: 85,91,82, 89,79, 87, 85,91, 85, 89 Student = 86% Supervisor = 92% 3.1 Leadership

23 Program/ Course Expected Outcomes Assessment MetricsTargetResult AFSNCOA Program Outcome 1: Operational Management - lead the enlisted force. Level 2. Student Learning Level 3. Transfer of Learning 30% mean increase in scores from the pretest to the posttest 80% of respondents will Strongly Agree or Agree with each statement provided in the survey Mean pretest: 61.54% Mean posttest: 86.20% Result: gain of Student = 87% Supervisor = 95% OTS 1. Situational Leadership 2. Leadership Reaction Course Comprehend situational leadership and its impact on subordinate development 1. Comprehensive, multiple choice test 2. Individual Student Leadership Competency Evaluation.(LCE) 1.80% mastery level on consolidated written test score on 0-73 scale (satisfactory rating or higher) on Leadership Competency Evaluation 1. 4 behavior samples measured: Mastery: 80% 2. AY Average OT score OTS Intro to Leadership AF Leadership Comprehend the basic concepts of leadership and their impact on mission accomplishment 1. Comprehensive, multiple choice test 2. Leadership Skills Portion of Individual Student Officer Trainee Performance Report (OTPR) 1. 80% mastery level on consolidated written test score (Satisfactory or higher) rating on Leadership Skills portion of OTPR 1. 1 behavior sample measured: Mastery: 98% 2. AY Average OT score Leadership

24 Program/ Course Expected Outcomes Assessment Metrics TargetResult LeMay Senior Leader Discussion Series SLDS Outcome 1: Graduates (1- and 2-star flag officers) are able to form, lead, and dissolve Combined Joint Task Forces when selected for CJTF Command JFOWC Outcome: Prepare graduates (1- and 2-star flag officers) for theater-level leadership responsibilities No formal assessment Attendee assessment comes later in CJTF operations N/A AFIT Management and Behavior in Organizations Students will 1. Describe the functions of the manager 2. Understand how org size, tech, structure, strategy & environment interact to influence organizations 3. Recognize major influences on work behavior & how these influences are related to job performance & satisfaction 4. Understand the complexities involved in the measurement of organizational effectiveness & performance 5. Communicate your understanding of management & organizational behavior. Comprehensive, multiple choice and fill in the blank test on course principles and concepts. Group research project presented demonstrating application of concepts. 80% or better cumulative score in the class All course iterations have scored above 80% average for the class. 3.1 Leadership

25 Program/ Course Expected Outcomes Assessment MetricsTargetResult Eaker The Student will be able to articulate: 1.Leadership from a Senior Perspective 2.Functional Leadership; 3.Leadership Qualities; 4.Leadership Myths and Truths; 5.Leadership Pitfalls; 6.Why Leaders Fail NA 90% of students evaluated state the quality of instruction, effectiveness, overall value and management was SAASS 1.Enhance the student's ability to think critically about warfare 2.Enhance the students ability to argue effectively and responsibly using evidence and logic Course papers Oral Comprehensive Exams Graduate-level Thesis NA 72% of Graduates command at the squadron level or above 26% have commanded at group level or above 11% have commanded at wing level or above 3.1 Leadership What do our customers say about how were doing? Observation 4: Everybody is meeting targets.

26 In 2007, CBOA said... ICL Competency: Leading People Ninety percent (90%) of the CBOA members believe Air University is meeting MAJCOM expectations for this competency. Q: Are there any leadership areas AU is missing? A: NONE – In fact, all agreed that Leadership instruction is one of AUs strengths and that AU is Doing it right. – The group also agreed that there is value in reinforcing leadership topics at all levels of the AU education program…

27 27 AWC ACSC SOS ASBC SNCOA NCOA ALS What about our Leadership Faculty?

28 Goal 1. Ensure educational efforts are focused on addressing both current and emerging force development needs within the Air Force, joint, and coalition communities. Goal 2. Evolve accessions and citizen development programs to directly address key challenges faced by our Air Force and the Nation. Goal 3. Develop and vigorously employ innovative methods to attract, develop, inspire, and utilize our outstanding faculty and staff. Goal 4. Produce, appropriately vet, and publish scholarly, credible, relevant, and useful research, doctrine, and advocacy products that inform and influence deliberations by decision makers on the application of air, space, and cyberspace power in the joint arena. Goal 5. Research, develop, and implement educational innovations and technologies, including a reliable and responsive enterprise IT solution, that enhance learning for students, faculty, and staff by facilitating access to knowledge, fostering collaboration, and supporting resident, distance, and future learning strategies.

29 Leadership Faculty Qualification Program Typical Academic Degrees and Course Credits Earned Typical Other Qualifications Air and Space Basic Course Bachelors degree (any discipline)At least 3 years experience as a commissioned officer in the US Air Force; Completed SOC faculty qualification program Squadron Officer School Bachelors degree (any discipline)At least 4 years experience as a commissioned officer in the US Air Force; Successfully attained the rank Captain in the US Air Force; Completed SOC faculty qualification program Air Command & Staff College Air, Space, and Cyberspace Power Studies Leadership in Warfare Practice of Command Applied Warfare Studies Terminal degree in History, Political Science (includes all subfields), Military Science, or Aerospace Studies --OR-- Masters or Master's-level professional degree in History, Political Science (includes all subfields), Military Science, Aerospace Studies, Public Administration/Policy, Business, Management, Computer Science/ Information Management/Systems, Justice Studies, Leadership or related discipline; Air Command & Staff College (or equivalent); AND relevant operational / staff experience Relevant operational / staff experience; EXAMPLES: commander, director of operations, plans & programs, chief, program manager, doctrine

30 Leadership Faculty Qualification Program Typical Academic Degrees and Course Credits Earned Typical Other Qualifications Air War College Joint Strategic Leadership Terminal degree in History, Political Science, Military Science, Leadership, or relevant discipline --OR-- Masters or Master's-level degree in History, Political Science, Strategic Studies, Management/Administration, Leadership or related discipline; 15 or more years of military experience; command experience at the squadron/command/battalion level (or equivalent); AND professional military education graduate at the senior level and special qualifications as detailed in column 3. Relevant operational / staff experience; EXAMPLES: Commander, Joint, Joint Specialty Officer, Coalition Forces, Joint Command (TRANSCOM, etc), Sister Service schooling/assignments, NATO Airman Leadership School Associate Degree (any discipline); EPME Instructor Course; EPME Teaching Internship; ALS Graduate Successful military leadership experiences demonstrated by promotion to the rank of Staff Sergeant in the US Air Force; Designated 8T000 CFETP (Education/Training Requirements) Non-Commissioned Officer Academy Associate Degree (any discipline); EPME Instructor Course; EPME Teaching Internship; NCOA Graduate Successful military leadership experiences demonstrated by promotion to the rank of Technical Sergeant in the US Air Force; Designated 8T000 CFETP (Education/Training Requirements)

31 Leadership Faculty Qualification Program Typical Academic Degrees and Course Credits Earned Typical Other Qualifications Senior Non-Commissioned Officer Academy Associate Degree (any discipline); EPME Instructor Course; EPME Teaching Internship; NCOA Graduate Successful military leadership experiences demonstrated by promotion to the rank of Master Sergeant or Instructional Systems Specialist (civilian) in the US Air Force; Designated 8T000 CFETP (Education/Training Requirements) Chiefs Leadership Course Associate Degree (any discipline); EPME Instructor Course; EPME Teaching Internship; SNCOA Graduate Successful military leadership experiences demonstrated by promotion to the rank of Master Sergeant in the US Air Force; Designated 8T000 CFETP (Education/Training Requirements) Holm Center Bachelor Degree (any discipline)Masters Degree; Active Duty Military or Successful military leadership experiences LeMay Center NASuccessful military leadership experiences demonstrated by promotion to the rank of Flag Officer; Joint Experience Eaker Center Bachelor or Masters DegreeThree or more years experience in Functional Area; Endorsed by ecclesial body SAASS PhD AFIT PhDMBA Observation 5: Faculty qualification standards differ widely.

32 Seventy-six (76%) of faculty members believe their school regards professional development (PD) as very important Yet….. Only 60% say they are provided enough release time to pursue development in their field Only 60% say they are provided enough release time to pursue development in their field 55% say they are provided enough financial support for professional development activities 55% say they are provided enough financial support for professional development activities

33 How is AU contributing to Leadership Research? How is AU contributing to Leadership Research? What is AU publishing about Leadership? What is AU publishing about Leadership? How do we compare with our peers in teaching about Leadership? How do we compare with our peers in teaching about Leadership? How are we leveraging technology? How are we leveraging technology? How do we share best practices? How do we share best practices?

34 Observation 1: It appears AU has no common leadership definition Observation 1: It appears AU has no common leadership definition – Does the Leadership Center of the AF need a common definition? If so, what would an AU Definition for Leadership look like? Observation 2: There are multiple sources of guidance Observation 2: There are multiple sources of guidance – Do we have too much… or not enough? Observation 3: Several schools did not see themselves as being involved in leadership education Observation 3: Several schools did not see themselves as being involved in leadership education – How much should each AU program be involved in Leadership Education? – What is the right level/depth for each program? Observation 4: All programs are meeting targets Observation 4: All programs are meeting targets – How is AU delivering on being the Leadership Center of the AF? – What should the threshold be to graduate meeting AU leadership standards? – How do we know our graduates are better leaders as a result of AU programs? Observation 5: Faculty qualification standards differ widely Observation 5: Faculty qualification standards differ widely – What should standards, mixes, ratios, skill sets, etc look like?

35 AU-Level PRBs AU-Level PRBs – Functional PRB Schedule (Proposal) QEP – July 2010 QEP – July 2010 Curriculum (Leadership – November 2010) Curriculum (Leadership – November 2010) Faculty - June 2011? Faculty - June 2011? QEP – July 2011 QEP – July 2011 Student – December 2011? Student – December 2011? Continue this conversation within the context of an AU Center For Leadership Continue this conversation within the context of an AU Center For Leadership – Leadership definition – Scope of Leadership instruction at AU – Guidance – Outcomes Assessment – Faculty Qualifications

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37 The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force We Produce the Future… One Student at a Time One Faculty Member at a Time One Idea at a Time

38 We Produce the Future Back-up Slides Lt Gen Peck Commander

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