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ISHRS is the premier international society for hair transplantation- we are members of this organization Our website: | DR Venkataram Mysore MBBS.DVD.DNB.MD.DipRCPath(LOND)
Welcome to a presentation on baldness and hair loss 50% of worlds population suffer from baldness Did you know man is called naked ape as he has the least amount of hair among all mammals? Did you also know that hair is not essential for human survival and is largely cosmetic in function?
Hair transplantation Hair transplantation has evolved over the years –from the days of the disastrous punch transplants to the present day state of the art Follicular unit transplantation. This presentation give you basic information about the procedure
Hair Physiology The hair consists of 2 major parts: Hair shaft - the visible part of our hair which has no influence on the hair growth. Hair bulb - the part which is under the skin and influences the hair growth There is no communication between the hair bulb and the hair shaft, hence shaving/cutting the hair has no impact on its growth Hair Shaft Hair Bulb Normally there are about 100 thousand hairs on scalp
This is how baldness progresses-where are you in this chart? Note that even in the last stage(VIII), back of head never loses hair
Normally hair follows a cycle of growth, rest, fall, and then Hair grows again Why does baldness occur?
In males with baldness, this cycle is abnormal-each cycle results in progressively smaller hair (Miniaturization) and final disappearance. This is caused by the action of male hormones on the hairs in people who have inherited the gene from their parents-–hence it is called androgenetic alopecia Do women get total baldness - no, it is very rare
Baldness and its Psychological effects Feel older-48% depressed-54% avoid social situations-64% preoccupied with the problem 16% 52% thought it significantly affected their lives Too much of hair is bad-and too little is also bad!!! It is indeed amazing how much effect hair has on personality, despite serving no useful function in the body.
Is there any drug for baldness? Presently, there are two approved drugs;a)Minoxidil lotions 2% and 5%-it has to be applied daily twice over the affected area for many years. b)Finasteride 1mg tablets( propecia)- one tablet daily for 3-4 years Remember: There are different causes for hairloss-these are temporary and do not lead to baldness.Common Baldness is always hereditary and these are the only two drugs for baldness-every thing else advertised is without adequate proof
Are there any disadvantages of these drugs? They are very safe and free from serious side effects. They are useful in early hairloss and baldness. However, these treatments are for long duration, and are quite expensive. The effect lasts as long as they are taken and hence may also be temporary They are not effective in established and extensive baldness. Thus hair transplantation is the only permanent method of hair transplantation.
Old method-Punch grafts-paddy field or doll appearance-disaster This was the method till 1980s!!! This is a very easy operation. This surgery using an instrument called punch has no place today
What is follicular unit? Hair occurs in group of one, two or three Hairs called follicular unit transplantation. Dissection Of such units and then transplanting them is called follicular unit transplantation- the Rolce Royce of hair transplantation
How is follicular unit transplantation(FUT) different from Micrografts and minigrafts? From 1980 still early 1990s, microminigrafting was practised. This was definitely an improvement on the previous punch grafting. Follicular unit grafts are different in that: a) the dissection is more natural b) is done under microscope c) grafts are smaller d) need smaller holes e) cause less bleeding f) can be packed more densely Hence FUT yields more natural results For this reason follicular unit transplantation is called the Rolce Royce of hair transplantation However, FUT is also more difficult, needs microscopic dissection, is more time consuming, needs more manpower and is more expensive.
Low density Mostly1/2 hair units Average density- Mostly1/2/3 hair units Most south indians have this High density- Mostly 2/3/4 hair units Seen in people from kerala and Tamilnadu no of hairs in a person varies from person to person –densitometry determined by trichoscan. The number of hairs a person has depends on the type of units and the type of Density he has. The type of density is an important factor in the quality of results he gets after surgery-the higher the density, the better the result.
Principle of hair transplantation Step1 Donor area Step 2 dissection of hairs Step 3 Follicular units step4 transplantation in to bald area
Back of head never loses hairs as these hairs are genetically different- hence they grow even when they are transplanted to the bald area. Since they are patients own hair, they are not rejected.
Dont be afraid that there may be damage to brain-we go only up to 4 mm.Brain is located 4 cm deep in side the skull
Preparation of Donor -no hair cut or shaving-we preserve your hairstyle
Local anesthesia-we minimize pain by using vibrator and Cream anesthesia (EMLA crème ) before giving injections
Our theatre-enjoy a movie during operation
Donor area is sutured-hair from above covers it Even on operation day, suture area can not be made out, as very little area is shaved. Donor area resection takes about 40 minutes
Sutures heal in 2 weeks-we put absorbable sutures-so there is no need for suture removal you cant make out the suture!! We take great care to avoid any change of hairstyle
Hair dissection-using microscope to avoid damage to hair. Lasts for 2-3 hours Dissection room Microscopic Dissection Hairs as seen under microscope-note the 1,2 and 3 hair units
Dissected hairs-follicular units Note that one, two, three hair units are all very small and of the same size-hence Need small holes, can be packed closely and cause Very little bleeding- this is the real highlight of follicular unit transplantation hairs-follicular units
Hairs are inserted in to special implanters And then in to scalp Very little bleeding Referred to as No Touch technique
Hair transplantation-large session-about 1200 grafts-lasts 51/2 hours Marking of area to be grafted At the end of grafting, note how clean it looks. Pt goes home like this with very small bandage which is removed the very next day. Next day
The graft will have a brown crust( clotted blood) the next day- You can start shampooing the next day of surgery and the crust clears off in 4-5 days You may have use a cap or alternatively during these period. Alternatively, you can hide the grafts to get normal look-with Topick. Pink plaster is to prevent swelling which may occur on day3-4 for 1-2 days There is no need for taking leave-you may return to work the very next day Crust on day 2 After topick
Before surgery after surgery-shampooing starts the very next day- the brown crust falls off in 4-5 days With topick-a powder to hide Graft sites The grafted hairs will start falling by 3 weeks-and will start regrowth by 4/5 month. Hair transplantation-medium session-about 850 grafts-lasts 41/2 hours
beforeAfter 7 months
Donor-where is the suture? Hairline-Isnt it natural?
before After 5 months Note:it takes 9-10 months for proper hair growth
After 6 months before U cant make out the suture
Remember It takes 9 months after surgery for hair growth To preserve existing hair, it may be necessary to take drugs-this is particularly true of younger individuals
Key points for good results Good technique-follicular unit Trained team Large number of grafts in one session
We are proud!!! Our team is trained by Dr Ginzburg and his team from Israel
Remember!!! Lot of advertisements appear in lay press claiming dramatic results from homeopathy, acupuncture, weaving etc.Be careful and ascertain full information before using them Many claims are also made about hair transplantations- always ascertain the training of the team, the surgeon, technique and the no of grafts they promise After all, hair transplantation is not a everyday procedure!!!
Our website the most authorititive and unbiased website
Great things are a number of small things done together-Vincent Von Gough This statement applies aptly to hair transplantation If you have nay more questions, do feel free to mail us at : Call us on / / / /