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Drama for English Language Learners Wendy K. Mages Harvard Graduate School of Education.

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Presentation on theme: "Drama for English Language Learners Wendy K. Mages Harvard Graduate School of Education."— Presentation transcript:

1 Drama for English Language Learners Wendy K. Mages Harvard Graduate School of Education

2 Drama & Language Theory Being exposed to a flow of language is not nearly so important as using it in the midst of doing (Bruner, 1990, p. 70) Research 3 Meta-Analyses indicate drama does affect language development (Conard, 1992; Kardash & Wright, 1987; Podlozny, 2000)

3 Why is Drama Beneficial for Language Acquisition? Provides a context for language use Drama simultaneously engages the mind, the body, and the emotions

4

5 First Stanza of the Poem There were a few dozen who occupied the field across the road from where we lived, stepping all day from tuft to tuft, their big heads down in the soft grass, though I would sometimes pass a window and look out to see the field suddenly empty as if they had taken wing, flown off to another country.

6 A Taste of Drama Sample a number of drama strategies Experience what it is like to be a student in a drama class

7 Drama Teaching Techniques Freeze –Ensures safety of participants Side Coaching –Listen to the words I use –I will try to coach you with my voice No Right or Wrong –Creates safe environment for exploration –Encourages participation

8 Strategy: Walk About Techniques –Fast & Slow –Heavy & Light –Large & Small –High & Low Rationale –Engage participants –Dramatizing vocabulary Aids comprehension Aids retention –I used vocabulary from the poem

9 Strategy: Character Walk Techniques –Lead with your head –Lead with your Toes –Lead with one shoulder –Etc. Rationale –Encourages whole body engagement –Teaches vocabulary for body parts

10 Strategy: Greetings Techniques –Hello Use just your eyes Use your head and face Use your head, face, and voice –Goodbye Touch feet Touch elbows –Introductions Formal Informal Rationale –Begin collaborative work –Teaches basic greetings in context –Teaches informal and formal introductions

11 Strategy: Statues Technique –Number off by twos –Use your whole body to show me Happy Sad War (view museum) Peace (view museum) Rationale –Engage body in vocabulary development

12 Strategy: Group Sculpture Tableaux Technique –As a group build a sculpture of a word –Sculptures: Waiting for Rain Shocking Mysterious Pain Rationale –Encourage collaboration –Vocabulary development

13 Strategy: Word Symphony Technique –Distribute words from text –Allow students to experience the sound of the words –Conduct the word symphony Rationale –Encourage students to explore the sound of words –Introduces vocabulary from the text

14 Strategy: Choral Reading Technique –Show first stanza of poem –Distribute lines of the poem –Discuss line meaning in small groups –Students collaborate to perform poem Rationale –Introduces text interpretation –Introduces text performance –Promotes comprehension

15 Questions?

16 Thanks!


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