Presentation on theme: "SAFETY AUDIT A KEY HAZARD IDENTIFICATION TECHNIQUE"— Presentation transcript:
1 SAFETY AUDIT A KEY HAZARD IDENTIFICATION TECHNIQUE A presentation bySubbaraoCholamandalam AXA Risk Services
2 What is Safety AuditVerifying the existence and implementation of elements of occupational safety and health system and for verifying the system’s ability to achieve defined safety objectives~~~IS
3 CONCERNS OF MANAGEMENT QUANTITY PRODUCED IN RELATION TO PRODUCTION SCHEDULE AND MARKET REQUIREMENTPRODUCT QUALITYPRODUCTION COSTSINTEGRATING THE STAKEHOLDERSCONCERNSIs Safety Important? Not always
4 SAFE AND SOUND A study of top companies in the world indicated that ‘Safety and Loss Prevention Programmes were essential for a company’s prosperity and accepted as part of good Business'.
5 Why do organizations have to bother about Safety Corporate StrategyFinanceHuman ResourcesMarketing, Product Design and Product LiabilityManufacturing and operating policyInformation Management and systemsSocietal Concerns
6 Societal ConcernsIncreased concern about the impact on the public not just the workforce concernedPublic intolerance of risks which do not have clear benefits to those affectedReadiness to press for retribution on those who cause harm and to seek compensationDemand for increased transparency
14 Human Resources Work and job structuring Morale and retaining people Positive health structure
15 Marketing, product design and product liability Specification of product and serviceLegal requirementInternational requirementConsumer protection act
16 Manufacturing and operating policy Design/selection/construction/maintenance of premises, plant, equipment and substancesQuality managementEnvironment management and waste disposal
17 Information management and systems Identification of data critical to the management of health and safetySelection of appropriate performance indicatorsUse of information technology in the collection and analysis of essential data.
18 Organizations carry out Safety AuditSafety SurveySafety InspectionSafety TourSafety SamplingHAZOP
19 Safety Survey: Detailed examination of a narrower field of activity-e Safety Survey: Detailed examination of a narrower field of activity-e.g.- key areas revealed by safety auditsSafety Inspection: Routine inspection-work is being carried in accordance with procedures etc.Safety Tour: Unscheduled examination-hazards are removed-standards are removed
20 Safety Sampling: Trained observers record the number of safety defects seen while touring specified locations by a prescribed route. Typically tours last for 15 min. and are conducted at weekly intervals. The unweighted count of defects is used to portray trends in the safety situation.
21 SAFETY AUDIT MONITORING AUDIT COMPARE ACTUAL PERFORMANCE -STANDARDS COMPREHENSIVECONTINUOSAUDITNOT DONE BY INSIDERNOT COMPREHENSIVE-DEPENDS ON SCOPEPERIODIC
22 DIFFERENT TYPES OF AUDIT Electrical AuditFire Safety AuditPressure vessels AuditLifting Tackles AuditStatutory Regulations Compliance AuditEmergency Communication AuditPipe lines Audit
23 Safety Depends on Hardware Software Humanware Accident and incident analysisWork permitHardwareEngineeringSoftwareEmergencyProcurementHumanwareMaintenanceLeadershipPPEHealth and HygieneTask observation
24 SAFETY AUDITOCCUPIERS ARE REQUIRED TO DEMONSTRATE THEIR CAPABILITY TO DESIGN LOCATE OPERATE AND MAINTAIN THEIR FACILITIES TO STANDARDS ACCEPTABLE TO THE GOVT. AND PUBLIC.
25 AUDITAN AUDIT IS A SYSTEMATIC INDEPENDENT REVIEW TO VERIFY CONFORMANCE WITH ESTABLISHED GUIDE LINES OR STANDARDS. IT EMPLOYS WELL DEFINED REVIEW PROCESS TO ENSURE CONSISTENCE AND TO ALLOW THE AUDITOR TO REACH DEFENSIBLE CONCLUSIONS.
26 OBJECTIVES OF THE SAFETY AUDIT DESIGN DEFICIENCIES AND ALSO WEAKNESSES WHICH MIGHT HAVE CROPPED UP DURING MODIFICATIONS /ADDITIONS.FIRE PROTECTION ARRANGEMENTS AND SAFETY SYSTEMS.OPERATING /MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES-DEGRADED WITH TIMETRAINING, PREPAREDNESS FOR HANDLING EMERGENCIES.
27 SCOPE OF AUDITFIRE AND EXPLOSION; PREVENTION, PROTECTION AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT.WORK INJURY PREVENTION.HEALTH HAZARDS CONTROL.CONSEQUENCES OF EMERGENCIES.ON SITE EMERGENCY CONTROL
28 Elements of Occupational Safety and Health System-IS14489 Occupational Health and Safety PolicyOS&H organizational set upEducation and TrainingEmployees participation in OS&H ManagementMotivational and Promotional measures for OS&HSafety Manual and RulesCompliance with Statutory RequirementsNew Equipment review and inspection
29 Elements contd..Accident reporting analysis investigation and implementation and recommendationsRisk Assessment including hazard identificationSafety inspectionsHealth and safety improvement plan/targetsFirst aid facilities-Occupational health centerPersonal Protective EquipmentGood housekeepingMachine and general area guardingMaterial handling equipment
30 Elements contd.. Electrical and Personal safeguarding Ventilation, illumination and noiseWork environment monitoring systemPrevention of occupational diseases including periodic medical examinationSafe operating proceduresWork Permit systemsFire Prevention, Protection and fighting systemsEmergency Preparedness plans(onsite/offsite)Process Plant modification procedure
31 Elements contd.. Transportation of hazardous substances Hazardous waste treatment and disposalSafety in storage and warehousingContractor safety systemsSafety for customers(including MSDS)
32 Records to be examined during Audit OS&H PolicySafety organization chartTraining Records on safety, fire and first aidAccident investigation reportsAccidents and dangerous occurrences-Statistics and analysisRecords of tests and examination of equipment and structuresSafe operating procedures for various operationsRecord of work permitsRecord of montioring of flammable and explosives
33 Records- Contd..Maintenance and testing records of fire detection and fire fighting equipmentMedical records of employeesRecords of industrial hygiene surveys(noise, ventilation, illumination levels, airborne and toxic substances, explosive gases)MSDSOnsite emergency plans and record of mockdrillsRecords of waste disposalRecords of effluent discharge to the environmentHousekeeping inspection records
34 Records contd.. Minutes of Safety committee meetings Approval of layouts and other approvals from statutory authoritiesRecords of any modifications carried out in plant and processMaintenance procedure recordsCalibration and testing recordsShutdown maintenance proceduresIn service inspection manuals, records including that of material handlingSafety BudgetStatutory Records, Previous audit reports, Transportation of Hazardous substances
35 TOPICS ON WHICH INFORMATION IS COLLECTED SAFETY ORGANIZATION.CONTRACTOR EMPLOYEE ACTIVITIES.MATERIAL SAFETY DATA.OCCUPANCY.SAFETY AND HEALTH POLICY.OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF SAFETY MANUAL.
37 .TOPICS CONTD. SAFETY INSPECTION. SAFETY OBSERVATIONS. WORK PERMIT SYSTEM.FIRE PROTECTION ARRANGEMENTSFIRE EMERGENCY CONTROL PROCEDURES.WORK ENVIRONMENT MONITORING.
38 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT. MEDICAL/AMBULANCE FACILITIES. ACCIDENT/INCIDENT -REPORTING INVESTIGATION ANALYSIS.IDENTIFICATION OF CRITICAL EQUIPMENT AND PREUSE INSPECTION OF CRITICAL EQUIPMENTOFF THE JOB -SAFETY.STATISTICAL INF. ON LOSSES INJURIES.
39 EMERGENCY COMMUNICATION FACILITIES. EVACUATION FACILITIES. PRODUCT/SERVICE-LIABILITY
40 Manufacture, Storage and import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989 Safety Audit is required to be carried out by by the occupiers of both the new and the existing industrial activities with the help of an expert not associated with such industrial activities.This is required under Rule No.10-subrule (4)This has come into effect from 3/10/94
41 Traits of an auditorDispel the myth that it is policing on behalf of managementIs questionnaire useful?Knowledge in the area being visitedBlinkered view?Discussion is more important-Facilitator rather than an inspector.
42 Are you a good auditor?FINISHED FILES ARE THE RESULT OF YEARS OF SCIENTIFIC STUDY COMBINED WITH THE EXPERIENCE OF YEARS
43 Safety Leadership is key to success Wayne Pardy, CRSPwww.cholaaxa.comSurvey by Linkage, inc., 1999
45 Safety really is about attitude. Make 100% Safe Behavior your choice Coincident or Not ?If,A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZEquals,Then,K + N + O + W + L + E + D + G + E= 96%H + A + R + D + W + O + R + K= 98%Both are important, but the total falls just short of 100%But,A + T + T + I + T + U + D + E= 100%Safety really is about attitude. Make 100% Safe Behavior your choiceboth ON and OFF the job
46 Safety and Incident Prevention Depends how much on ATTITUDE ?ATIUDE=12092145100%ATTITUDE!Just for fun, and to help everyone remember its importance for having a successful safety program, try this clever little word game.Assign values in alphabetical order from 1 to 26 for each character of the alphabet. A = 1, B = 2, etc.Write each letter of the word “ATTITUDE” in a vertical column.Place its assigned value to the right of each letter.Total the values and discover …. The percentage of impact that attitude has on the success or failure of every safety program.The attitude of management towards safety must be one of solid affirmation.The attitude of supervisors towards safety must be one of proactive support.The attitude of workers towards safety must become very personal.How do we influence safety and what do we plan to get from our efforts ….(go to next slide)...