Presentation on theme: "Shaping Behavior with Young Children"— Presentation transcript:
1Shaping Behavior with Young Children ECC Informational Night: 11/7/13Presented By: Katie Colianne,Jean Houston and Lisa Murphy
2Question for ParentsWhat does your child do to get your attention?
3Parents…The most powerful tool you possess is that your child utterly adores you!Your child NEEDS your attention more than anything else- and he or she will fight HARD to get it!
4Guiding Behavior of Your Child Involves establishing mutual respect and expecting cooperation.Through effective discipline:Children can learn to make positive choicesLearn problem solving skillsLearn values of respect and responsibility
5Strategies for Guiding Behavior Always focus on the behaviorHave a clear set of rules and routinesBe consistentStructure the environment to support appropriate behaviorAllow children to make acceptable choicesConcentrate on shaping positive behavior
6What is “Shaping?” Shaping: A great way to help kids learn new behaviors.It is a step-by-step process.Provides your child with cues and reinforcements that direct him or her towards a desirable behavior.Instead of expecting your child to master a new behavior all at once, shaping your child’s behavior means you are reinforcing each small step toward the bigger goal.
7Question for Parents…Your child is throwing toys at a wall. You want your child to play appropriately with his toys!What would you do?
89 Techniques to Shape Children’s Behavior Besides using natural consequences to teach you can set up “parent made” consequences.Examples: A child kept slamming her door, parent gave many warnings and explained that if this behavior continues she will not longer the privacy of a door. The parent finally took the door off as the consequence when the behavior did not stop.
93 steps to help support the problem Identify the Problem: What is your child doing that you don’t like?Catch Good Behavior: Watch him ‘like a hawk’ to catch good behavior (the way you want him to be acting)Releasing the Power of your Attention: Stop what you are doing, go over to the child and give him your attention (e.g. play with him, talk with him about what he is doing)
10Solution using the ‘3 steps’ Identify the Problem: Your child is throwing toys.Catching Good Behavior: Catch him when he is playing quietly with toys, keeping toys on the ground.Releasing the Power of your Attention: Stop what you are doing, go sit next to him, play with the toys, show interest in what the child is doing.
119 Techniques to Shape Children’s Behavior PraiseIf you want to see a behavior continue, praise the behavior, not the child.For example: “I like the way you are cleaning your room” instead of “good girl or good boy.”Change the delivery of your praise.Examples: “I like the way you put the toys in the bucket,” “What a great job you are doing cleaning your room.” “Your room looks so neat!” “That was a great choice to put the clothes in the dirty hamper!”
129 Techniques to Shape Children’s Behavior Selective IgnoringIf you do not like the behavior and it is not dangerous or intolerable, ignore it!Examples: Your child is not ‘sitting’ at the dinner table, but he or she is ‘standing’ but still eating and participating in conversation. What other behaviors can you ignore?
139 Techniques to Shape Children’s Behavior 3. Help your child learn that choices have consequences.These lessons come from real life and children learn self discipline. Children must experience the consequences of their actions in order to learn from them. Talk through each situation and your child will learn that he is happier and life runs more smoothly when he makes wise decisions.Examples: Expect your preschooler to clean up his messes, let your child explore, fail, bump and learn. If your child leaves his bike in the driveway it may get stolen and that’s the choice he chose.
149 Techniques to Shape Children’s Behavior Motivators and RewardsDiscussion Q: What motivates your child?Behavior that is rewarding continues, behavior that is unrewarding stops. You can use prizes, sticker charts, ticket system. Involve your child in choosing the reward.Prizes: simple, inexpensive, funSticker Charts: child has to get so many ‘stickers’ in order to receive the rewardTickets: child gets a reward after accumulating so many tickets.
159 Techniques to Shape Children’s Behavior Examples of Rewards: “First child in bed picks the story to read!” “You took care of your trains, let’s go buy a new one!” “If you tasted your peas, you can get a sticker on your chart!”
169 Techniques to Shape Children’s Behavior RemindersChildren need reminders to keep their behavior on trackReminders are less likely to provoke a refusal then outright commandsReminders prompt the child to complete the behaviorYou give the clue and the child fills in the blanksExample: “Oh where does that plate belong?” (when putting dishes in the sink)
179 Techniques to Shape Children’s Behavior NegotiatingIt does not compromise your authority, it strengthens it.Children are more likely to respect parents who are willing to listen to them.It’s a win-win situationExample:Child: “Why do I have to eat Cheerios for breakfast?”Parent: “Well, what do you want to eat?”Child: “Gummy Bears”Parent: “That is a not a healthy choice. Why don’t you choose between Cheerios and Oatmeal with fruit?”Child: “Ok… Oatmeal with strawberries.”Parent: “Perfect choice.”(Compromise Reached)*FYI: If your child starts acting disrespectful end the conversation/compromise.
189 Techniques to Shape Children’s Behavior Withdrawing PrivilegesChild must connect the withdrawal with the behaviorIf your child rides his bike in the street, he loses the bike.If your child misses her carpool or bus, she walks to school.
199 Techniques to Shape Children’s Behavior No NatteringPersistent negative comments that nip away at a child’s self-worth.Makes kids nervous and produces more negative behavior.It’s better to pick out redeeming qualities and concentrate on the positiveExamples: “I liked the way you moved over for your sister on the couch.”
209 Techniques to Shape Children’s Behavior Holding a Family MeetingGood times to set house rulesMeetings foster family communicationYou are relaxed and the children are receptiveAsk for children’s inputExamples: Get suggestions from the children about how to keep their rooms clean.
21Words of WisdomYou can turn a great behavior shaping moment into a negative interaction by implying that your child is doing something that YOU want him or her to do.Avoid statements like, “See I told you so!” and “If you be nice to people like that all the time they will be nice to you!”
22Summary Effective parenting that we discussed include: Developing and clarifying clear expectationsStaying calm when your child gets upsetFollow through with positive and negative consequencesBe consistentBeing a positive role modelPraising your child for his/her behavior
23ConclusionParenting is the most important job that you will ever have. It requires dedication, attention, love. It is very time consuming but in the end, it is the most rewarding job!
24Bibliography"Behavior Therapy: The Specifics of Parent Training." HealthyChildren.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 OctCahill, Angela. "Shaping Behavior." The Doctor Mommy. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 OctLopez, William. "Successful Parenting Skills That Shape Children's Behaviors." AllPsych (2004): n. pag. Web. 30 Oct <http://http://allpsych.com/journal/parentingskills.html>.Morin, Amy. "Shaping Behavior One Step at a Time." About.com Discipline. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 OctPeggy, Harrelson O. "Skip Menu." Guiding the Behavior of Young Children. Virginia Tech University, n.d. Web. 30 OctSears, William. "10 Techniques to Shape Children’s Behavior." Ask Dr Sears The Trusted Resource for Parents. N.p., 20 May Web. 30 Oct