The sorrow which has no vent in tears may make other organs weep. Henry Maudsley, M.D..
PREVALENCE OF MENTAL ILLNESS IN GENERAL HEALTH CARE Current Mental Disorder 24 % Well 36% Symptomatic 31% Sub-threshold 9%
Health Status 10% 20% 50% Access to Care Genetics Health Behaviors Access to Care Other Heath Behaviors 88% 8% 4% Influence National Health Expenditures $1.2 Trillion Sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, University of California at San Francisco Institute for the Future. Access to Care Genetics HealthBehaviors Environment Access to Care Other Health Behaviors
Stress A syndrome that results from having to adapt to demands from the external and internal environments.
Stress People have persistent behaviors. Under stress people cope differently. Overwhelmed people regress functionally. Poor adaptation causes ill health. George Vaillant, Adaptation to Life, 1977
Stress and Social Support As Stress Levels As Social Support Sense of Control Subjective Stress
Social Support Provides Positive Information About the person About the relationship About handling the problem
Two Basic Human Needs... To feel competent To feel connected Andrus Angyal
Types of Social Power Reward Power Coercive Power Expert Power Referent Power Legitimate Power French and Raven, 1966
Crisis Intervention Crisis: Time of greatest (potential) change Overwhelming stress changes functioning ability May trigger visit to physician Victim very open to suggestion
Commonalties Among Psychotherapeutic Techniques Expectation of help Participation in therapeutic relationship Getting external perspective Encouragement of corrective experience Opportunity to test reality
Goals of 15 Minute Therapy Preventing dire consequences Re-establishing premorbid level of functioning Expanding behavioral repertoire Enhancing patients self esteem
The BATHE Technique Background Affect/Feeling Trouble Handling Empathy
How to B.A.T.H.E. your patients as you S.O.A.P. them: Background Affect/Feeling Trouble Handling Empathy What is going on in your life? How are you feeling about that? What troubles you the most? How are you handling that? That must be very difficult.
The BATHE Technique B ackground:Whats going on in your life?
The BATHE Technique Background:What is going on in your life? Affect:How do you feel about that?
The BATHE TECHNIQUE Background:What is going on in your life? Affect:How do you feel about that? Trouble:What about that troubles you ( most)?
The BATHE TECHNIQUE Background: What is going in your life? Affect: How do you feel about that? Trouble:What about that troubles you ( most)? Handling: How are you handling that?
The BATHE TECHNIQUE Background: What is going on in your life? Affect: How do you feel about that? Trouble:What about that troubles you (most)? Handling: How are you handling that? Empathy: That must be very difficult.
Therapeutic Skills Using a New Paradigm We constantly tell ourselves, as well as others, stories. These stories create our reality and affect our experience.
Understanding the Impact of Our Stories The stories reflect our view of who we are. These stories determine what we are capable of doing.
Psychotherapy Means Editing the Story First:The story must be heard. Second:The story must be reflected back with empathy. Third:Limits must be challenged.
Challenging Absolutes Always Never Everyone No-one
Challenging Imposed Limits Cant Must Should Its impossible
The Amazing Power of the Word YET YET implies it is possible. YET implies impending change. YET empowers people to contemplate changes.
Expected Outcome When the patient uses the word YET the story is being edited. Behavioral change will follow.
Strategies for Helping Patients Focusing on options. Looking at consequences. Applying tincture of time Choosing not to choose
Four Options in a Bad Situation Leave it Change it Accept it Reframe it
Three-Step Problem Solving for Bad Situations 1.What is the patient feeling? 2.What does the patient want? 3.What can the patient do about it?
Putting the Patient in Control Focusing on strengths Delineating responsibility for behavior Aiming for small wins Initiating the new scoring system
Focusing the Patient in the Present The past is gone The future is not here yet. We can only act/feel in the here and now.
Difficult Patients The hypochondriacal patient The chronic complainer The substance abuser The depressed patient The grieving patient
PLISSIT P P ermission LI L imited Information SS S pecific S uggestions IT I ntensive T herapy
The art of medicine is to keep the patient amused until nature effects a cure Voltaire