Presentation on theme: "Play Therapy In Schools 2013 CCPA Annual Conference"— Presentation transcript:
1 Play Therapy In Schools 2013 CCPA Annual Conference Presenter: Don Chafe
2 Play TherapyWhy Play?Why Therapy?Why work with children?
3 Why Play? Most children readily engage in play. Play is believed to be the natural language of childhood.Children (and often adults) may lack the verbal ability to describe inner experience.Play taps “magical thinking” ability.
4 Why Therapy? Therapy is a corrective experience. Therapy is about change.
5 Why work with children? Children are embedded in a social context: Children in familiesChildren in schoolsChildren in communitiesSome schools of play therapy deal with these various levels.
6 Why work with children?Children have internal psychological processes.These processes can be explored and altered in the therapeutic relationship.This workshop will focus on therapeutic relationships with children.
7 Some “schools” of play therapy Non-directive PrescriptivePsychoanalytic FamilySand play GroupFilial Therapy Object relationsJungian PhenomenologicalCognitive-Behavioral Fair PlayAdlerian Time LimitedTheraplay DynamicEcosystemic >>>>>>>>>>>>
8 Non-directive play therapy Belief system:Child drivenChild is having difficulties because he /she does not feel accepted / respectedCure is unconditional positive regard
9 Non-directive play therapy Therapist behavior and therapeutic techniques:If you are using a technique you are not doing non-directive therapyTherapist concentrates on active listening:TrackingReflection of feelingVERY limited questioning
10 Tracking What do we reflect? Play sequences Child-toy interaction Project child into playChild's behavior
11 Tracking How do we reflect? NOTE: Intensity of the therapist's involvement can be varied from light to intenseNOTE:Reflection of feeling can be similarly varied.
13 Non-directive practice ReflectSet limitsTHE END
14 Setting limits What limits do we set? How do we let the child know the limits?How do we enforce the limits?
15 Gestalt play therapy Based on the adult work of Frederick Perls Gestalt is an “experiential” therapy
16 Gestalt Play Therapy Violet Oaklander (1978). Windows to Our Children Felicia Carroll (student of Oaklander)Gestalt Theory can be taughtHeady / esoteric ideasGestalt Therapy must be experiencedIdeas meaningless without experience
17 Gestalt Play Therapy Belief system: Therapist driven I / thou relationshipTherapist encouraged the child to experience all aspects of the self while being totally present in the sessionChildren experience problems because they lack contact with some aspect of the self or the environmentCure comes from having child establish contact
18 Gestalt Play Therapy Therapist behavior and therapeutic techniques: ExperiencingSharingChanging perspectiveIdentifying with elementsAmplifyingUsing non-verbalsOwning emotions