Presentation on theme: "Propaganda Techniques"— Presentation transcript:
1Propaganda Techniques What techniques are used to persuade you?
2What is propaganda?Use of carefully used words and/or pictures in order to influence opinions, emotions, attitudes and behavior.
3Bandwagon Choices Like peer pressure Argument: “Everyone is doing it, so you should too.”Crest toothpaste: “Four out of five dentists prefer Crest.”What is “jump on the bandwagon” and where did it come from?
4Name calling Often occurs in politics and wartime. Attaches a negative word or feeling to an idea, product or person.Often found in politicalcartoons
5TestimonialWhen an important person or figure endorses a product or an idea.“If THIS important person believe this is a good idea, it must be.”
6Glittering generalities Emotionally appealing.Associated with highly-valued concepts and beliefsHonorGlorylove of countryFreedomPeaceName calling in reverse
7Plain folk Use of ordinary people to gain confidence and trust. Just like the common personMay use improper grammar or regional slang.
8Transfer Uses symbols that pack a strong punch for their message. People either widely respect or despiseOften used in politics and wartimeAmerican FlagSwastika
9Faulty reasoningFactual supporting details are used, but do not support the conclusion.Irrelevant information (red-herring)Circular reasoningEither-or
10FearUse of emotional response to threats and danger to promote a product or agenda.During WWIIAnti-vaccine campaign
11repetitionIf you say it over and over again, people will believe it.
12Otherness“Not everyone is doing this, but you are special, so you should.”Promotes an elite mentality –feel you are the exception if you use/buy it.
13Mass marketing to a subculture Targets a smaller group of people within the main culture.Makes the subculture more mainstreamExample: Harley Davidson clothing and accessories
14Collective memoriesMoments/events shared by large numbers of people because of a common experienceCoca Cola uses this technique in many of their ads.ChristmasFamilyFun
15Humanizing technology Simplifies or personifies products that are technical in nature.No longer use “scientific” mumbo jumbo to convince people but regular language.
16Strong womenUses images of athletic females representing both beauty and power.Nike uses women athletes.