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Radiology – Paralleling, Bisecting, Bitewing. Everything lines up to long axis Film is placed parallel to long axis of tooth being radiographed Central.

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Presentation on theme: "Radiology – Paralleling, Bisecting, Bitewing. Everything lines up to long axis Film is placed parallel to long axis of tooth being radiographed Central."— Presentation transcript:

1 Radiology – Paralleling, Bisecting, Bitewing

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3 Everything lines up to long axis Film is placed parallel to long axis of tooth being radiographed Central ray is perpendicular or at a right angle to the film and long axis of the tooth

4 Achieve parallelism between film & tooth – Film must be placed away from the tooth and toward middle of mouth. Increase the object to film distance to keep film parallel with long axis of tooth – increased object to film distance = more magnification

5 Increased magnification causes loss of definition To compensate increase the target film distance (16 PID)

6 Accuracy- Produces an image that has dimensional accuracy Simplicity- Use of the film holder and beam alignment device elminates guessing placement Duplication- It is easy to standardize and can be accurately duplicated

7 Film placement- difficulties may be encountered w/ children or w/ adult patients who have a small mouth or shallow palate Discomfort- the XCP may impinge on the oral tissues and cause discomfort for the patient

8 Also called the bisecting angle technique, bisection of the angle technique, and short- cone technique Another method used to expose periapical films

9 Bisecting the angle between film & tooth – rule of isometry. Based on two imaginary equal triangles

10 Film placed along the lingual Point where film contacts the tooth – the film and the long axis of the tooth form an angle. Visualize a line that divides in half (bisects) the angle formed by the film & long axis of tooth. Line = imaginary bisector Not good for pt. w/bone loss – distorts level of bone

11 Angulation of the PID is critical with the bisecting technique Angulation is used to describe the alignment of the CR on the horizontal and vertical planes This is important with the snap-a-ray or finger holding method

12 Film placement Film position Vertical angulation Horizontal angulation Film exposure

13 Can be used w/o a film holder when the anatomy of the patient precludes the use of a film-holding device Decreased exposure time, a 8 PID is preferred with the bisecting technique

14 Image distortion- occurs when a short PID is used, it causes image magnification Angulation problems- w/o a film holder and aiming ring visualizing the imaginary bisector can be difficult, image may result in distortion Unnecessary exposure- with the finger holding method the patients hand is unnecessarily exposed to the primary beam

15 Also know as the interproximal technique Method used to examine the interproximal surfaces of the teeth

16 Used to diagnose caries between the teeth and bone levels

17 Film placement – teeth to be examined Film position – parallel to crowns of both arches Vertical angulation – central ray of beam directed through contact areas Horizontal angulation – central ray of beam through contact areas Film exposure – beam centered on film so all areas are exposed – failure – cone cut or partial image


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