Presentation on theme: "On notebook paper: Title your paper Persuasive Technique"— Presentation transcript:
1On notebook paper: Title your paper Persuasive Technique Write about a time you convinced someone to do something or buy something or believe something? What was it? How did you convince them? Do you think you are good at convincing people?
2What is persuasion? Generally an appeal to emotion, not intellect. An attempt to change your behaviorIt attempts to “guide your choice”
3PersuasionA type of speech or writing, usually nonfiction, that tries to convince an audience to think and act in a certain way
4Propaganda is …… form of communication… aimed at swaying or influencing your attitude… toward or away from some cause or position.
5Influence of Propaganda If you watch 30 hours of TV per week, you will…View roughly 37,822 commercials per yearThat’s about 100 TV ads per dayYou will see another 100 to 300 ads per day through other mass mediaIf companies did not think you could be influenced, they would not spend billions of $ on it!
6Whose voice guides your choice? Propaganda techniques will twist facts to sell readers on an idea—to convince them to agree with the writer.
7Who uses propaganda? You and I!!! Military Media Advertisers PoliticiansYou and I!!!
8Arguments that sound good, but are not sound! Rhetorical FallaciesArguments that sound good, but are not sound!
9Rhetorical fallaciesDistract the audience with irrelevant appeals instead of using sound reasoning.They can be divided into three categories:Emotional fallacies unfairly appeal to the audience’s emotions.Ethical fallacies unreasonably advance the writer’s own authority or character.Logical fallacies depend upon faulty logic.
10Common propaganda techniques Ad hominemExaggerationStereotypingCategorical Claims
11Ethical fallacies Ad Hominem arguments attack a person’s character rather than that person’s reasoning.Why should we think a candidate who recently divorcedwill keep her campaign promises?Buy a car from me, because the Ford dealer down the street is an idiot and a liar.
12Ad Hominem Latin for “against the man” Name calling This type of argument focuses on the opponent’s personality, character, or other qualities instead of the opponent’s argument
13Logical fallaciesExaggerations occur when we overstate or overemphasize a point.The school test scores have improved dramatically since the new principal came on board. Obviously her leadership has been a real benefit for our school.There must have been a hundred million birds in that tree!Stereotypes are general beliefs we use to categorize people, objects, and events erroneously.I got bit by a large dog when I was little, so I stay away from all dogs now; they are vicious.Anyone who lives in that neighborhood is rich and stuck-up.
14StereotypingDefinition- Making an unfair, too broad statement about a person or a group of people.To believe unfairly that all people or things with a particular characteristic are the sameExample- “Teenagers are lazy” “Rap and Hip- Hop Artists have low moral standards”
15ExaggerationA persuasive technique where the facts, data, results, etc. are, appear better or greater than they actually areOverstating somethingStretching the truth
16Logical fallacies Categorical Claim is based on the faulty logic of relating two things solelybecause they are in the same category.She writes a lot in her journal. A person who writes a lot is certain to be a good writer. Therefore, she must be a good writer.Chihuahuas are good inside dogs. Rottweilers are dogs; therefore, Rottweilers would be good inside dogs, too.
17Categorical ClaimDefining a group by a set of common characteristics, often with malicious or offensive intent, ignoring that individuals are different.Example- “Anyone who watches professional wrestling is obviously uneducated and easily duped.”
21Testimonial & Endorsements A famous person endorses an idea, a product, a candidate and implies the person uses it and so should we!
22TestimonialTestimonials are quotations or endorsements which connect a famous or respectable person with a product or item.
23Name-callingA negative word or feeling is attached to an idea, product, or person implying that we should not be interested.
24Name calling example:In a campaign speech to a logging company, the Congressman referred to his environmentally conscious opponent as a "tree hugger."
25Plain-folks appealThis idea, product, or person is associated with normal, everyday people and activities.
26Plain Folks Makes the leaders look like Plain folks (mom and pop style).a convincing method to show they are just common people.Opposite of snob appeal
27TOP 10 COMMERICAL JINGLES/SLOGANS You Deserve a Break Today (McDonald’s)Be All That You Can Be (U.S. Army)Pepsi-Cola Hits The Spot (Pepsi-Cola)Mmm Mmm Good! (Campbell Soup)Just do it (Nike)Good to the last drop (Maxwell House)M&Ms melt in your mouth, not in your hand (M&M candies)I Wish I Were An Oscar Mayer Wiener (Oscar Mayer)7. It’s The Real Thing (Coca-Cola)Use movable piece to cover the product name and have kids guess and then move the piece to reveal the correct answer.
29Information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause.
30Which statement can be considered as propaganda? Clowns are evil, scary creatures that enjoy making children cry.Many clowns wear silly costumes, bright make-up, and wigs.Circuses often hire clowns to perform in front of large audiences.Some people attend a clown college to learn how to be a clown.
31What type of propaganda technique is used in the following ad? BandwagonLoaded WordsTestimonialName-CallingPlain FolksSnob AppealMisuse of StatisticsTransfer
32What type of propaganda technique is used in the following ad? BandwagonLoaded WordsTestimonialName-CallingPlain FolksSnob AppealMisuse of StatisticsTransferD. Name Calling
33What type of propaganda technique is used in the following ad? BandwagonLoaded WordsTestimonialName-CallingPlain FolksSnob AppealMisuse of StatisticsTransfer
34What type of propaganda technique is used in the following ad? BandwagonLoaded WordsTestimonialName-CallingPlain FolksSnob AppealMisuse of StatisticsTransfer
35What type of propaganda is this? BandwagonLoaded WordsTestimonialName-CallingPlain FolksSnob AppealMisuse of StatisticsTransfer
36What type of propaganda is this? BandwagonLoaded WordsTestimonialName-CallingPlain FolksSnob AppealMisuse of StatisticsTransfer
37Choose the fallacy at work: “You can’t believe what Mr Choose the fallacy at work: “You can’t believe what Mr. Smith says because he is a liberal.”Categorical ClaimAd HominemExaggerationStereotyping
38Select the name of the rhetorical device that attacks the arguer instead of addressing the argument Categorical ClaimAd HominemExaggerationStereotyping