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On notebook paper: Title your paper Persuasive Technique Write about a time you convinced someone to do something or buy something or believe something?

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Presentation on theme: "On notebook paper: Title your paper Persuasive Technique Write about a time you convinced someone to do something or buy something or believe something?"— Presentation transcript:

1 On notebook paper: Title your paper Persuasive Technique Write about a time you convinced someone to do something or buy something or believe something? What was it? How did you convince them? Do you think you are good at convincing people?

2 What is persuasion? Generally an appeal to emotion, not intellect. Generally an appeal to emotion, not intellect. An attempt to change your behavior An attempt to change your behavior It attempts to guide your choice It attempts to guide your choice

3 Persuasion A type of speech or writing, usually nonfiction, that tries to convince an audience to think and act in a certain way

4 Propaganda is … … form of communication … aimed at swaying or influencing your attitude … toward or away from some cause or position.

5 Influence of Propaganda If you watch 30 hours of TV per week, you will… –View roughly 37,822 commercials per year Thats about 100 TV ads per day You will see another 100 to 300 ads per day through other mass media If companies did not think you could be influenced, they would not spend billions of $ on it!

6 Propaganda techniques will twist facts to sell readers on an ideato convince them to agree with the writer. Whose voice guides your choice?

7 Who uses propaganda? Military Media Advertisers Politicians You and I!!!

8 Rhetorical Fallacies Arguments that sound good, but are not sound!

9 Rhetorical fallacies Distract the audience with irrelevant appeals instead of using sound reasoning. They can be divided into three categories: –Emotional fallacies unfairly appeal to the audiences emotions. –Ethical fallacies unreasonably advance the writers own authority or character. –Logical fallacies depend upon faulty logic.

10 Common propaganda techniques Ad hominem Exaggeration Stereotyping Categorical Claims

11 Ethical fallacies Ad Hominem arguments attack a persons character rather than that persons reasoning. –Why should we think a candidate who recently divorced will keep her campaign promises? –Buy a car from me, because the Ford dealer down the street is an idiot and a liar.

12 Ad Hominem Latin for against the man Name calling This type of argument focuses on the opponents personality, character, or other qualities instead of the opponents argument

13 Logical fallacies Exaggerations occur when we overstate or overemphasize a point. –The school test scores have improved dramatically since the new principal came on board. Obviously her leadership has been a real benefit for our school. –There must have been a hundred million birds in that tree! Stereotypes are general beliefs we use to categorize people, objects, and events erroneously. –I got bit by a large dog when I was little, so I stay away from all dogs now; they are vicious. –Anyone who lives in that neighborhood is rich and stuck-up.

14 Stereotyping Definition- Making an unfair, too broad statement about a person or a group of people. To believe unfairly that all people or things with a particular characteristic are the same Example- Teenagers are lazy Rap and Hip- Hop Artists have low moral standards

15 Exaggeration A persuasive technique where the facts, data, results, etc. are, appear better or greater than they actually are Overstating something Stretching the truth

16 Logical fallacies Categorical Claim is based on the faulty logic of relating two things solely because they are in the same category. –She writes a lot in her journal. A person who writes a lot is certain to be a good writer. Therefore, she must be a good writer. –Chihuahuas are good inside dogs. Rottweilers are dogs; therefore, Rottweilers would be good inside dogs, too.

17 Categorical Claim Defining a group by a set of common characteristics, often with malicious or offensive intent, ignoring that individuals are different. Example- Anyone who watches professional wrestling is obviously uneducated and easily duped.

18 More Propaganda Techniques Bandwagon Technique Testimonial Loaded Word Misuse of statistics Name calling Plain Folks Snob Appeal Transfer

19 Bandwagon o Everybody is doing this. Join the crowd! You must JOIN in to FIT in! o If you want to fit in, you need to jump on the bandwagon and do it too. Clipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002

20 Bandwagon Technique

21 Testimonial & Endorsements A famous person endorses an idea, a product, a candidate and implies the person uses it and so should we!

22 Testimonial Testimonials are quotations or endorsements which connect a famous or respectable person with a product or item.

23 Name-calling A negative word or feeling is attached to an idea, product, or person implying that we should not be interested.

24 Name calling example: In a campaign speech to a logging company, the Congressman referred to his environmentally conscious opponent as a "tree hugger."

25 Plain-folks appeal This idea, product, or person is associated with normal, everyday people and activities.

26 Plain Folks Makes the leaders look like Plain folks (mom and pop style). -a convincing method to show they are just common people. -Opposite of snob appeal

27 TOP 10 COMMERICAL JINGLES/SLOGANS 1.You Deserve a Break Today (McDonalds) 2.Be All That You Can Be (U.S. Army) 3.Pepsi-Cola Hits The Spot (Pepsi-Cola) 4.Mmm Mmm Good! (Campbell Soup) 5.Just do it (Nike) 6.Good to the last drop (Maxwell House) 7.M&Ms melt in your mouth, not in your hand (M&M candies) 8.I Wish I Were An Oscar Mayer Wiener (Oscar Mayer) 7. Its The Real Thing (Coca-Cola)

28 What do all these pictures have in common?

29 Information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause.

30 Which statement can be considered as propaganda? A.Clowns are evil, scary creatures that enjoy making children cry. B.Many clowns wear silly costumes, bright make-up, and wigs. C.Circuses often hire clowns to perform in front of large audiences. D.Some people attend a clown college to learn how to be a clown.

31 What type of propaganda technique is used in the following ad? A.Bandwagon B.Loaded Words C.Testimonial D.Name-Calling E.Plain Folks F.Snob Appeal G.Misuse of Statistics H.Transfer

32 What type of propaganda technique is used in the following ad? A.Bandwagon B.Loaded Words C.Testimonial D.Name-Calling E.Plain Folks F.Snob Appeal G.Misuse of Statistics H.Transfer D. Name Calling

33 What type of propaganda technique is used in the following ad? A.Bandwagon B.Loaded Words C.Testimonial D.Name-Calling E.Plain Folks F.Snob Appeal G.Misuse of Statistics H.Transfer

34 What type of propaganda technique is used in the following ad? A.Bandwagon B.Loaded Words C.Testimonial D.Name-Calling E.Plain Folks F.Snob Appeal G.Misuse of Statistics H.Transfer

35 What type of propaganda is this? A.Bandwagon B.Loaded Words C.Testimonial D.Name-Calling E.Plain Folks F.Snob Appeal G.Misuse of Statistics H.Transfer

36 What type of propaganda is this? A.Bandwagon B.Loaded Words C.Testimonial D.Name-Calling E.Plain Folks F.Snob Appeal G.Misuse of Statistics H.Transfer

37 Choose the fallacy at work: You cant believe what Mr. Smith says because he is a liberal. A.Categorical Claim B.Ad Hominem C.Exaggeration D.Stereotyping

38 Select the name of the rhetorical device that attacks the arguer instead of addressing the argument A.Categorical Claim B.Ad Hominem C.Exaggeration D.Stereotyping


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