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Emergency Splinting & Bandaging and Taping Techniques

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Presentation on theme: "Emergency Splinting & Bandaging and Taping Techniques"— Presentation transcript:

1 Emergency Splinting & Bandaging and Taping Techniques
Chapter 7, pp Chapter 11, pp

2 Immediate Treatment of Orthopedic Injury
One primary goal Reduction of swelling PRICE Protection Rest Ice Compression Elevation

3 Cold Application Decreases pain Produces vasoconstriction
Controls hemorrhage and edema Decreases local cell metabolism Decreases tissues’ need for oxygen Reduces hypoxia Sensations- Cold, burning, aching, numb

4 Emergency Splinting Two vital principles
Splint from one joint above the fracture to one joint below the fracture Splint the injury in the position it is found

5 Splints Vacuum splints Air splints
Styrofoam chips contained inside an airtight cloth, pliable sleeve Molds to shape of injury using a handheld pump to draw out the air from within the sleeve Air splints Extremity splinting Provides clear view of injury during x-ray

6 Splinting Lower limb Upper limb
Fractures of knee, thigh, and hip require splinting of all limbs Upper limb Shoulder injuries are splinted in a sling Elbow injuries must be splinted in the position found Wrist injuries must be splinted in forearm flexion and should include a sling Fingers splinted with aluminum splints

7 Splinting

8 Bandaging and Taping Provides compression to minimize swelling in the initial management of injury Reduces the chances of injury by applying tape prophylactically Provides additional support to an injured structure

9 Elastic Bandages Most often used for compression for injuries
Can be used to secure dressing for a wound Can also be used for cold application Can provide support to injured tissues

10 Technique for application
Always begin distally and move proximally Wrap the body part in the position of maximum muscle contraction to ensure unhampered movement and circulation Use a larger number of turns with moderate tension than a limited number of turns and tighter Each turn of the bandage should be overlapped by at least one half to prevent separation of the material (can pinch and irritate skin)

11 Adhesive Taping Common techniques Arch Great Toe Toes
Ankle- CLOSED BASKET WEAVE Achilles Tendon Knee Elbow Wrist Thumb Fingers

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