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Data Modeling [Comparison of data modeling techniques ] By Renjini Sindhuri.

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Presentation on theme: "Data Modeling [Comparison of data modeling techniques ] By Renjini Sindhuri."— Presentation transcript:

1 Data Modeling [Comparison of data modeling techniques ] By Renjini Sindhuri

2 Contents Introduction E-R modeling Peter Chen Information Engineering Barkers Notation IDEFIX UML modeling XML modeling X- Entity modeling XUML Conclusion

3 Introduction Data modeling is the act of exploring data oriented structures. Examines and compares different data modeling techniques In the data modeling techniques we have traditional modeling and object oriented modeling of data

4 E-R modeling It is a conceptual data model that views the real world as consisting of entities and relationships It is used to transform relational tables that are easy to understand that enables easy communication with the end user Peter –Chen developed E-R model

5 Peter –Chen notation Entities are represented in the squared cornered and circles as attributes Many –Many relationships can be represented without associative entity Relationship itself has attributes and are considered as objects It failed to represent unique identifier

6 Peter Chens Model

7 Information Engineering model Developed by Clive Finkelstein Entities are represented in the squared cornered and attributes are not shown at all they are shown in a separate list called entity list Relationships like mandatory 1 and many can be represented Unique identifiers are not represented

8 Information Engineering model diagram

9 Barkers Notation Adopted by Oracle corporation for its CASE method Entities can be represented by round cornered rectangle Same entity can be represented for role an interaction or another kind of association Relationship names are prepositions and not verbs Unique identifiers can be represented by hash marks next to the attribute

10 Barkers Notation diagram

11 IDEFIX Notation It is a modeling technique that is used by many branches of the United States Federal government A relationship name is a verb IDEFIX shows subtypes as separate entity boxes IDEFIX permits multiple inheritance and multiple type hierarchies

12 IDEFIX diagram

13 UML UML is an object modeling technique It models object classes instead of entities In the object oriented world the relationships are called as associations Cardinality and optionality in UML is conveyed by characters or numbers Express in the form of more complex upper and lower limits UML introduces a small flag that includes text describing any business rules

14 UML diagram

15 XML Notation Describing data and interchanging structured and unstructured data on the Internet It is a universal language of data on web XML tags are used to create data structures XML documents have been widely used for interchanging data between heterogeneous systems.

16 XML notation An example of XML notation tions/modeling/xml.htm

17 X-Entity model Conceptual model of XML uses X entity model in order to represent additional features The entity can be denoted by E ({A1,….An},{R1,…Rm},{D1,….Dk}) Each attribute A is associated with a domain Dom(Ai) Which specifies its value set Cardinality is denoted by Card(Ai)=(min,max)

18 X entity model diagram

19 XUML XUML comprises the characteristics of XML and UML2. It is used to express the containment semantics more explicitly Supporting the concept of Business Components Specifying the data dependencies in multiple context

20 XUML diagram UML and XUML model of a book store

21 Comparison of data modeling techniques S.NoModeling Technique Peter ChenInformation Engineering IDEFIXRichard Barkers notation UML 1.Entitiessquared cornered and circles as attributes Squared cornered, attributes are not shown at all. Round or square cornered rectangle Round cornered rectangle Models object classes 2.RelationshipNouns. So the relationships can be represent as objects and has attributes VerbsVerb or verb phrase Preposition not verb Associations 3.Constraints between relationships Failed to represent the constraints directly exclusive or) Can represent Constraints exclusive or,inclusive Cannot represent Can represent Constraints exclusive or) Can represent Constraints exclusive or )

22 Comparison of Data modeling techniques S.NoModeling Technique Peter ChenInformation Engineering IDEFIXRichard Barkers notation UML 4.CardinalityMany to Many relationships can be represented between the entities without the associative entity Can representCan represent in different ways Can represent zero or more,atleast at least one up to many, up to one relationships express more complex upper limits, zero, 3, 6-7, or 9 5.Sub types/ Super Types Cannot represent the sub types and super type sub-types can be represented inside their super-type box Sub types can be represented as separate entity boxes separate from its super type. sub-types can be represented inside their super-type box Can represent 6.Unique Identifier Cannot represent Represented in the form of primary key Represented in the form of hash next to the attribute Can represent

23 Comparison of Data Modeling techniques S.NoModeling Technique Peter ChenInformation Engineering IDEFIXRichard Barkers notation UML 7.AggregationCannot represent Can represent only binary aggregations 8.Business Rules / Components Cannot Represent Can Represent

24 Comparison of Data Modeling techniques S.NoModeling Technique Peter ChenInformation Engineering IDEFIXRichard Barkers notation UML 9. Aesthetic Simplicity Score HighMediumLowHigh 10.Completenes s Score Lowmedium 11.Language Notation Score medium lowmediumHigh

25 Advantages of XUML XUML can express the containment semantics more accurately. Support the concept of Business Component. Can specify the data dependencies in multiple context.

26 Contd.. XUML is more expressive, precise and understandable. More rigorous and accurate.

27 Conclusion By comparing the aesthetic simplicity, completeness, language notation (relationship) Mr. Barker's notation is favorable for requirement analysis model XML is used in recent trends it follows a standard format for representing structured and semi structured data on web X-Entity model has the advantages of both XML schemas and extends the ER model so that it can explicitly represent important features of XML schemas The distinctive features of XUML made this technique of data modeling the latest trend for conceptual modeling of data.

28 References 1. Conceptual Modeling of XML schemas, Bernadette Farias Losio,Ana Carolina Salgado, Year: 2003,Publisher: ACM 2. XML conceptual modeling with XUML, HongXing Liu HuaZhong University of Science and Technology, P. R. China, YanSheng Lu HuaZhong University of Science and Technology, P. R. China,Qing Yang Wuhan Uni Pages: 973 – 976, Year of Publication: 2006, Publisher: ACM Press 3. PETER PIN-SHAN CHEN, The Entity Relationship Model- Toward a Unified View of Data, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, ACM Transactions on Data base System Volume1, Issue 1,Publisher-ACM 4. Data modeling in the understanding database course: adding UML and XML modeling to the traditional content. Journal of Computing Sciences in Colleges, Volume 17, Issue 5 (April 2002)

29 References 5. Data Modeling A comparison of Data Modeling,David C Hay,Essential Strategies Inc,October 1999.


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