Presentation on theme: "Persuasive Techniques Used in Writing"— Presentation transcript:
1Persuasive Techniques Used in Writing Or…how to get what you want!
2What are PERSUASIVE TECHNIQUES? Persuasive techniques are the strategies authors use to make their writing more convincing.Persuasive techniques:Get a reader’s attentionEmphasize a pointPolish the writing
3Why are we learning about Persuasive Techniques in English class? You might be asked to identify one or more of them on the AIMS Reading Test.You will be asked to identify one or more of them on the District Benchmark Exam.Identifying the techniques can help you judge the effectiveness of persuasive essays, editorials, and arguments.You can use these techniques in your own writing!
4ANALOGYDEFINITION: a comparison of similar ideas, often used to explain a complex situation by showing how it is like a simple oneEXAMPLE: Boot camp is like one long piano lesson: grueling, but ultimately rewarding.
5CAUSE AND EFFECTDEFINITION: This technique demonstrates that two or more things are connected by stating that one causes another.EXAMPLE: Many studies show that eating 200 carrots a day causes a person to become smarter.
6OVERSTATEMENT (hyperbole) DEFINITION: a deliberate exaggeration for emphasis or effectEXAMPLE: With a Herculean effort, straining every muscle in her young form, Jane answered the phone.
7REPETITIONDEFINITION: occurs when words are repeated in order to make a stronger impact on the readerEXAMPLE: The people of this city deserve a mayor they can trust, a mayor they can respect, a mayor they can count on.
8RHETORICAL QUESTIONDEFINITION: a question that prompts the reader to think, but which the writer does not answer because the answer is usually obvious to the readerEXAMPLE: Who among us has not dreamed of the day when we can soar among the clouds using only the power of our minds?
9SENTENCE VARIETYDEFINITION: occurs when the length and structure of sentences is varied in order to make certain statements stand out moreEXAMPLE: In high schools all over the country, students are being fed lunches that are neither tasty nor nutritious. This MUST stop!
10UNDERSTATEMENTDEFINITION: the deliberate expression of an ideas as less important than it actually isEXAMPLE: One passenger described the plane crash as “rather upsetting.”
11APPEAL TO REASON (a.k.a. rational appeal) DEFINITION: This is persuasive writing that appeals to the part of humans that likes to think. It tries to persuade us by giving what appear to be good, solid reasons to share the author’s point of view. It uses facts, definitions, cause and effect, etc.EXAMPLE: Many studies show that the most successful way for a student to improve his reading level is to READ!
12EMOTIONAL APPEALDEFINITION: This is when the writer appeals to powerful emotions, such as our love of country, family, peace, and justice, as well as to our fear and hatred of the things that threaten us.EXAMPLE: Students, if you truly care about your grades and your futures, you will earn your AR points!
13APPEAL TO AUTHORITYDEFINITION: This is when writers rely on their authority, credibility, or general character. They present themselves as trustworthy. They may have education or personal experience that makes them an authority, or they may get their information from others who do, mentioning experts as sources to lend credibility.EXAMPLE: The English 10 teachers know from experience that the most successful students are those who come to school every day, pay attention in class, and complete all class assignments like AR and Study Island.
14Now you try!Write down the 10 persuasive techniques on your whiteboard.Make a box next to each technique.Read the examples on the following slides.Make a check in the box that identifies the technique used for each example.
15Name that technique!Studies show that watching the History Channel will positively impact a student’s grade in World Studies.
16Cause and Effect! Why? What are your clues? You have a cause: Watching the History Channel.You have an effect: Positive impact on grades.
17Can you figure out this one? Haven’t you ever wanted to just kick back, relax, and watch some really bad TV?
18Rhetorical Question! What was your context clue? The question mark? No real answer expected!
19How about this one?We can learn from TV in the morning; we can learn from TV in the afternoon; we learn from TV in the evening.
27What’s this one?Watching your very favorite TV show with all of your friends can be mildly entertaining.
28Understatement! The clue? The word “mildly” is the biggest clue in this statement.
29And this one?Many parents use children’s TV as a babysitter, or worse, as a substitute mother or father. Instead of reading to their children, they plop them in front of the television. If we want to raise children’s reading levels, the TV must be turned off. Parents, don’t abdicate your job!
30Sentence Variety! What was your tip-off? Three long sentences. One short sentence.
31How about this one?Every elementary school principal in the state of Arizona agrees that watching too much television is detrimental to their students.
32Appeal to Authority! How did you know? The principal! (He’s an authority!)
33What’s this technique?Parents, if you truly love your children and care about their futures, you will turn off the TV and take them for a walk.