Presentation on theme: "Partners visit to Tallinn March 2012 Leonardo da Vinci project CULTURAL TREASURE HUNT Kultuuriline aardejaht (2010-2012) Text: Aleksandra Sardi (Croatia)"— Presentation transcript:
Partners visit to Tallinn March 2012 Leonardo da Vinci project CULTURAL TREASURE HUNT Kultuuriline aardejaht ( ) Text: Aleksandra Sardi (Croatia) Photos: Aleksandra Sardi and Leonid Smulskiy (Estonia)
TallinEstonia O NE OF NORTHERN E UROPE ' S MOST BEAUTIFUL AND BEST - PRESERVED MEDIEVAL TOWNS. T ALLINN BOASTS MYRIAD CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS AND HISTORICAL SIGHTS, BUT RETAINS AN ABSORBING INTIMACY AND IS EASY TO EXPLORE ON FOOT. Pikk Hermann Tower. Built in 1227
In 1285 Tallin (then Reval) became a member of the Hanseatic League - an economic alliance of trading cities and their merchant guilds that dominated trade along the coast of Northern Europe (c. 13th–17th centuries). The members of the Hanseatic League were Low German merchants and the League was created to protect commercial interests and privileges granted by foreign rulers in cities and countries the merchants visited Fun Fact: Fun Fact: The legacy of the Hansa is remembered today in several names, for example the German airline Lufthansa (i.e., 'Air Hansa'), Starting with trade in coarse woolen fabrics, the League expended to trading timber, furs, resin (or tar), flax, honey, wheat, salt, rye and cloth Hansa ship Adler von Lübeck the world's largest ship at its time
German colonists in the 12th and 13th centuries settled in numerous cities on and near the east Baltic coast, such as Elbing (Elbląg), Thorn (Toruń), Reval (Tallinn), Riga, and Dorpat (Tartu), which became members of the Hanseatic League, and some of which still retain many Hansa buildings and bear the style of their Hanseatic days Pharmacy in operation since 1422
The largely pedestrianized Old Town (Vanalinn) is Tallinn's heart. An enjoyable, atmospheric and ultimately addictive jumble of medieval churches, striking cobblestone alleyways, slender steeples, barrel-shaped towers and gabled merchants' houses,... it was once enclosed by medieval walls, of which significant stretches still survive. Its street plan is a confusion of curving streets and interconnecting passageways. XIV city century gate
Town Hall Square (Raekoja Plats) This historic square has served as a marketplace since the XI century and features a pharmacy that has been operating since 1422.
Fat Margaret It is a round cannon tower, with 155 loopholes, a diameter of 25m & a height of about 20m. It got its name from the fact that it was indeed the stoutest tower in the city wall. T HE TOWERING AND OUTSTANDINGLY WELL PRESERVED LIMESTONE WALLS THAT SURROUND 80% OF THE OLD TOWN ARE A REAL SIGHT TO BEHOLD. Maiden TowerMaiden Tower was built in the XIV Century - together with the city wall. At one pint it was used as a prison for prostitutes Through history, the cannon tower has also served as a storehouse for gunpowder and weapons, and as a prison.
The Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church makes its home in a curious, little, Medieval building, complete with crooked façade and improbably tiny windows. In addition to being a place of worship it is also a toy & a printing shop that is cleverly hidden in a narrow lane street that follows the old city wall.
KUMU The new residence of the Art Museum of Estonia, KUMU (Kunstimuuseum, Art Museum), was built in It has an encyclopedic collection of Estonian Art Tallin Opera House
Kings don't usually live in cottages - they tend to favor vast palaces dripping gold and crystal and possessed of more bathrooms than any one person could ever humanly use – but NOT if you suffer from Agoraphobia (fear of wide-open spaces) This humble structure is where Peter the Great and Catherine I stayed during visits to Tallinn in the early 18th century. He had several such homes across the Russian empire
Peter the Great Height: 2m 14cm Shoe size: 37 !!! + + Had to use walking sticks for stability Birth of Nordic Walking = Peter the Great, Peter I or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov In numerous successful wars he expanded the Tsardom into a huge empire that became a major European power. He led a cultural revolution that replaced the traditionalist and medieval social and political system with a modern, scientific, Europe-oriented and rationalist system. Filippo Baltari, a young Italian visitor to Peter's court, wrote: "Tsar Peter was tall and thin, rather than stout.... For his great height, his feet seemed very narrow. His head was sometimes tugged to the right by convulsions."
While visiting Fredrick Ruysch (a Dutch botanist and anatomist), Peter the Great witnessed an autopsy and was convinced that if he laid flat on his back the stomach juices will travel up the esophagus and cause major damage to his health…. so for the rest of his life he slept sitting up !!! A: Q : How did a very tall man sleep in such a small bed? In 1697 Frederik Ruysch saw the Tsars keen interest in science, therefore he taught him how to catch butterflies preserve them. Together they went to see patients, and Ruysch taught him how to draw teeth. Peter the Great was then convinced that he was a dentist and would extract peoples teeth at random!!! In 1717, during his second visit, Ruysch sold his Repository of Curiosities" to Peter the Great that included the secret of the liquor and tobacco – thus the hard liquor was introduced to Russia. However their bodies were not able to break down ingested alcohol completely since their liver lacks the genetically coded enzyme that performs this function. A condition called erythema - reddening caused by dilation of capillaries of the face, neck, and shoulder, after consumption of alcohol was - commenced as well.
Peter's visits to the West impressed upon him the notion that European customs were in several respects superior to Russian traditions. He commanded all of his courtiers and officials, the Boyars, to cut off their long beards and cut short the long sleeves which were the fashion among them (the sleeves sometimes swept the floor). a Boyars who sought to retain their beards were required to pay an annual beard tax of one hundred rubles. He was especially fascinated by shipyards and factories. He realized that the military might of the west was due to its technological advancement and manufacturing capabilities, therefore he studied shipbuilding in Zaandam and Amsterdam. He was given the opportunity to gain practical experience in the largest shipyard in the world that belonged to the Dutch east India Co. When he returned to Russia, he was determined to advance his own country in a similar direction and put his learning to use in helping build Russians navy
Oops … 3000 fathoms / 350 cables here or there – shouldnt make too much of a difference – all routs lead to Rome anyway Not a very correct sea route Fathom: 6 feet. Man's arm span, finger tip to finger tip. Cable :120 fathoms Nautical mile:1852 m/ 10 cables / 6080 feet
In Soviet times it was rumored that the KGB had files on everyone (employees and guests) and that they operated in the Viru Hotel. Later the rumor turned out to be true. Those intrigued by the city's secret history can now take the guided tour at the KGB Museum on the 23rd floor of Sokos Hotel Viru