Presentation on theme: "Requirements Fit into accelerator geometry. Angular acceptance 4. Frequency of events detection 10 4 Hz. Events mean multiplicity 600. Momentum resolution."— Presentation transcript:
Requirements Fit into accelerator geometry. Angular acceptance 4. Frequency of events detection 10 4 Hz. Events mean multiplicity 600. Momentum resolution of charged particles < 1%. Detection of γ. Detection of short-lived (charm) particles is not required.
Concept of detector 3,5 м 4,5 м А м А 3 8. Electromagnetic and hadron calorimeters. 9. Muons detector. 10. Accelerator chamber. 11. Collider beam. The setup is symmetric respect the plane A-A. The right part of the setup is not shown. Setup overall dimensions are: along the beam 7 m, diameter – 4.5 m. 1.Beams intercept point. 2.Silicon vertex detector. 3. Toroidal magnet with drift tubes trekker. 4. Toroidal magnet coil (8 coils). 5. Multiplicity detector, electromagnetic and hadron calorimeters, TOF system (RPC). 6. Accelerator quad. 7. Multiplicity detector and TOF system (RPC).
Setup main parameters ModuleElement dimension or pitch. Channel number, thousand. Silicon vertex detector.0.2 – 0.5 mm50 Drift tubes tracker.6 mm25 Toroidal magnet. 2 m 2.5 m - Barrel EM and hadron calorimeters cm 2 15 Barrel Time of flight system (TOF, RPC) cm 2 12 Wall TOF (RPC) cm 2 32 Wall EM and hadron calorimeters cm 2 40 Muon drift tubes detector.5 cm0.5
Distinctive feature of particles detection and identification. 1. Silicon vertex detector pitch is chosen to be 0.2 – 0.5 mm which is 10 times higher then technologically possible now. This choice provides 10 times chipper device. Coordinate accuracy 0.1 mm of single measurement is quite sufficient for hyperons detection and reconstruction of events with multiplicity Rotation of particle with momentum 2 GeV/c in magnetic spectrometer is 60 mrad. It is to be compared with angle of multiple scattering in drift tubes tracker – 0.4 mrad. Momentum resolution is estimated to be 0.6%. 3. High demand is shown to accuracy of TOF measurement. Difference of TOF of electron and pion with momentum 0.5 GeV/c (decay of and mesons) on basis of 1.5 m is 400 ps. TOF system must have resolution 50 – 80 ps. (RPC).
Distinctive feature of particles detection and identification. 4. Electromagnetic calorimeter with shower maximum detection may drastically improve capability of electron – hadron separation.
The paramount important parameters of present research are energy density and temperature of hadronic matter. These values are determined by primary energy of nuclei and its impact parameter. An another independent way to control thermodynamic state of system is to select events with predetermined multiplicity of secondary products. Technical way to achieve this goal is implement effective high multiplicity trigger sensitive both to charged and neutral secondary. The domain of very high multiplicity z > 4, z=n/ was not yet studied (VHM) nether in NN nor in AA collisions. The higher is multiplicity the higher is energy dissipation, higher is achievable density and deeper is thermalization process. Near the threshold of reaction all particles get small relative momentum. The kinetic energy approaches to potential one what is necessary condition for onset of phase transitions. In thermalized cold and dense hadronic gas as consequence of multiboson interference a number of collective effects may show up.
Comparison of longitudinal and transverse momenta behavior in c.m.s. pp 70 GeV p x p z Manifestation of transverse flow ? Complete thermalization? Manifestation of longitudinal flow ?
Multiplicity distribution in Pb+Pb interactions at E lab =160 A Gev as measured by WA98 setup at CERN
One can extrapolate data to 6 order of magnitude down and presumably reach multiplicity 840. One can speculate to reach a new mechanism of hadronization and a new fashion of phase transitions. Since we are plane to collect central events per year we may get very exotic and possibly unusual events.
Cost and manpower estimate.
Lay-out of the SVD setup at U Scheme of the SVD installation at U С1, С2 -beam scintillation and Si- hodoscope; С3, С4 - target station and vertex Si-detector; 1, 2, 3-the drift tubes track system; 4 - magnetic spectrometer proportional chambers; 5- threshold Cherenkov counter; 6 - scintillation hodoscope; 7 - electromagnetic calorimeter.}
Silicon micro strip vertex detector. An exsample of foil targets imaging. 4 mm
Silicon micro strip vertex detector. An exsample of pC interaction event. 28 charged tracks
Silicon vertex detector 40 cm
Module of drift tubes tracker. 1 m
Assembly od drift tubes tracker.
Charm particle D 0 detection pC D 0 X, 70 GeV.
Search for pentaquark +, K_0 found in magnetic spectrometer Total statistics: Signal=392, Backg=1990. Significance=8σ.
Cost and manpower of two components of SVD setup at U-70. Silicon vertex detector channels. Designed and implemented 1999 – 2002, Selenograd and MSU. Cost: 250 th. $. Manpower: 4 persons. Cost per channel: 25 $. Drift tubes tracker channels. Designed and implemented 2003 – 2005, PPL JINR. Cost: 55 th. $. Manpower: 4 persons with 30% occupancy. Cost per channel: 22 $.
Cost estimate. Element, workMaterials and equipment, M$ Workshop, Men-power, M$ Silicon vertex detector.1.3 (1.2)1.2 Drift tubes tracker. 2.1 (0.45)0.7 Toroidal magnet Barrel EM and hadron calorimeters Barrel Time of flight system (TOF, RPC) Wall TOF (RPC) Wall EM and hadron calorimeters Muon drift tubes detector Data acquisition system Software development Total * As estimated from SVD (U-70)
Some experts remarks. Peter Senger. 1. Do not build TRD -- Agree. 2. Do not build Silicon vertex detector. – Interesting idea to think about. 3. Do not build calorimeters -- Agree do not build hadron calorimeters. But EM calorimeters are very important. 4. Detailed feasibility studies have not been made and will take years. -- Disagree. 5. The time for realization is strongly underestimated. -- Disagree. N.Xu. 1. A pair of ZDC are needed.-- Not sure. Need to think. 2. Take a staged approach of detector construction. -- Agree. Good idea.
We are optimistic and looking forward to see NICA operation.