Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 1 Northern and Western Europe Section 1: The British Isles Section 2: France Section 3: The Benelux.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 1 Northern and Western Europe Section 1: The British Isles Section 2: France Section 3: The Benelux."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 1 Northern and Western Europe Section 1: The British Isles Section 2: France Section 3: The Benelux Countries Section 4: Scandinavia CHAPTER 14

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 2 Objectives: How has history affected the culture of the British Isles? How has history affected the culture of the British Isles? Why are the cultures of Ireland and the United Kingdom similar? Why are the cultures of Ireland and the United Kingdom similar? How has the British economy changed over the last 200 years? How has the British economy changed over the last 200 years? What issue has caused tension in Northern Ireland? What issue has caused tension in Northern Ireland? Section 1 The British Isles

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 3 A. Effects of history on the culture 1. 5,000 years ago, earliest settlers, Stonehenge. 2. Later, Celtsthe ancestors of Scots, Welsh, and Irish occupied England. 3. Romans arrived and built towns. 4. Angles and Saxons came, drove Celts to highland Britain. 5. Vikings raided and built coastal settlements. 6. Norman conquest of 1066 brought French influence. I. The British Isles

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 4 B. Similarities of Ireland and the United Kingdom: 1.Social life centers on local eateries. 2. Same Sports: soccer, rugby, and cricket 3. English is main language. I. The British Isles

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 5 C. Changes in the British economy: 1. Britain industrialized in early 1800s. 2. It dominated global trade through much of the 1800s. 3. By 1900 Britain had lost its dominance; mines and industries declined. 4. Britain nationalized many industries after World War II; then privatized again. 5. Today the economy is strong: high tech industries, oil and gas, services, tourism. I. The British Isles

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 6 D. Tensions in Northern Ireland: 1. Division between Protestants and Catholics has brought violence. 2. Britain has tried to keep peace agreement set up shared government, but future is unclear. I. The British Isles

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 7 Objectives: What is French culture like? What is French culture like? What are some of the main industries in France? What are some of the main industries in France? What challenges does France face today? What challenges does France face today? Section 2 France

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 8 Features of French culture: strong identity united by language and religion strong identity united by language and religion mainly Roman Catholic mainly Roman Catholic concern about American influence concern about American influence strong desire to preserve customs strong desire to preserve customs Section 2 France

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 9 Major industries: fashion design fashion design perfume and cosmetics perfume and cosmetics jewelry, glassware, furniture jewelry, glassware, furniture tourism tourism high-techaviation, communications, space technology high-techaviation, communications, space technology Section 2 France

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 10 Challenges: privatizationconverting state-owned businesses brings unemployment privatizationconverting state-owned businesses brings unemployment immigrationintegrating migrants from North Africa, Asia, West Africa immigrationintegrating migrants from North Africa, Asia, West Africa colonial empiremaintaining ties without unrest or violence colonial empiremaintaining ties without unrest or violence Section 2 France

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 11 Objectives: What historical ties do the Benelux countries share? What historical ties do the Benelux countries share? What are the cities and economies of the Benelux countries like? What are the cities and economies of the Benelux countries like? Section 3 The Benelux Countries

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 12 Historical ties: once part of the Netherlands once part of the Netherlands invaded by foreign powers invaded by foreign powers political and economic union after World War II political and economic union after World War II Section 3 The Benelux Countries

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 13 Cities and economy of Belgium Brusselscosmopolitan capital; headquarters of EU, NATO Brusselscosmopolitan capital; headquarters of EU, NATO Antwerpsecond city of Belgium; key port Antwerpsecond city of Belgium; key port industry, agriculture, services for international business industry, agriculture, services for international business Section 3 The Benelux Countries

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 14 Cities and economy of the Netherlands: diversified economyagriculture (dairy, flowers), exports, natural gas diversified economyagriculture (dairy, flowers), exports, natural gas urbanized area (Randstad) includes major cities Amsterdam (capital), Rotterdam (key port), The Hague (Parliament, International Court of Justice) urbanized area (Randstad) includes major cities Amsterdam (capital), Rotterdam (key port), The Hague (Parliament, International Court of Justice) Section 3 The Benelux Countries

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 15 Economy of Luxembourg: highest per capita GDP in world$36,400 highest per capita GDP in world$36,400 traditional steel producer; international banking now more important traditional steel producer; international banking now more important Section 3 The Benelux Countries

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 16 Objectives: How are the cultures of Scandinavia similar to and different from each other? How are the cultures of Scandinavia similar to and different from each other? What does the economy of this region rely on? What does the economy of this region rely on? In what areas do most people in Scandinavia live? In what areas do most people in Scandinavia live? II. Scandinavia

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 17 A. Scandinavian cultures: Similarities Similarities religionmainly Protestant Lutheran religionmainly Protestant Lutheran most languages related most languages related democratic governments democratic governments Differences Differences Finnish language not related to others Finnish language not related to others Lapps a distinct culture Lapps a distinct culture Section 4 Scandinavia

18 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 18 Economic foundations: high-tech industries and export-oriented economies high-tech industries and export-oriented economies commercial agriculture in Denmark commercial agriculture in Denmark forest products in Sweden forest products in Sweden fishing in Iceland and Norway fishing in Iceland and Norway offshore oil and gas in Norway offshore oil and gas in Norway Section 4 Scandinavia

19 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 19 Settlement patterns: Most people live in southern parts of countries, where climate is warmer. Most people live in southern parts of countries, where climate is warmer. 85 percent of Swedes live in cities. 85 percent of Swedes live in cities. One-fourth of Danes and Norwegians live in or around capital cities. One-fourth of Danes and Norwegians live in or around capital cities. Most Finns live near Helsinki. Most Finns live near Helsinki. People in Greenland and Iceland live near coast. People in Greenland and Iceland live near coast. Section 4 Scandinavia


Download ppt "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON World Geography Today HOLT 1 Northern and Western Europe Section 1: The British Isles Section 2: France Section 3: The Benelux."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google