Presentation on theme: "Northern and Western Europe"— Presentation transcript:
1Northern and Western Europe World Geography Today3/31/2017CHAPTER 14Northern and Western EuropeSection 1: The British IslesSection 2: FranceSection 3: The Benelux CountriesSection 4: ScandinaviaChapter 14
2Objectives: Section 1 The British Isles How has history affected the culture of the British Isles?Why are the cultures of Ireland and the United Kingdom similar?How has the British economy changed over the last 200 years?What issue has caused tension in Northern Ireland?
3A. Effects of history on the culture I. The British IslesA. Effects of history on the culture1. 5,000 years ago, earliest settlers, Stonehenge.2. Later, Celts—the ancestors of Scots, Welsh, and Irish—occupied England.3. Romans arrived and built towns.4. Angles and Saxons came, drove Celts to highland Britain.5. Vikings raided and built coastal settlements.6. Norman conquest of 1066 brought French influence.
4B. Similarities of Ireland and the United Kingdom: I. The British IslesB. Similarities of Ireland and the United Kingdom:1.Social life centers on local eateries.2. Same Sports: soccer, rugby, and cricket3. English is main language.
5C. Changes in the British economy: I. The British IslesC. Changes in the British economy:1. Britain industrialized in early 1800s.2. It dominated global trade through much of the 1800s.3. By 1900 Britain had lost its dominance; mines and industries declined.4. Britain nationalized many industries after World War II; then privatized again.5. Today the economy is strong: high tech industries, oil and gas, services, tourism.
6D. Tensions in Northern Ireland: I. The British IslesD. Tensions in Northern Ireland:1. Division between Protestants and Catholics has brought violence.2. Britain has tried to keep peace.agreement set up shared government, but future is unclear.
7Objectives: Section 2 France What is French culture like? What are some of the main industries in France?What challenges does France face today?
8Features of French culture: Section 2 FranceFeatures of French culture:strong identity united by language and religionmainly Roman Catholicconcern about American influencestrong desire to preserve customs
9Major industries: Section 2 France fashion design perfume and cosmeticsjewelry, glassware, furnituretourismhigh-tech—aviation, communications, space technology
10Challenges: Section 2 France privatization—converting state-owned businesses brings unemploymentimmigration—integrating migrants from North Africa, Asia, West Africacolonial empire—maintaining ties without unrest or violence
11Objectives: Section 3 The Benelux Countries What historical ties do the Benelux countries share?What are the cities and economies of the Benelux countries like?
12Historical ties: Section 3 The Benelux Countries once part of the Netherlandsinvaded by foreign powerspolitical and economic union after World War II
13Cities and economy of Belgium Section The Benelux CountriesCities and economy of BelgiumBrussels—cosmopolitan capital; headquarters of EU, NATOAntwerp—second city of Belgium; key portindustry, agriculture, services for international business
14Cities and economy of the Netherlands: Section The Benelux CountriesCities and economy of the Netherlands:diversified economy—agriculture (dairy, flowers), exports, natural gasurbanized area (Randstad) includes major cities—Amsterdam (capital), Rotterdam (key port), The Hague (Parliament, International Court of Justice)
15Economy of Luxembourg: Section The Benelux CountriesEconomy of Luxembourg:highest per capita GDP in world—$36,400traditional steel producer; international banking now more important
16Objectives: II. Scandinavia How are the cultures of Scandinavia similar to and different from each other?What does the economy of this region rely on?In what areas do most people in Scandinavia live?
17A. Scandinavian cultures: Section 4 ScandinaviaA. Scandinavian cultures:Similaritiesreligion—mainly Protestant Lutheranmost languages relateddemocratic governmentsDifferencesFinnish language not related to othersLapps a distinct culture
18Economic foundations: Section 4 ScandinaviaEconomic foundations:high-tech industries and export-oriented economiescommercial agriculture in Denmarkforest products in Swedenfishing in Iceland and Norwayoffshore oil and gas in Norway
19Settlement patterns: Section 4 Scandinavia Most people live in southern parts of countries, where climate is warmer.85 percent of Swedes live in cities.One-fourth of Danes and Norwegians live in or around capital cities.Most Finns live near Helsinki.People in Greenland and Iceland live near coast.