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The Great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940).

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Presentation on theme: "The Great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzgerald ( )

2 1920s Background Info World War I ends – 1918 –America is a stronger, more powerful nation After the war – people are full of energy People had been repressed because of a bad economy –$$ saved for possible hard times because of the war Protest & Violence followed the end of the war

3 Prohibition ( ) Restricted sale & Use of liquor Originally to abolish saloons –Thought to be immoral & dangerous to society Bootleggers –People who made & sold liquor illegally –Often ran drugstores & other front businesses in order to sell liquor

4 The Roaring Twenties Carefree time of wild parties, illegal drinking & extravagant lifestyles –Young people of America embraced Time of change in fashion & music –The Jazz Age –Flappers

5 Flappers Described young girls in the US & Britain who were ideally lovely, expensive & about 19 Defined as giddy, attractive and slightly unconventional…inclined to revolt against the precepts (rules)…of her elders Nearly a generation of men died in WWI –Women were not willing to waste away their youth waiting for spinsterhood –Decided to enjoy life New Trends –No corsets –Bobbed hair –Makeup

6 1920s Literature Showed a mood of rebellion with alarming topics More freedom of language & descriptions New & freer attitudes toward the representation of sex

7 F. Scott Fitzgerald Born (1896) in St. Paul, Minnesota Studied for 4 –Wanted to play football but didnt make the team –Developed a drinking problem - flunked out –A girl did not like him because he was poor (huge influence) Did not graduate – joined the Army –Met & married Zelda Sayre - rich, Southern Belle –Zelda - Fitzgeralds muse

8 Fitzgeralds Outlook Father was fired and a failure in business –Caused obsession with success/money Used his talent for writing to produce plays for school so he could cast people he wanted as friends

9 Fitzgeralds Writing This Side of Paradise (1920) - describes among the glittering, bored and disillusioned –Novel was an overnight success –Fitzgerald known as King of the Jazz Age

10 The Great Gatsby Published in 1925 Critical success Sales were disappointing

11 Gatsby Characters Tom: dictator/bully Daisy: clinging vine Myrtle: clinging vine/weakling Gatsby: calculator Nick: nice guy/protector George: nice guy/protector Jordan: calculator

12 Theme(s) Corruption of the American Dream –Defined as the idea that in America one might hope to satisfy every material desire & thereby achieve happiness –Fitzgerald believed this to be deceptive How can the goal of all you desire be something you can attain? desire = material possessions = dissatisfaction –One can end up with great wealth & stuff and be quite empty

13 More Theme(s) Old $$ v. New $$ Prosperity, Material Excess, Bootlegging v. Discovery, Individualism, Pursuit of Happiness

14 Even More Theme(s) Sight/Insight –Many images of blindness –No one seems to really know whats going on Meaning of the Past –Gatsby & Nick hold on to a simpler, nobler time when family & church meant something Illusion v. Reality

15 Color Symbol(s) Gray - death, lifelessness (people & land) Green - money (light at end of Daisys peer), Gatsbys goal Blue: dream (eyes of Dr. Eckleburg-reps. sightlessness) White: corruption is underneath-wedding cake, Daisys and Jordons clothes(airiness and fairylike)

16 More Color Symbol(s) Darks & Lights: Gatsbys world is deceptive Gold or Yellow: wealth, materialism Red: violence/violent death Pink: violence underneath

17 Other Symbols Valley of Ashes: The Wasteland T.S. Eliot –Explores the heart of things –Purgatory –Moral & Social Wasteland Daisy: wealth, position, status, golden girl Dr. Eckleburgs Eyes (billboard): capitalistic profit (He is the god of the Wasteland)

18 Even More Other Symbols Ashes: gray, lifeless, wasteland, death, True Reality Apartment: on outside, a beautiful wedding cake; inside, corruption, greed & selfishness Gatsbys house (white), Garden (blue), Chauffers uniform (blue) The Green Light (Buchanans Dock) –Positive & Negative aspects of the color Opportunity v. Greed

19 Still More Other Symbols Buchanans house: red & white/carpet crimson Nicks boats: red & gold (dream stained by violence) Myrtle: wears brown in Valley of Ashes, changes to Ecru/Cream dresses: becomes unreal & someone else Sunday: day of worship where people party (un-God-like)

20 The Eggs West Egg –Modeled after Long Island –Known for affluence & high quality of life –Represents old wealth –Those who HAVE East Egg –Less fashionable than the West Egg –New wealth –Wealth most likely acquired by ruthless (read: illegal) means –Those who HAVE NOT

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