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Calculation of Minimum Field Infection Rates (MFIR) and Maximum Likelihood Estimate (MLE) Lisa Reed, Ph.D Center for Vector Biology Rutgers University 21 April 2011

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology What is in this talk? What is an MFIR? History How do we calculate MFIR? Getting data from ESRI Formulas and Pivot Table in Excel Calculating MFIR What is MLE Using Excel add-in to calculate MLEs Demos Which is best? AP photo

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Minimum Field Infection Rate Female mosquitoes are live-collected from traps, and grouped by species into vials Each vial may contain up to a certain number of mosquitoes –50 or 75 –100 Pools are evaluated for virus (RT-PCR) and given a positive or negative result. Positive pools are counted, divided by all mosquitoes making up all pools evaluated and multiplied by 1000 Total number of positive pools Total Number of mosquitoes (positive and negative pools) *1000

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Number of infected mosquitoes per 1000 It represents the MINIMUM number Each pool acts like a single infected mosquito A pool can have 30 out of 50 infected but will still only contribute 1 to the rate =66.67 = =33.34

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology MFIR History First mention in Proceedings of MFIR values came in 1974 Complicated process to determine arbovirus presence –Grown in culture Cell culture (Vero) Plaque Assay Baby mice, chicks or hamsters –Tested using hemagglutination, fluorescent antibody Not computerized Our understanding of the epidemiology of EEE and other arboviruses were becoming known.

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Getting Your Data Download data from Department of Health site. –Use the correct variables Put the data in the correct form –Using formulas in Excel –Use pivot tables in Excel Apply the formula for MFIR

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Getting Data from the Health Department Go to and log in.www.state.nj.us Click on West Nile Virus Surveillance Go To Mosquito>Reports and Maps>Extract Mosquito Data

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Getting Data Select the appropriate dates

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Picking Columns is Critical Lots of columns to choose. Choosing ALL of them can create a HUGE and possibly incomplete data file. There are certain columns you need for calculating infection rates (16): –First 6 USI, SUBUSI, PHELMPID, DATECOLL, SPECIES, MOSCOUNT –RESULT, SITENAME, SURVTYPE, LAT, LON, COUNTY, FINSTAT, EEEFINAL, LABNAME, PATHOGEN

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Extracted Data

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Save Data Dump file

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Saving to CSV file

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology In Excel

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Format/Calculate Variables Formulas: –A formula in Excel starts with = or + sign –A formula in Excel refers to another variable (generally) Week Number formula: –+weeknum(date) –Pull on bottom corner to fill column with formula (double click) Substitute Aedes for Ochlerotatus

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Preserving Your Changes Copy the column with the formula (highlight and right-mouse click) Paste as Values Hit Save

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Using Pivot Tables to Get the Information You Want Pivot Tables Sorts and Manipulates Data in a Summary Fashion Uses a Layout Wizard to Make Your Choices Easier

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Pivot Table 1 Highlight Data (hold down shift key and arrow down, then arrow across) INSERT Pivot Table

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Pivot 2 A new sheet is created Can be modified Lists variables in your dataset Has place for column, row, value and filter What do these mean?

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Drag Variables to Label, Value and Filters Drag Species to Row Labels and it will place the species names, one to each row Drag Results to Column Label Drag Pathogen to Filter Drag Moscount to Values

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Drag Moscount to Values twice We need both the total number (sums) of mosquitoes tested AND number of pools (counts) Change the values by clicking on moscount down arrow to change value to sums

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology

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Copy Pivot Table to New Sheet Use Paste Special Use Values

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Get Rid of Unnecessary Columns Click on column header and control key to select columns Delete

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Calculate MFIR Add formula to adjacent column –(Pos pools)/(Total Mosquitoes) * 1000 Fill in formula to end, format if you wish

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Your MFIR values You can add different variables (such as type of trap, months, township) if you are interested in more precise information You can use data from different time periods You can use this data to justify your actions DEMO

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology MLE History Maximum Likelihood Estimate Statistical term that takes into account POOL SIZE Not easy to hand calculate Download Excel add-in from CDC: –http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/software.htmhttp://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/software.htm Calculates MLE, an adjusted MLE, MFIR and confidence intervals relevant to MLE. MLEs are more accurate when the infection rate is higher or when pool size is large because there is more of a likelihood that a pool will have more than one infected mosquito.

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Adding an Add-in to Excel

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology Open a downloaded dataset Find your variables Sort on Result – delete zero rows. Add and column next to Result Change Result to a number using a formula: –+if((result)= Neg,0,1)

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology The Add-in

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology

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Caution! Sort on the results column and delete any values not Neg or Pos. Sort on pathogen column and delete any pathogens not the one you want to look at.

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology The Result on a New Sheet Demo

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Questions? Lisa Reed, Ph.D Center for Vector Biology Rutgers University 21 April 2011

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Rutgers University - Center for Vector Biology

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