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20th Century American Music The 1970s

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1 20th Century American Music The 1970s
E.J. Russell Elementary School 5th Grade Music Mrs. Sandor

2 LAUNDRY LIST 1. Melody 2. Harmony 3. Rhythm 4. Form 5. Style 6. Mood 7. Timbre: Instrumentation / Vocal 8. Tempo 9. Dynamics Elements of Music

3 LAUNDRY LIST Melody: A logical succession of musical tones, also called the tune. Harmony: Combination of musical notes sounded at the same time. Rhythm: The patterns of sounds & silences. Form: The overall plan of a piece of music.

4 LAUNDRY LIST Style: unique way in which the elements of melody, rhythm, timbre, texture, harmony and form are handled to create a special “sound.” Mood: state of mind or emotion that is relayed in composed music. Timbre: Tone color, the unique quality produced by a voice or instrument. Tempo: Speed of beat Form: The structure of a musical composition.

5 LAUNDRY LIST Dynamics: The volume of sound, the loudness, or softness of a musical passage; intensity, power.

6 1970s - HISTORY The 1960s and early 1970s were times of great civil unrest and change. Americans took on the issues of civil rights, the Vietnam War, women's rights, and the environment. Like the Civil War and the Great Depression, the process of social change during this period produced a number of songs, many of which remain popular today. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg

7 1970s – SOCIAL ISSUES Social Issues: During the 1960s and early 1970s, there was a rising tide of protest against America's involvement in the Vietnam War. Unlike the popular support for participation in World War II, many Americans felt that the struggle in Vietnam was internal and best left to the Vietnamese to decide. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg

8 1970s – SOCIAL ISSUES Social movements, particularly the anti-war movement, were highly visible on college and university campuses. Mandatory busing to achieve racial school integration, particularly in Boston and other Northeastern cities, often led to violence and a disruption of the educational process. Source:

9 1970s – SOCIAL ISSUES Many "radical" ideas of the 1960s gained wider acceptance in the 1970s. They became a part of American life and culture. American culture flourished. The events of the times were reflected in and became the inspiration for much of the music, literature, entertainment, and even fashion of the decade. Source:

10 1970s – SOCIAL ISSUES One change that made a huge impact on 1970s culture was the growth of women’s rights. As the ‘60s became the ‘70s, women were making their way out of the kitchen and into the workplace. Source:

11 1970s - FACTS In the 1960s, the Life expectancy (how long people were expected to live) was 67.1 years for men, and years for women. (To compare, in 2010, the life expectancy for women is 81.1, and 76.2 for men). Source: American Cultural History, Lonestar College

12 1970s - FACTS The average salary in the 1970s was $7,564 (compared to $4,743 in the 1950s and $2,992 in the 1950s.) On April 22, 1970, the first "Earth Day" was celebrated as the environmental movement launched. Source:

13 1970s – ART Art in the 1970s showed a slowing and refinement of some of the avant-garde trends that developed in the 1960s. Earth art was a movement that combined environmental and minimalist ideas on a large scale. Pop are was still produced by artists such as Andy Warhol. Source:

14 Earth Art: “Spiral Hill” by Robert Smithson
1970s –ART Earth Art: “Spiral Hill” by Robert Smithson Andy Warhol “Pop Art” Source: aboutandy/biography/factoryyears/ / Source:

15 1970s – LITERATURE Literature reflected what was happening in society, and man seeking meaning in the contemporary world. Popular books included “Jonathan Livingston Seagull” by Richard Bach, a fable about a seagull learning about life and flight. “I’m Ok, You’re Ok” by Dr. Thomas A. Harris was one of the best selling self-help books ever published Source: Jonathan_ Livingston_Seagull ,

16 1970s – TV AND MOVIES Most TV shows and movies in the 1970s could be watched by the entire family. Some of the best shows of the 1970s were sitcoms, such as: The Brady Bunch, The Partridge Family, Sanford and Son, Mary Tyler Moore Show, Happy Days, Laverne and Shirley, Welcome Back Kotter, Mork and Mindy. Source:

17 1970s – TV AND MOVIES 1970s TV also included dramas, police shows, and Westerns. Some of the most popular movies were: American Graffiti (1973 George Lucas film), and Jaws (1975), Rocky (1976), Star Wars (1977). Source:

18 1970s – SPACE RACE Apollo 17, the last manned craft to the moon, brought back 250 samples of rock and soil. Unmanned space probes explored the moon, Jupiter, Mars, Saturn, Uranus, and Venus. The U.S. Apollo 18 and the USSR's Soyuz 19 linked up in space to conduct joint experiments. Source:

19 1970s – TECHNOLOGY The floppy disc appeared in 1970, and the next year Intel introduced the microprocessor, the "computer on a chip.“ The invention of the videocassette recorder (VCR) changed home entertainment forever. Source: and

20 1970s – TECHNOLOGY Jumbo jets revolutionized commercial flight, doubling passenger capacity and increasing flight range to 6,000 miles. Other important 1970s inventions or innovations included: (1971), first retail barcode scanned (1974), the laser printer (1971), and the first space lab (USA Skylab, 1973). The electronic book was invented in 1971, eventually resulting in Project Gutenberg, the largest collection of online books. Source:

21 1970s – TECHNOLOGY When technology entered the picture in the 1970s, it also affected the way people spent their leisure time. Americans of all ages were awed by new-fangled video games that first appeared at arcades and then the house, hooked up to the family television. If you had an Atari game and/or one of those new home computers, like the TRS-80 from Radio Shack, you were cool! Source:

22 1970s – TECHNOLOGY Pong (marketed as PONG) is one of the earliest arcade video games, and is a tennis sports game featuring simple 2-dimensional graphics. Source: Pong (marketed as PONG) is one of the earliest arcade video games, and is a tennis sports game featuring simple two-dimensional graphics Pong (marketed as PONG) is one of the earliest arcade video games, and is a tennis sports game featuring simple two-dimensional graphics

23 1970s – MUSIC Music was also a huge part of 1970s culture. The Rock and Roll genre that took the ‘60s by storm continued to grow and had a great influence on the youth of the decade. The classic rock music of the 1970s was ushered in by the break up of the Beatles in the first year of the decade. Source:

24 1970s – MUSIC Many Rock sub-genres were popular: country rock, jazz, soft rock (also known as Easy Listening), hard rock, progressive rock, urban rock (with its African-American influences), punk rock (late 1970s), ’70’s R&B, and disco! Source:

25 1970s – DISCO Young adults found a new kind of music and a new way to have fun. Disco music prompted the opening of hundreds of dance clubs around the country. Even though disco music would disappear by the end of the decade, it would have a huge impact on many aspects of life in the 70s including movies and fashion. Source:

26 1970s – GROUPS Soft Rock Bread, America, The Carpenters, and Chicago. Disco KC and the Sunshine Band, Bee Gees (wrote music for “Saturday Night Fever” movie), Jackson 5, Love Unlimited Orchestra (Barry White). Progressive Rock Genesis, Yes, Pink Floyd, Queen, and Emerson Lake and Palmer. Source:

27 1970s – GROUPS Urban Rock Sly and the Family Stone; Earth, Wind, and Fire; Kool and the Gang; and The Commodores. Punk Rock The Clash, The Ramones, Patti Smith, and Blondie Hard Rock Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, Aerosmith, and Led Zeppelin. Source:

28 1970s – GROUPS Southern Rock Lynyrd Skynyrd, The Allman Brothers Band, and Charlie Daniels Band. Punk Rock The Clash, The Ramones, Patti Smith, and Blondie Hard Rock Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, Aerosmith, and Led Zeppelin. Source:

29 1970s – SOLO ACTS The soloist singer song writers ruled the 1970s pop music scene in the early part of the decade. Carole King, James Taylor, Carly Simon, and Joni Mitchell were just a few of the talented singers who were mainstays of the early ‘70s pop music charts. Many country music performers crossed over to pop music, such as Kenny Rogers, Olivia Newton-John, John Denver, Dolly Parton, Glen Campbell, and Johnny Cash. Source:

30 1970s - FASHION The fashion influence of 1960s hippies was mainstream in the 1970s. Men wore shoulder length hair and non-traditional clothing became the rage, including bellbottom pants, hip huggers, colorful patches, platform shoes, earth shoes, clogs, T-shirts, and gypsy dresses. Sources:

31 1970s - FASHION Leisure suits for men became commonplace.
Sources: and

32 “Carol Brady” Hairstyle
1970s – HAIR STYLES Shaggy Hairstyle Afro Hairstyle “Carol Brady” Hairstyle Source:

33 The “Dorothy Hamill” Wedge (Olympic Skating Champion in 1970s)
1970s – HAIR STYLES The “Dorothy Hamill” Wedge (Olympic Skating Champion in 1970s) Afro Hairstyle Long Hairstyle Source: Various

34 1970s –FASHION Bell Bottoms Bell Bottoms Children's Wear
Source: Various

35 1970s –FASHION Earth Shoes Vintage Clogs Platform Shoes Patches
Source: Various

36 1970s - FADS Mood rings, lava lamps, Rubik's cube, Sea Monkeys, smiley face stickers, string art, and pet rocks all captured the imagination of Americans during the 1970s. Mood rings, which change color supposedly based on your mood, become popular from time to time. Sources:

37 1970s – FADS Mood Ring Lava Lamp Smiley Faces Rubrik’s Cube Pet Rock
String Art Sources: & Various :

38 1970s - CARS 1970 Dodge Charger Sources: Various

39 1970s - CARS Families vacationed in station wagons and everyone wanted an RV. Source: Various

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