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Measuring Quality in the BLS Business Register Richard Clayton David Talan Joint UNECE/OECD/Eurostat Meeting of the Group of Experts on Business Registers.

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Presentation on theme: "Measuring Quality in the BLS Business Register Richard Clayton David Talan Joint UNECE/OECD/Eurostat Meeting of the Group of Experts on Business Registers."— Presentation transcript:

1 Measuring Quality in the BLS Business Register Richard Clayton David Talan Joint UNECE/OECD/Eurostat Meeting of the Group of Experts on Business Registers Geneva, Switzerland September 3-4, 2013

2 Outline Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) Program Concepts and Sources Dimensions of Quality Data Quality Metrics Data Uses / Users Publications

3 Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages Quarterly census of employers covered under UI and federal employers covered under UCFE

4 QCEW – Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages Quarterly data (frequent) Released 6.5 months after reference period - timely 9.2 million records and growing 133 million in employment Units, employment and wages 6 digit NAICS and county, ownership UI based, mandatory collections to run UI Wages- 98% reported data Employment- 97% reported data Units- 95% reported data 4

5 Investment in Quality Source: BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) Administrative data from Unemployment Insurance filings (UI) Huge investment in improving raw administrative data Two supplemental collections – ARS- Annual Refiling Survey – MWR- Multiple Worksite Report

6 QCEW Concepts Employer Establishment Reporting unit Multi-establishment employer QCEW

7 Business Register Sources UI Status Determination Form UI Quarterly Contribution Report BLS Multiple Worksite Report BLS Federal Government Report BLS Annual Refiling Survey Forms

8 Status Determination Form Data obtained: UI account number Business name Business address Employer identification number Ownership status Industry status Multi-establishment employer status Predecessor information

9 Quarterly UI Contribution Report Data obtained: Monthly employment Total wages Taxable wages Employer contributions

10 Multiple Worksite Report Data obtained: Establishment address Worksite description Monthly employment by establishment Total wages by establishment

11 Annual Refiling Forms Verify and update: Industry codes Geographic codes Ownership status Business names and addresses Multi-establishment status

12 QCEW File Submitted to BLS by States Contains: Business names and addresses Identification and classification information Employment and wage data

13 The QCEW File Updates: BLS Business Register Employment and wage data Annual refiling code changes

14 BLS Business Register Updated each quarter 9.2 million records Longitudinally linked to create a time series for each establishment BLS Business Register

15 Employers State UI Tax Unit QCEW State BLS Business Register (QCEW) Initial Status Forms Contributions Reports Federal Gov't Reports Unit Multiple Worksite Reports QCEW File Deliverable ARS Surveys Business Register Data Flow

16 Independent Mechanism to Ensure Proper Coverage In 2012, 19.3 million weekly UI claims were filed. Each of these events ensures that QCEW coverage is complete and the QCEW business register is able to capture new businesses in a timely fashion. An average of 372,000 UI claims filed weekly

17 Dimensions of Quality Quality – Measure of Reported Data Relevant Timely Accurate

18 Data Quality: Setting Goals and Standards BLS Sets Data Quality Standards Communicates with BLS Regions and States Prioritizes focus of data quality Multiple Layers of Data Quality Review Federal-State Cooperative Program BLS National Office BLS Regional Offices States

19 Quality-Cost Tradeoff Cost Saving Initiatives Electronic Data Collection – ARS and MWR ARS Collection via Contractor Touchtone Data Entry 19

20 Data Quality Metrics Reports that Measure Data Quality Flash Report Business Register Metrics Report Historical Tracking

21 Flash Report Monitors data quality received from States Number of reported units Number of imputations Number of prorations Number of missing units Number of records with invalid area/county and industry codes Reports generated twice each quarter Initial and Updated reports generated

22 22 Data Quality Metric: High Level of Reported Data

23 Percentage of Unclassified NAICS in State B in Comparison to the National Average of Unclassified NAICS Historical Tracking

24 Business Register Metrics Generated after the data are linked Monitors: System software Data quality Quality of analyst manual matches Evaluates: The number and type of manual matches (breakout/consolidation) Number of new QCEW businesses each quarter Number of births/deaths each quarter Number of unmatched records Number of weighted match records

25 25 Quality Metric: High Linkage Rates

26 Timeliness January 1 – March 31 = Reference Quarter March 31 – April 30 = Reporting Period May 1 – July 29 = UI Processing QCEW Extract from UI QCEW Edit & Review July 30 – Sept 30 = State File sent to BLS BLS Review State Updates Received October 7 = Publication Lag = 6 months and 1 week

27 Accuracy Thorough editing and review at the state, regional, and national levels each quarter 196 Interactive Edits States contact businesses to correct questionable data and/or provide missing data Development of new state system with even more powerful editing and review capabilities

28 Continuous Progress and Improvements 1991 –1992:Multiple Worksite Reports - county Level 2001:Longitudinal Database completed 1998 – 2001 :NAICS Implemented 2002:Quarterly Publication Initiated 2003:Business Employment Dynamics (BED) :Geocoding started 2004 : NAICS History Released (Sept 2004) 4 Week Acceleration Completed 2005: BED Firm Size Data 2007 : NAICS 2007 Conversion (2007/Q1) 2010 : QCEW Mapping Tool 2012 : BED State Industry Data

29 UI Tax Rate & Actuarial Analysis UI-Covered Employment Local Area Unemployment Personal Income (BEA) Gross Domestic Product (BEA) Economic Forecasting Current Employment Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics Job Creation/Destruction Size Class Dynamics Business Survival Rates Geocoded Establishments Occupational Employment Statistics Occupational Safety and Health Statistics Current Employment Statistics National Compensation Survey Industrial Price Program Occupational Safety and Health Statistics Programmatic Uses Benchmarking (Employment Base) General Economic Uses Quarterly Census of Employment & Wages Data (QCEW/ Analytical Uses Sampling Mass Layoff Statistics State Revenue Projections Jobs Openings & Labor Turnover Survey Job Openings & Labor Turnover Survey Quarterly Press Releases, Annual Employment and Wages Local Economic Development Indicators Clusters Analysis Shift Share Industry Diversity Indexes Location Quotients Federal Funds Allocation $175 Billion (HUD, USDA, HCFA/CHIP) Minimum Wage Studies Uses Of Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages Data (QCEW) Local Economic Impact Response Planning Local Government Services Planning Interagency Data Uses Improve CPS After 2000 Census LEHD Industry Code Sharing Local Transportation Planning

30 Accessing the QCEW and BED Macrodata BED: QCEW: 30

31 Contact Information Richard Clayton David Talan


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