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1950s had been the era of peace & prosperty The younger generations were affected by significant events around them: – Civil Rights – Class Segregation.

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Presentation on theme: "1950s had been the era of peace & prosperty The younger generations were affected by significant events around them: – Civil Rights – Class Segregation."— Presentation transcript:

1 1950s had been the era of peace & prosperty The younger generations were affected by significant events around them: – Civil Rights – Class Segregation – Cold War – Mistrust in U.S. Govt RESULT: Power in numbers! Youths were represented by the baby boomer generation who would now take part in society Chapter 26: The Politics of Protest Chapter 26: The Politics of Protest The Growth of the Youth Movement

2 The Free Speech Movement the University of California, Berkeley in response to a ban on students against political protesting Caused a rift between students & administration leading to arrests Launched nation-wide free speech movement RESULT: Supreme Court upholds the students right to freedom of speech… this would pave the way for future college demonstrations

3 Counterculture: a culture with values & beliefs different than the mainstream HIPPIES Began as a reaction to the 1950s stereotype of the man in a suit who led a constricted life As it grew – many just joined for: fashion & drugs Many lived in communes: group living arrangements where people share everything Most popular location: Haight-Ashbury, San Francisco – Anti: Western civilization, rationality, order, tradition – Pro: freedom, closeness to nature, love, empathy, tolerance, cooperation

4 Counterculture Contd… New Religious Movements – In a movement of rejection towards materialism, many people embraced spirituality – Astrology, magic, eastern religions, Christianity The Counterculture Declines – After a few years the movement deteriorates – Hippie communities turned to criminalized areas – Drug education heightened – Most returned to mainstream society when they were unable to support themselves financially

5 FASHION costumes rather than uniforms Colorful, beaded, braided, patched, fringed clothing Comfort, layers, loosely worn garments recycling military uniforms with new designs as a means of protesting war Longer hair

6 ART Pop Art: art that reflects pop culture – Photos, comics, ads, brand-names – Andy Warhol: most famous pop artist Music & Dance – Rock continues to flourish (BEATLEMANIA!!!) – Rock paired with storytelling about the rifts between generations (Bob Dylan, Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix) – Woodstock: 1969 NY festival with music & dance

7 FEMINISM: the belief that men + women should be equal politically, economically & socially Women had played major roles in wartime & raising families Now wanted TRUE equality, not just on paper (think 19 th amendment) Equal Rights Amendment (ERA): 1972 – protests women against discrimination Goal: equality within: – The workplace – As writers/authors – As teachers

8 AFFIRMATIVE ACTION: an active effort to improve employment/educational opportunities for minorities Critics saw this as a form of reverse discrimination Goal: opportunities in: – Education, Politics, Job markets, Farmworkers Applied to (mainly): – African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans – Cesar Chavez: most important advocate for Mexican America laborers

9 Environmentalism: Going Green! Goal: be more eco-conscious to extend the life of people, wildlife & the planet Cut down on: pollution, pesticides, smog Increase: recycling programs, education, legislation New Ideas Included: – Earth Day! (April 22 nd each year) – Nuclear energy (cleaner) vs. burning fossil fuels

10 The Consumer Movement Goal: for ALL PEOPLE to put SAFETY as the 1 st priority in products, THEN looks, style, etc… Most impacted industry: automobiles Result: now consumers would know to become more educated in product-research & comparison before making a purchase

11 GROWTH OF THE YOUTH MOVEMENTFREE SPEECH MOVEMENT COUNTERCULTURE: HIPPIES COMMUNE: COUNTERCULTURE CONTD NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS THE COUNTERCULTURE DECLINES Rotate to each station. Bulletize notes. IMPORTANT ASPECTS are bolded/underlined. These ARE your notes!

12 FASHIONART POP ART MUSIC & DANCE FEMINISM: ERA AFFIRMATIVE ACTION Rotate to each station. Bulletize notes. IMPORTANT ASPECTS are bolded/underlined. These ARE your notes!

13 ENVIRONMENTALISMTHE CONSUMER MOVEMENT NOTES… Rotate to each station. Bulletize notes. IMPORTANT ASPECTS are bolded/underlined. These ARE your notes!


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