2 Importance of ColourColour plays an important role in achieving a successful designFashion designers incorporate colour to achieve a harmonious garment designBalance, proportion, emphasis, unity and rhythm rely on colour
3 Hue, Value and Intensity Is the name given to a color, such as red, yellow, green, or violet. It distinguishes one color from anotherValue:Is the lightness or darkness of a color. The values of colors range on a gradation scale from almost white to almost black.Intensity:Is the brightness or dullness of a color. Very strong, bright colors are said to have high intensity.
4 Colour Categories Primary colors: Secondary colors: Red, yellow, and blueSecondary colors:Orange, green, and violet (purple). They are made by mixing equal amounts of two primary hues together.Intermediate colors:Result when equal amounts of adjoining primary and secondary colors are combined. (Yellow-green, red-orange…)NeutralWhite, black, gray
5 5 Basic Colour SchemesMonochromatic color schemeA one-color plan that uses different tints shades, and intensities. A navy blue pair of pants, with a light blue shirt is monochromatic. Same “color” different shades.Analogous color schemeUses neighboring, or adjacent, colors on the wheel. It is sometimes called a related color scheme since two or three “related” colors are used.Complementary color schemeUses opposite hues on the color wheel. Complementary colors are across from each other on the wheelTriad color schemeCombines three colors equidistant on the wheel. Examples are red, yellow, and blue.
7 Colour Terminology Accented Neutral A color scheme that combines white, black, or gray with a bright color accent.AnalogousA color scheme using two or three adjacent or “related” colors on the color wheelCool colorsHues, such as green, blue, and violet, that serve as reminders of water or sky.ComplementaryA color scheme using hues across from each other on the color wheelHueThe name given to a color
8 Colour Terminology cont’d IntensityThe brightness or dullness of a colorMonochromaticA color scheme that uses different tints, shades and intensitiesSplit-complementaryA color scheme that uses one color with the two colors on each side of its complement on the color wheelValueThe lightness or darkness of a color between almost white to almost blackWarm colorsHues, such as red, orange, and yellow, that appear to be hot like the sun or fire.
10 1. Colors directly next to each other (i. e 1. Colors directly next to each other (i.e. yellow and yellow-orange; yellow and yellow-green; violet and blue-violet, etc.) 2. Colors that form right (90 degree) angles with each other (i.e. yellow and red-orange; blue and violet-red; green and orange, etc.) 3. Colors directly across from each other (i.e. yellow and violet; blue and orange; red and green, etc.) 4. Colors that form a T (i.e. blue, orange, and violet-red; yellow, violet, and red-orange; yellow, blue-green, and red-orange, etc.) 5. Colors that form an X (i.e. blue, orange, violet-red, and yellow, violet, blue-green, and red-orange, etc.)What works together!
11 Neutrals These neutrals work well with all colours: Brown Black White DenimGrey
12 Colour families work too Substitute red with pink and will work with blues (right angles)