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By Rebecca Medley Thaddeus Smith Jefferson Community College July 22, 2007 Victorian Era: Art and Jewelry.

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Presentation on theme: "By Rebecca Medley Thaddeus Smith Jefferson Community College July 22, 2007 Victorian Era: Art and Jewelry."— Presentation transcript:

1 by Rebecca Medley Thaddeus Smith Jefferson Community College July 22, 2007 Victorian Era: Art and Jewelry

2 Victorian Era Followed the Reign of Queen Victoria in England from Followed the Reign of Queen Victoria in England from At that time, England was the Most Modern and Wealthiest Country in the World At that time, England was the Most Modern and Wealthiest Country in the World

3 Popular Culture High Fashion was a great trend during the Victorian Era. High Fashion was a great trend during the Victorian Era. Fashion, Furniture, & Artwork were gilded with rich elegance, romance and splendor. Fashion, Furniture, & Artwork were gilded with rich elegance, romance and splendor. Household decorating was rather plush and eccentric in details. Household decorating was rather plush and eccentric in details. Citizens even followed strict etiquette, especially regarding fashion. Citizens even followed strict etiquette, especially regarding fashion.

4 Types of Art Genres Covered During Englands Victoria Era Classicism – influences of the natural world Classicism – influences of the natural world Romanticism – expression of emotion with brilliant color Romanticism – expression of emotion with brilliant color Impressionism – great lighting and color effects Impressionism – great lighting and color effects Pre-Raphaelite – rebirth of idea before Raphaels time Pre-Raphaelite – rebirth of idea before Raphaels time

5 Classicism Contained historical paintings Contained historical paintings Inspired by Greek and Roman Architecture Inspired by Greek and Roman Architecture Highly Romantic Highly Romantic Used Mythical Themes Used Mythical Themes

6 Sir Edward John Poynter Andromeda Psyche in the Temple of Love

7 Frederick Leighton Flaming June Dedalus & Icarus

8 Sir Lawrence Alma Tadema Unconscious Rivals The Fountain Art Print

9 Romanticism Images were individualistic Images were individualistic Contained exotic images that depicted great emotion Contained exotic images that depicted great emotion Was greatly combined with Classicism Was greatly combined with Classicism

10 J.M.W. Turner Venice 'Transept of Ewenny Priory, Glamorganshire'

11 Caspar David Friedrich Wanderer above the Sea of Fog Morning

12 Eugene Delacroix Liberty Leading the People The Massacre at Chios

13 Impressionism Naturalistic Naturalistic Mellow subject matter Mellow subject matter Commonly landscapes Commonly landscapes Great use of light Great use of light

14 James Jacques Joseph Tissot October 'Portrait of Mrs Catherine Smith Gill and two of her Children'

15 Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (1848) Band of artists who sought to recapture styles painted before Raphael Band of artists who sought to recapture styles painted before Raphael They rejected industrialization and the Royal Academy for art in England. They rejected industrialization and the Royal Academy for art in England. They produced many images from nature – especially photography. They produced many images from nature – especially photography. Sometimes followed past literary works Sometimes followed past literary works Founder: Dante Rossetti Founder: William Hunt

16 Dante Rossetti Ecce Ancilla Domini! Beata Beatrice

17 William Hunt Hireling Shepherd Isabella and the Pot of Basil

18 John William Waterhouse Echo & Narcissus Ofélia

19 Victorian Period ( ) Major Jewelery Events Early Victorian – Romantic ( ) Early Victorian – Romantic ( ) Victoria is coronated in 1838, Victoria and Albert wed. Mass production of jewelry begins after the Great International Exposition of International Exposition of Mid-Victorian – Grand ( ) Mid-Victorian – Grand ( ) Death of Albert (1861) mourning jewelry becomes popular. Late-Victorian – Aesthetic ( ) Late-Victorian – Aesthetic ( ) Death of Queen Victoria (1901)

20 Early Victorian Jewelry Some Popular Motifs and Styles Vines, leaves, flowers, grapes, knots, hearts, serpents, garter jewelry, chatelaines. Vines, leaves, flowers, grapes, knots, hearts, serpents, garter jewelry, chatelaines. Classical Greek and Roman; Scottish. Classical Greek and Roman; Scottish. Some Popular Materials Tortoise Shell, cameos, hair work, bloodstone. Tortoise Shell, cameos, hair work, bloodstone. Gutta Percha (Malayan tree sap), bog oak. Gutta Percha (Malayan tree sap), bog oak. Cameos, cut steel, goldstone. Cameos, cut steel, goldstone.

21 Victorian Hair Work Brooches A deceased relatives or sweethearts woven hair mounted and worn as a sentiment.

22 Victorian Hair Work Bracelet with Portrait

23 Victorian Chatelaines An ornamental clasp worn at a womans waist on a belt or a girdle

24 Victorian Cut Steel Jewelry Front ViewBack View

25 Victorian Goldstone and Bloodstone Victorian Goldstone Bar Brooch Anchor, Cross and Heart symbols of Faith, Hope, and Charity Victorian Bloodstone Bracelet

26 Popular Victorian Motifs Gold Bow Brooch with Garnets and Diamonds and Heart Locket Enamel Locket and Leaf Motif

27 Victorian Cameo Jewelry Greek or Roman Goddesses Shell Cameo Brooch Coral Cameo of Diana

28 Victorian Fashion Portrait Brooch and Pearls

29 Victorian Scottish Jewelry Cross of St. Andrew in sterling with bloodstone, citrine, jasper and agate. Brooch/pendant Carnelian cross and silver anchor.

30 Victorian Pique and Tortoise Shell Tortoise Shell Cupid Brooch Circa 1860 Lily-of-the-valley Pique (gold and silver in tortoise shell) Earrings

31 Mid-Victorian Jewelry Some Popular Motifs and Styles Mourning Style Jewelry, Revival Style. Mourning Style Jewelry, Revival Style. Crosses, serpents, Monograms (cipher style) Crosses, serpents, Monograms (cipher style) Micro-mosaics, Pietra Dura (Italian mosaic) Micro-mosaics, Pietra Dura (Italian mosaic) Some Popular Materials Same as Early Victorian plus sapphires, amethyst, pearls, agate, coral, cameos. Same as Early Victorian plus sapphires, amethyst, pearls, agate, coral, cameos.

32 Victorian Mourning Jewelry 18 K Mourning Ring with black enamel In Memory and engraved inside with the names of the mother, father and their son.

33 Victorian Mourning Jewelry Jet (Lignite Coal) Mourning Bracelet Forget-me-not Brooch

34 Victorian Revival Jewelry Renaissance Revival Enamel Portrait Brooch Gothic Revival Pendant

35 Victorian Revival Jewelry 18 K Classic Revival Brooch Painted Porcelain, Circa 1870 Renaissance Revival Brooch with Opal Cameo, garnet and enamel

36 Popular Mid-Victorian Motifs Gilt Metal Damascene Cross 18 K Locket with Cipher Initials

37 Victorian Mosaic Jewelry 15 K Micro Mosaic Pendant 18 K Brooch with Pietra Dura Mosaic of lilies and forget-me-nots

38 Mid-Victorian Jewelry 15K Gold Bar Brooch with rabbit and pearl carrot 18K Victorian Serpent Brooch

39 Primary Victorian Jewelry Made for royalty and the upper class Gold and pearl necklace with removable brooch

40 Late Victorian Jewelry Some Popular Motifs and Styles Sporting themes, good luck symbols, hearts Sporting themes, good luck symbols, hearts Horseshoes, crescents. Horseshoes, crescents. Some Popular Materials Sapphires, diamonds, pearls, onyx. Sapphires, diamonds, pearls, onyx.

41 Late-Victorian Popular Motifs and Materials 18K locket with lucky horseshoes Lucky charm pin with amethyst and pearls 18K engraved sporting theme

42 Late-Victorian Popular Motifs and Materials 18K crescent moon and star brooch with diamonds and synthetic rubies Diamond and sapphire heart pendant

43 Late-Victorian Popular Materials Pearl and aquamarine necklace Sapphire and diamond bracelet Sapphire and diamond ring Circa 1890

44 Primary Victorian Jewelry Made for royalty and the upper class Pearl and diamond necklace

45 References All images from http//images.google.com All images from http//images.google.com


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