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May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative Textile Education and Training S.C.Harlock.

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Presentation on theme: "May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative Textile Education and Training S.C.Harlock."— Presentation transcript:

1 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative Textile Education and Training S.C.Harlock B.Sc. Ph.D., The University of Leeds - Media Innovations Ltd

2 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Introduction This presentation will: consider the changes taking place within textile and apparel education and training particularly within the U.K to explain the background to multimedia developments in textile and apparel education and training describe developments in multimedia, computer based learning and proposals for new delivery mechanisms present an overview of other global education and training initiatives in textiles an apparel

3 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Current situation in UK Higher Education Within the U.K. there has been a decline in student enrolment on science and technology based education in textiles

4 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Why the decline? Four factors have exacerbated this:

5 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Why the decline? The decline in the textile manufacturing base and consequently perceived lack of career prospects

6 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Changes in U.K. Textile and Apparel Manufacture

7 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Changes in U.K. Textile and Apparel Manufacture

8 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Why the decline? Unpopularity of science and technology based courses generally Unpopularity of manufacturing generally Fee paying students are preferring to study textile related courses in which they believe they will excel, find interesting and may be seen as more "glamorous

9 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Changes in demand for textile and apparel education Techno-management courses offering a combination of management/ business studies with textile/apparel technology have been popular Difficult to sustain, because costly to support, maintain and update specialist machines and equipment, unless underpinned by substantial research funding Research funding focusing on areas, notably technical textiles, where higher added value can be realised and specialist knowledge can provide a competitive advantage

10 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Changes in demand for textile and apparel education The principle issues with technology based programmes would appear to be image of the industry and employment prospects

11 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Changes in demand for textile and apparel education And yet…… Fashion design, textile design, fashion management and marketing, fashion retailing are very popular programmes: Glamorous and generate good income for Universities/colleges BUT Many provide only limited technological and production knowledge relevant to textile and apparel industry Career opportunities limited – considerable over supply of fashion designers entering the market

12 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Educational provision Entry to further and higher education programmes of study is through the University and Colleges Admission Service (UCAS) UCAS website cites approximately 92 institutions offering 452 Textile and Fashion Design, Management and Technology Courses at HNC, HND and Degree levels. Search for Textile Technology courses on UCAS website reveals 4 institutions offering FT/sandwich courses at HND and Degree levels

13 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Current situation in Higher Education in B.Sc./M.Sc. courses in Textiles University of Leeds M.Sc. courses (FT) only (with conversion option) in: –Advanced Colouration and Finishing Technology –Colour Management Systems –Technical Textiles and Performance Clothing –Textile Management –Textile Manufacturing and TQM

14 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Current situation in Higher Education in B.Sc./M.Sc. courses in Textiles UMIST (http://www.umist.ac.uk/departments/textiles/) Merging with University of Manchester on ( Professor Alan Gilbert, Vice Chancellor of Melbourne University will be new V.C.) Departments of Textiles and Paper merged B.Sc. courses (FT) (some with language and year abroad options) in: –Textile Science and Technology –Textile Technology and Management –Clothing Technology and Fashion Management ( with Manchester Metropolitan University –Management and Marketing of Textiles –Fashion and Textile Retailing –Design Management for Fashion Retailing –Textile Design and Design Management

15 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Current situation in Higher Education in B.Sc./M.Sc. courses in Textiles UMIST M.Sc. courses (FT) in: - Textile technology - International fashion retailing M.Ent course (FT) in - Textile design, technology and fashion

16 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Current situation in Higher Education in B.Sc./M.Sc. courses in Textiles Heriot Watt University (http://www.hw.ac.uk/sbc/SOTWeb/SOTCourses.html) B.Sc. courses (FT) in: - Clothing Design and Manufacture - Textiles and Fashion Design Management - Combined studies M.Sc./Diploma courses (FT) in: - Clothing Management - International Design Marketing ( Fashion and Textiles)

17 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Current situation in Higher Education in B.Sc./M.Sc. courses in Textiles Bolton Institute of Higher Education (http://www.bolton.ac.uk/courses/index) Foundation degree in Textiles – work based learning and negotiated learning contracts B.Sc. course (FT and PT) in: - Textile Technology M.Sc./Diploma courses (FT and PT) in: - Textile Studies

18 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Current situation in Higher Education in B.Sc./M.Sc. courses in Textiles Manchester Metropolitan University (http://www.mmu.ac.uk/courses/) B.Sc. / HND courses (FT) in: - Textile Technology for Fashion M.Sc./ courses (FT) in: - Clothing Product Development - International Fashion Marketing

19 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Technician level education and training

20 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Technician level education and training Technical certificate and other education for those in full time employment provided on day release or evening classes at local further education colleges or some institutions of higher education. Competition from service sector and decline in industry has discouraged school leavers from entering industry. Insufficient trainees within a given geographical area to justify provision of courses and companies reluctant to release trainees Consequently courses not financially viable

21 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Changes in demand for textile and apparel education BUT Within the U.K. Textile manufacturing*: employed in 5456 business units Apparel*: employed in 5631 business units * Statistics from survey conducted by Skillfast-UK December 2002 So, despite the decline in the manufacturing base, there continues to be the demand for employees at all levels and hence the demand for them to be educated and trained.

22 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Changes in demand for textile and apparel education However Conventional delivery of technological education and training not cost effective because of insufficient student numbers Therefore To offer cost effective training requires a change in the mode of provision, tailored to the needs of industry and commerce, offered at a convenient time and place, to suit the individual needs of both the employee and the employer.

23 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar How can we meet this provision? Need to recognise that Students/employees prefer to learn at different times Employers cannot afford to allow employees to study away from workplace Emphasis now is on "learning for life" and wider access to learning. The ultimate goal must be education on-demand - access and opportunity to learn at any time and any place together with the development of skills and experience.

24 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar How can we meet this provision? Use alternative forms of delivery E-learning Video delivery Synchronous and asynchronous communication e.g. Internet chat rooms, Classroom Books In-company practical training Blended learning

25 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar What experience do we have in the use of e-learning in textiles? In 1994 development of a computer based learning system at the University of Leeds for textiles and apparel was started A team comprising academic subject specialists, media production and computer based learning staff spent 18 months writing text and producing videos, animations, graphics

26 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Experiences in the use of computer based learning for Textiles and Apparel Collaboration between academic staff in the Department of Textile Industries, Audio-visual services and the Computer Based Learning unit Content was compiled and authored using an interactive document compiler to create Assymetrix TOOLBOOK multimedia files. "Introduction to Textiles" launched in September 1995.

27 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Experiences in the use of computer based learning for Textiles and Apparel Features of the system are: It has dual functionality: It provides a structured learning environment and a reference resource browserIt has dual functionality: It provides a structured learning environment and a reference resource browser It assumes no prior knowledge of Textiles or ApparelIt assumes no prior knowledge of Textiles or Apparel It assumes no prior knowledge of computersIt assumes no prior knowledge of computers It is simple to use with interactive featuresIt is simple to use with interactive features It has quick response - a minimum download timeIt has quick response - a minimum download time

28 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Experiences in the use of computer based learning for Textiles and Apparel It contains: ~ 800 screens ( pages)~ 800 screens ( pages) ~ 430 colour photographs~ 430 colour photographs ~ 200 graphics~ 200 graphics ~ 23 animations~ 23 animations ~ 225 video sequences~ 225 video sequences ~ 200 glossary items~ 200 glossary items ~ 110 bibliography references~ 110 bibliography references ~ 600 self assessment exercises (MCQs)~ 600 self assessment exercises (MCQs) Audio commentaries Hypertext links A tutorialA tutorial on the use of the system Glossary of termsGlossary of terms

29 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar ITT – Introduction to Textiles Subjects

30 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar ITT – Introduction to Textiles Topics

31 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar ITT – Introduction to Textiles Learning

32 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar ITT – Introduction to Textiles Evaluation

33 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Experiences in the use of computer based learning for Textiles and Apparel Content delivered in 2 modules Students typically spent hours studying content of each module in computer based learning laboratory using work book Tutorials/practical demonstrations support learning

34 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Experiences in the use of computer based learning for Textiles and Apparel This significantly changed the mode of delivery of content For the first time students could study at their own pace in their own learning environment. Since 1995, an estimated 40,000 student hours of learning have been delivered using the system

35 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Further Developments Working on our own and in collaboration with training organisations including KLITRA and CBWT, 9 more modules have been developed: Fashion technology Clothing technology 2.0 Knitwear technology 1.0 Weaving technology 2.0 Textile testing 2.0 Nonwoven technology 2.0 Weft knitted fabric analysis Woven fabric analysis Fibre identification

36 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Further Developments Clothing Technology 2.0

37 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Further Developments Textile Testing 2.0

38 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Further Developments _ Fibre Identification

39 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Commercial Usage System now marketed worldwide in response to commercial demand Approximately 80 copies of the system both in the U.K. and overseas, national and international commercial manufacturing and retail organisations. Now used in secondary schools as well

40 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar How suitable is e-learning for training in companies? Training organisations also recognising the potential that this mode of delivery offers. Employees may study within allotted periods in the factory in dedicated training facilities or during slacker production times.

41 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar The use of computer based learning to support training in textiles and apparel The Knitting and Lace Industries Training Association in the U.K piloted Introduction to Textiles within knitwear companies They also collaborated in the development of a Knitwear Technology module specifically for knitwear manufacturers in the Scottish borders companies. In 2002, the Confederation of British Wool Textiles conducted a pilot study of Introduction to Textiles for training purposes. The new Weaving Technology module was also developed and piloted.

42 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Evaluation of suitability of Introduction to Textiles and Weaving Technology for training purposes Copies of Introduction to Textiles and Weaving Technology supplied to colleges delivering further education courses to trainees from manufacturers and some textile manufacturers themselves (including a fine worsted suiting manufacturer, a dyeing and finishing company and a carpet manufacturing company).

43 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Employee response Introduction to TextilesWeaving Technology

44 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Employee response Introduction to Textiles Weaving Technology

45 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Employee response Introduction to TextilesWeaving Technology

46 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Employee response Comments made by the evaluators of Weaving Technology Very helpful, wish I had it sooner The package was good but needs to be supported by lectures Easy to follow and fun to use, makes learning enjoyable A very comprehensive programme. ….all in all an informative package also very well presented.

47 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Latest developments Currently working on a pan European (Leonardo da Vinci mobility funding) collaborative project involving: Euratex – Belgium University of Kaunas – Lithuania University of Liberec – Czech Republic Manufacturers in Poland and Estonia KLITRA – UK CBWT – UK to develop 2 multimedia training modules on carpet and hosiery technology respectively.

48 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Conclusions from studies Several clear messages emerge from the experience of use to date. Motivation is a key factor - it is not sufficient to offer such systems and expect all learners to accept it. Support is needed in the form of learning facilitators, to co-ordinate, motivate and explain difficult concepts. It needs to be integrated into programmes of study as one of a variety of modes of learning - Blended Learning

49 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Model for a Vocational Learning Centre for pre-degree textile education and training TEXTILE and APPAREL LEARNING INSTITUTE Local Training Centres Colleges/Universities Tutorial Support W W W / Qualifications Framework IN-COMPANY TRAINING Blended / e-Learning CD/W W W

50 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar E-learning can be delivered from anywhere

51 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Whats the benefits for companies ? Convenience and ease of training Consistent quality, format and standard of training material Access to worldwide education and training material Qualifications The only viable means of providing technological training qualifications for their employees Training opportunities for mature employees

52 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Whats the benefits for employees ? Education on demand Convenience and ease of training Consistent quality,format and standard of training material Access to worldwide education and training material Qualifications Opportunities for career enhancement Tutor support Training opportunities for mature employees

53 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar How can this be developed? Government Agencies Industry and Commerce

54 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training - Other initiatives UK – Faraday Technitex Partnership Europe – –EC projects –Leonardo da Vinci projects –Textile elearning projects –Autex –Virtual textiles project –LIFT Group – Netherlands USA – North Carolina State University Canada – Textiles Human Resources Council Hong Kong – Hong Kong Polytechnic University and CITA (Clothing Industry Training Authority)

55 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Collaborative short course provision UK - Technitex Faraday partnership (http://www.technitex.hw.ac.uk/)/ Consortium of the Universities of Leeds/Heriot Watt/UMIST and BTTG established to collaborate on Technical Textiles research and the provision of short (unaccredited) training courses

56 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Collaborative short course provision UK - Technitex Technitex Faraday partnership Initial 3 year funding of ~£4.5 m for a programme of fundamental research, product development, consultancy and training courses Level of response from companies good Recently renewed with tapered funding of £1m – needs to be self funding in 3 years BTTG will lead the partnership with support from Regional development agencies

57 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – European Initiatives Leonardo da Vinci European Community Initiative ardo_en.html Transnational co-operative projects between the various players in vocational training - training bodies, vocational schools, universities, businesses, chambers of commerce, etc. - in an effort to increase mobility, to foster innovation and to improve the quality of training. A database of Leonardo da Vinci projects can be found at the following URL /leonardo2/products/recherche_prod_en2000.cfm

58 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – European Initiatives General elearning initiatives There are numerous elearning initiatives details of which can be found under elearning textile projects LEONARDO DA VINCI MERIT-TEX - Promoting Expertise on Industrial Excellence in Textiles The project will develop training curricula and materials to advance the knowledge of personnel in the Textiles sector with regard to encouraging Industrial Excellence.

59 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – European Initiatives FIBRONET Development of a Vocational Tool on Textile Fibres designed for the New Work Situation in European SMEs based upon the use of new information and communication technologies An interactive, web-based, training tool will be developed to inform upon all types of fibres to include information on technical characteristics, textile families, functionality and types of application TEMPTEX. (http://www.temptex.net) Development of a standard interactive template for innovative training in textiles Its aim is to transform training products, some parts of which only exist in hard copy, into interactive trainingproducts using ICT.

60 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – European Initiatives Pan-European challenge for technological innovation It involves the creation of a tool for 'training in technological innovation via research' for European higher-level students, in partnership with the European manufacturing industry. SOLCO (http://www.rso.it/solco/) Key Skills to Secure Development of the Local Economy The project aims to support government and local authority staff (social actors) in the development of public training policy for the local economy with regard to SMEs.

61 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – European Initiatives eTELESTIA eCONTENT Enhancing content production in a multilingual and multicultural environment Development of a global on-line network offering localised e-learning content and services in the fashion and clothing sector. Taitava tevanake EQUAL Its aim is to support enterprises in adapting to structural change and in introducing new technologies. UP-SKILLS LEONARDO The project will analyse the professional profiles of senior staff of SMEs to reduce the gap between technical and strategic levels of management

62 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – European Initiatives Autex (http://www.autex.org) This is an interdisciplinary organisation grouping together universities with established international reputations in textile education and research. It was founded in The AUTEX Association consists of members within Europe (within and outside the European Union) and beyond, including the USA. (15 Full European, 11 Associate European and NCSU) AUTEX mission statement : "To facilitate co-operation in high level Textile Education and Research". E-TEAM programme, an Advanced Masters programme in Textiles.

63 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – European Initiatives Fashion -on line project (www.atc.gr/fol) FASHION ON-LINE aims at demonstrating by systematic benchmarking and the deployment of selected pilots to assess the efficiency of innovative technologies in overcoming the main obstacles to broad adoption of B2C e-commerce by fashion SME retailers, their business partners and consumers, namely the size & fit problem (related to customers body size and shape) and the product description problem (fabric colour, garment style).

64 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – European Initiatives LIFTGroup (http://www.liftgroup.nl/) Dutch Educational Centre for the Textile and Garment Industry. It provides, develops and co-ordinates educational programmes geared to the needs of the industry, and specialises in consultancy, training courses, training handbooks and educational materials. It also operates an apprentice system for vocational training. Tekot International is a European partnership of LIFT group, CapitB (U.K) and Teko-Center (Denmark)

65 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – European Initiatives LIFTGroup: Compacity The competency based publishing and learning environment for the textiles industry Through my web browser I create an individual learning path … through all media.

66 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – European Initiatives LIFTGroup Compacity European knowledge exchange and transfer for the textiles and clothing industry through the launch of an ultra-modern learning environment Compacity, is gigantic database containing all knowledge and subject matter of relevance to the textile sector, constitutes a major breakthrough for the knowledge society.

67 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – European Initiatives Compacity European knowledge exchange and transfer for the textiles and clothing industry through the launch of an ultra-modern learning environment Compacity, is gigantic database containing all knowledge and subject matter of relevance to the textile sector, constitutes a major breakthrough for the knowledge society. Data conversion to competency learning

68 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – USA Initiatives - NCSU North Carolina State University, College of Textiles Nonwovens Cooperative Research Center (NCRC) (http://www.tx.ncsu.edu/ncrc/) is a cooperative center with a lot of industrial partners and carries out a lot of fundamental work (through sponsored graduate students)/ NCRC is working with INDA (http://www.inda.org/) the trade association representing the nonwoven fabrics industry in the USA to offer a series of short courses on specialist topics. These will be official NC State graduate courses offered either for credit or non-credit as short courses These courses will also be packaged and used for distance education.

69 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Distance Learning is offered by the TEARS group (http://www.tx.ncsu.edu/extension/service/) These are short courses held either on campus or in mills (US or Central America). These are non-credit courses (i.e. cannot count towards a degree program) and are more rudimentary in nature. CD Rom and online versions being developed using Talking heads approach Innovative textile education and training – USA Initiatives - NCSU

70 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – USA Initiatives - NCSU

71 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – USA Initiatives - NCSU Distance Education is offered through TOP ( ) This includes several undergraduate and graduate courses. The courses were traditionally offered via video tape but are being made available on CD/DVD and ultimately on-line.

72 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – USA Initiatives - NCSU The Anni Albers Program Students completing the Anni Albers Program will earn two undergraduate degrees: a Bachelor of Art and Design in the College of Design, and a Bachelor of Science in Textile Technology in the College of Textiles. The Eli Whitney Scholars Program The Eli Whitney Scholars Program allows students to earn two degrees: a BS in Textile and Apparel Management and a BA in Multidisciplinary Studies.

73 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – USA Initiatives - NCSU Centennial Campus (http://centennial.ncsu.edu/ ) North Carolina State University's vision of the campus of the futurea "technopolis" of university, corporate and government R&D facilities and business incubators, with an exciting town centre, executive conference centre and hotel, upscale housing, and recreational amenities

74 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – Canadian initiatives - THRC Textiles and Human Resources Council of Canada (http://www.thrc-crhit.org/) an independent, non-profit, non- government partnership, have introduced several initiatives: Textile Management Internship Program (TMIP and WebTMIP) and Textile Training through Technology – Conventional, CD Rom and ultimately WWW based delivery of educational and training material. ( Licensed the use of assets from ITT).

75 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training– Canadian Initiatives - THRC Skills needs assessment programme Access to online Workplace Performance Skills Programs from Harvard Business School and Cardean University consortium for employees at all levels In-company skills and learning centres Career-Tex – to stimulate interest Textile Opportunities programme – Wage subsidies to encourage graduate recruitment

76 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – Hong Kong Initiatives Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Institute of Textiles and Clothing (http://www.itc.polyu.edu.hk/) In addition to conventionally delivered programmes it offers distance learning programmes, available in China, where the staff concerned also travel to support the delivery.

77 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – Hong Kong Initiatives Apparelkey.com (http://www.apparelkey.com/) is an apparel manufacturing knowledge portal site developed by the Institute of Textiles and Clothing (ITC) of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) in collaboration with the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK).. links users to a worldwide community of apparel experts, and access to new product development intelligence, authoritative expertise and information on apparel manufacturing

78 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative textile education and training – Hong Kong Initiatives CITA Clothing Industry Training Authority (http://www.clothingtraining.hk/) CITA offers a wide range of services to the clothing industry. One innovative educational and training programme is their learning portal ec-learning.co.hk which provides on-line modules in 3D pattern design and grading and a chat line for support.

79 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Summary This paper has considered the changes taking place within textile and apparel education and training particularly within the U.K to explain the background to multimedia developments in textile and apparel education and training. described developments in multimedia, computer based learning and proposals for new delivery mechanisms presented an overview of other global education and training initiatives in textiles an apparel

80 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Final Thoughts Asia is seeing a massive an insuperable demand for higher education. It is beyond the ability of the worlds universities to satisfy the needs by physical campuses A Olsen THES May 16 th 2003

81 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Final Thoughts By 2020 China will be unable to supply the 20 million university places required to meet the needs of its developing economy and by 2015 India will struggle to supply a needed 9 million places. Demand will far exceed the capacity of the global education industry to provide enrolments ….. E-learning offers a quantum leap in economies of scale….and is expected to boom if SARS forces students to study more from home THES May 16 th 2003

82 May 2004 IFC Textile Industry Seminar Innovative Textile Education and Training S.C.Harlock B.Sc. Ph.D., The University of Leeds - Media Innovations Ltd


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