Presentation on theme: "F rench Loanwords about Fashion Presenters: Candy Chen Helen Cheng."— Presentation transcript:
F rench Loanwords about Fashion Presenters: Candy Chen Helen Cheng
Introduction the Norman Conquest of 1066 Crusades: Arab=>Europe (Weaving & Spinning Techniques) The Hundred Years' War from 1337 to 1453
[Vogue] The fashion magazine began publication in 1892.
Vogue Definition: a fashion or general liking, especially one which is temporary Etymology: 1571, the vogue, "leading place in popularity, greatest success or acceptance," from Middle French vogue "fashion, success, drift, swaying motion (of a boat),from Old French voguer "to row, sway, set sail," probably from Old Low German *wogon, variant of wagon "float, fluctuate," lit. "to balance oneself. Apparently the notion is of being "borne along on the waves of fashion." *Phrase in vogue "having a prominent place in popular fashion" first recorded 1643.
Prêt-à-port Definition: ready-to-wear; produced in standard sizes and not made to fit a particular person Etymology: 1957, from French prêt à porter,meaning "ready-to-wear." Porter is "to carry," from Latin portare "to carry"
Haute couture Definition: expensive clothes of original design and high quality Etymology: 1.haute :"high in one's own estimation" (early 15c.), with adj. suffix, from Old French haut "high," from Latin altus, with initial h- by influence of Frankish hoh "high. 2.Couture :1908, from French, meaning "dressmaking, sewing," used as a collective term for "women's fashion designers."
Chic Definition: stylish and fashionable; smart and clever Etymology: 1.1856, from French originally "subtlety," 2.Perhaps related to German schick "tact, skill," or from French chicane "trick, double bend" from chicanerie "niggling"
Boutique Definition: a small shop that sells fashionable clothes, shoes, jewellery, etc. Etymology: 1. 1953 "fashion shop" 2. earlier "small shop of any sort" (1767), from French boutique (14c.), from Old Provençal. botica, from Greek. apotheke
Maillot Definition: 1. a pair of tights worn for dancing or gymnastics. 2. a womans one-piece swimsuit. Etymology: 1. Being inducted into the English dictionary in 1928 2. Derived from the French phrase for swaddling clothes. 3. The fashion designer's name for a woman's one-piece swimsuit
C orsage Definition: a small decorative group of flowers which a woman pins to her clothes or ties around her wrist, usually for a special occasion Etymology: 1. late 15c., "size of the body," from O.Fr. cors "body" 2. the meaning "body of a woman's dress, bodice" is from 1818 in fashion plates transl. from Fr. 3. Sense of "a bouquet worn on the bodice" is 1911, Amer.Eng., apparently from Fr. bouquet de corsage "bouquet of the bodice."
Satin Definition: [U] a type of cloth, sometimes made of silk, which is smooth and shiny on one side but not on the other Etymology: 1.1369, from O.Fr. Satin 2. perhaps from Arabic (atlas) zaytuni"(satin) from Zaitun," a Satin Definition: [U] a type of cloth, sometimes made of silk, which is smooth and shiny on one side but not on the other
Conclusion Loanwords enrich English vocabulary. Language enables culture interaction (e.g. French loanwords bring French culture into English-speaking countries) Loanwords indicate the changing of the position of countries in different time throughout history.