3PUNK SUBCULTUREIn the mid 1970s, times were hard. Unemployment was growing higher and higher, especially amongst the young, and many teenagers felt that society was to blame. A youth culture started up which expressed these negative feelings – punk.
4punk fashionPunks chose clothes that their parents hated. They wore ripped T-shirts, Doc Marten boots and leather jackets, and often had brightly coloured spiked hair.
5Punk visual art and music. Some punks style their hair to stand in spikes, cut it into Mohawks or other dramatic shapes.The punk subculture is centered around listening to recordings or live concerts of a loud, aggressive rock music. Punk rock tried to shock people.
6GOTH SUBCULTUREThe goth subculture is a contemporary subculture found in many countries. It began in the United Kingdom during the early 1980s in the gothic rock scene.The goth subculture has survived much longer than others of the same era.
7Origins of the termThe original Goths were an Eastern Germanic tribe whoplayed an important role in the fall of the westernRoman Empire. In some circles, the name "goth" laterbecame pejorative.
8Gothic fashion Goth fashion is stereotyped as a dark, sometimes morbid, eroticized fashion and style of dress. Typicalgothic fashion includes dyed black hair, darkeyeliner, black fingernails, black period-styledclothing; goths may or may not have piercings. Stylesare often borrowed from the Elizabethan, Victorianor medieval period and often express Catholic or otherreligious imagery.
9What’s goth?Goth in its simplest form, is a subculture. A group of people who feel comfortable within each others company. There is no specific thing that defines what you need to do or be to fit into the goth scene (except of course the implied black clothing). People in the goth scene all have different musical tastes, follow different religions, have different occupations, hobbies, and fashion sense.
10Why do people become goths? Most goths become goths because they have been spurned by 'normal' society because the way they want to live their lives does not fit in with how most people are told to live theirs.
11Goth fashion and music.Certain elements in the dark, atmospheric music and dress of the post punk scene were clearly gothic in this sense. The use of gothic is an adjective in describing this mysterious or aggressive music.
12EMO SUBCULTUREThe classification, which originated from an independent music movement in the United States, is short for “emotional,” and now relates as much to a fashion style as a genre of music.
13OriginsEmo emerged from the hardcore punk scene of early-1980s Washington, D.C.
14Clothing with pink and black coloures, blue-black hair. Emo fashion and music.Clothing with pink and black coloures, blue-black hair.Emo is a style of rock music typically characterized by melodic musicianship and expressive, often confessional lyrics.
15In Russia, a law has been presented at the Duma to regulate emo websites and forbid emo style at schools and government buildings, for fears of emo being a "dangerous teen trend" promoting anti-social behaviour, depression, social withdrawal and even suicide. It’s regarded as negative youth subculture, which is connected with suicidal tendencies of teenagers years of age.”
16Hippie In the 1960-s and 1970-s a hippy was a person who opposed the normal standards of society.
17Hippie (etymology)The word hippie derives from hipster, and was initially used to describe people who created their own communities, listened to psychedelic rock, and used drugs to explore alternative states of consciousness.
18History of the hippie movement The hippie movement in the United States began as a youth movement, composed mostly of white teenagers and young adults between the ages of 15 and 25 years old.
19Hippie culture and music. Hippies believed in peace, and one of their favourite sayings was “Make love, not war” When the hippy movement started young people showed their peaceful feelings by wearing flowers in their hair. For this reason, they were also called flower people or flower children. Hippies listened to rock music. They enjoyed the songs of Bob Dylan and it was at this time that the Beatles wrote songs like “Give Peace a Chance” and “All You Need is Love”.
20OTAKUOtaku is a Japanese slang word which means someone who is crazy about something, especially anime and manga.In modern Japanese slang, the term otaku refers to a fan of any particular theme, topic, or hobby. Common uses are anime otaku (a fan of anime ), cosplay otaku and manga otaku (a fan of Japanese comic books), pasokon otaku (personal computer geeks), gēmu otaku (playing video games), and wota (pronounced 'ota', previously referred to as "idol otaku") that are extreme fans of idols, heavily promoted singing girls. There are also tetsudō otaku or denshamania (railfans) or gunji otaku (military geeks).
21FASHIONThey don’t have their fashion, but they often cosplay their favorite personages from anime. Otaku listen to J-rock (Japan Rock) and J-pop. The most popular J-rock band is Nightmare.
22RaversIn the late 1980s large parties called raves started up. They usually took place in empty buildings and you could dance all night to the fast beat of acid or techno music. Ravers wore casual clothes, comfortable to dance in: looseT-shirts and jeans.
23RastafairiansThe subculture of Rastafairians was based on nostalgia for a lost world. They idealized Africa. Rastafairians were Afro-Caribbean immigrants in Britain. They began to wear distinctive clothes, camouflage jackets, large hats in the red, gold and green colours of Ethiopia and put their long, uncut hair in dreadlocks. They brought to us such tapes of music as ska, reggae and hip-hop.
24SkinheadsSkinheads began as a working-class subculture in Britain in the 1960s. Originally it had nothing to do with color, race, religion, or national origin. In subsequent decades, the skinhead subculture spread to other parts of Europe, North America and other continents.
25The history of the early skinhead movements shows that boneheads in particular became victims of political games. Exploiting youth culture's responsiveness to new ideas for political purposes is a common practice.
26Russia's skinhead movement appeared in the Skinheads a la RusseRussia's skinhead movement appeared in theearly 1990s, amidst that era's social andeconomic turmoil. As often happens, asubculture that comes from the West changesbeyond recognition in Russia, and that wastrue for the skinheads.
27Violence is the symptom of problems in the society. Teenagers don’t live in a desert. Home, school andneighborhoods are part of the individual environment.Crime for teens is an expression of their inability tojoin in society.
28Youth language it’s fun, it’s simple…and it’s so addictive! Can you decipher this?HOW R U?OK N U?OK CU2DAY?NO 2MORO WER?@J’S. CUL8TRLUV BHere is the translation:How are you?OK and you?OK. See you today?No. Tomorrow. Where?At John’s. See you later.Love, Bill.
29Our questionnaire: What subcultures do you know? Do you sympathize with any of subcultures?Do you belong to any subculture?
3090% do not belong to any subculture. Teens’ opinion survey carried out among 80 students of our school showed that:70% of our students know the main subcultures such as: punk, goth, emo, hippie. Some students named minor groupings such as: ska, bikers, rado, trash, skaters, and so on.60% answer that they are indifferent to most of subcultures, but sympathize with those that do not in affect other people’s rights.90% do not belong to any subculture.
31Conclusion: “Being a teenager is such a troubling time… At the same time there’s afeeling that anythingis possible, and that youwill live forever”.
32Bibliography: 1. Youth magazine “Speak Out”, №6 2005. 2. Student’s Book “Rising Star”, Macmillan Publishers Limited 2001.3. Student’s Book “Move Ahead”, Macmillan Publishers Limited 2002.4. Student’s Book “The World of English 10-11”, Prosveshchenie 2005.5. Music, photos, information from Internet sites about subcultures:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Subcultures