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By: Dani Bell, Lauren Grigsby, Taylor Hahn, and Adam Hesseltine

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1 By: Dani Bell, Lauren Grigsby, Taylor Hahn, and Adam Hesseltine
THE INFLUENCE OF FASHION MAGAZINES ON THE BODY IMAGE SATISFACTION OF COLLEGE WOMEN: An Exploratory Analysis By: Dani Bell, Lauren Grigsby, Taylor Hahn, and Adam Hesseltine

2 Video Clips Evolution Onslaught
Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer, D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),

3 Some Background Ideal body size changing
1940s, ectomorphic (thin) body types perceived negatively 1980s, ectomorphic seen as most sexually appealing Miss America contestants and Playboy models body sizes continually decreased Crucial area of investigation because related to low self-esteem and depression Portrayal of thin body ideal pressures girls to be dissatisfied with their own bodies Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer, D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),

4 The Method Experimental Materials
49 college female participants randomly assigned Two conditions: fashion magazine group, news magazine group Materials Four fashion magazines, four news magazines Questionnaire administered following magazine browsing 9 female body types provided, select most desired 31 items assessing dieting attitudes and perceptions of body Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer, D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),

5 The Procedure Girls participate in 30 minute interview assessing body image dissatisfaction Wait in room with either only fashion magazines provided or news magazines Taken to large classroom for questionnaire 10 girls who indicated they did not read a magazine were not included in analyses Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer, D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),

6 Statistical Analysis DV: Women’s body image satisfaction
IV: Magazine type Hypothesis: Women who viewed fashion magazine prior to questionnaire would report lower body satisfaction, preferred smaller body type, greater preoccupation with dieting Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer, D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),

7 Results T-test revealed no sig. differences in ideal body type opinions for two groups T-test revealed sig. differences in ideal weight for two groups Women who viewed magazines reported more frustration with their weight Reported less satisfied with the shape of their bodies Reported more guilt while eating, after eating, weighing themselves several times a week, afraid of getting fat Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer, D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),

8 Results (cont’d) (Adapted from Turner, 1997, p. 609) Variable
Total Sample Fashion Magazine News Magazine Body Image Satisfaction I am pleased about my body 3.1 2.72 3.33 * I am very frustrated about my weight 2.88 3.28 2.71 I feel satisfied with the shape of my body 2.96 2.56 3.29 Dieting Attitudes and Behaviors I am on a diet… 2.45 2.89 2.29 I weigh myself more than once a week 2.94 2.24 My only intent when I exercise is to keep my weight down 2.69 3.22 2.47 ** I feel guilty while I am eating 3.06 2.43 I feel guilty after I eat 2.86 2.52 Preoccupation with Thinness I am preoccupied with a desire to be thinner 3.55 2.48 *** I am afraid of getting fat 3.65 4.17 3.43 (Adapted from Turner, 1997, p. 609) Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer, D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),

9 Discussion Demonstrate media’s role in shaping perceptions of society
Results consistent with previous findings Extend previous findings by showing that preoccupation with thinness is heightened by fashion magazines Using actual magazines made setting more like real world Perception of being overweight leads to greater body image dissatisfaction Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer, D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),

10 Critical Review: Interesting Points
Although the sample size was small, the results they found were interesting Particularly the significant difference in the ideal weight recorded for those who saw the fashion magazines versus those in the control condition The findings on race in relation to body image and satisfaction discussed in the discussion section African-Americans reported a much higher rate of body satisfaction than Caucasian, Hispanic, or Asian women. Hispanic women reported lower rates of satisfaction as compared to Caucasian women. The difference between ideal body type from the 1940s to the 1980s and today. In the 1940s an individual with an “ectomorphic” or slender body type was seen negatively as being nervous, submissive and socially withdrawn. In the 1980s, however the ectomorphic body type was seen as more desirable and sexually appealing. Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer, D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),

11 Critical Review: Weak Points
Sample very small and predominantly white Are effects heightened by being asked to evaluate body Evaluate whether there are any long-term results Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer, D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),

12 True/False The women who read the fashion magazines and the women who read the newspapers reported the same ideal weight. The results of this study were consistent with research from previous studies There were significant differences in ideal weight for two conditions Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer, D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),

13 Test Questions: Multiple Choice
An ectomorphic body type is a(n) A) overweight body B) medium-sized body C) thin body Which of the following is TRUE about the study: A) the women in the two conditions differed significantly prior to the study B) viewing the fashion magazines led to lower levels of body satisfaction C) ideal height differed significantly between the two groups The average weight of Miss America contestants and Playboy Model has ___________ over time A) increased B) decreased C) stayed the same Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer, D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),

14 Answers: True/False Multiple Choice False True C B
Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer, D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),

15 Reference Turner, S., Hamilton, H., Jacobs, M., Angood, L., &Dwyer,
D. (1997). The Influence of Fashion Magazines on the Body Image Satisfaction of College Women: An Exploratory Analysis. Adolescence, 32(127),


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