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Container Plant Irrigation Considerations Tom Yeager Department of Environmental Horticulture.

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Presentation on theme: "Container Plant Irrigation Considerations Tom Yeager Department of Environmental Horticulture."— Presentation transcript:

1 Container Plant Irrigation Considerations Tom Yeager Department of Environmental Horticulture

2 Apply Irrigation Uniformly as the Amount Needed Application Amount Distribution Uniformity

3 What impacts the uniformity of delivery? Overhead sprinkler

4 Design: spacing

5 Take into account slope 2.31 ft = 1 psi Design: pressure

6 Pressure loss due to friction for 100 ft Sch. 40 PVC pipe Design: pressure Pipe Size (inch) Flow (GPM) Press. Loss (PSI)

7 Remove obstructions inside and in front of emitters Maintenance

8 Monitor uniformity and application amount

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11 Calculation for Uniformity = 166 =41 4 Distribution Uniformity Overall average (ml) Low quarter average (ml) = 0.80= 80% DU =

12 Convert Volume to Application Depth Average volume applied = = 0.9 cm Cup area =3.14 x = 57 cm 2 51 ml or cm 3 = 0.4 inch 2.54 cm/ inch 0.9 cm

13 = 0.4 inch 51 ml or cm 3 57 cm 2 51 cm 3 57 cm 2

14 Determine distribution of water over the area Amount applied per duration of irrigation Application Amount Distribution Uniformity Summary

15 Match Water Demand with Application Amount Overhead sprinkler

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17 Are there differences in water demand? Species

18 Salmons Nursery, FL Podocarpus0.33 Rhaphiolepis0.35 Rosa0.38 Loropetalum0.39 Ilex0.44 Rhododendron0.47 Viburnum Saunders Nursery, VA Rhododendron0.32 Spiraea0.33 Weigela0.35 Hydrangea0.38 Gardenia0.39 Berberis Plant water demand or loss (inch/container) July August 3- gal

19 Can you manage for the species differences? Are there differences in water demand?

20 Calculation for Uniformity Overall average (inch) Low quarter average (inch) Distribution Uniformity = 0.65= 65% DU = – 0.14 = 0.26 Overall Average – variation between species = number to exceed so sprinkler variation does not overcome species variation

21 Are there differences in water demand? Species Spacing

22 Spacing (inch) Water loss (inch) Container Water Loss for 3-gal Ligustrum Spacing (inch) Water loss (inch) June July Million and Yeager, SNA 2013

23 Spacing 0 inch 5.5 inch11 inch 16.5 inch % Cover Wt. loss (g) ( 30%)570 ( 45%)610 ( 50%) ETc (inch) Light interception per plant Temp.

24 Dwarf Yaupon 1-Gallon 2013

25 Are there differences in water demand? Species Spacing Size

26 Plant Water Demand Affected by Plant Size 1-gal Viburnum - spring planting Day Water loss (inch) Size index (cm)

27 Match Water Demand Overhead sprinkler With Application Amount Species Spacing Size

28 Capture Factor (CF) = Volume captured

29 Canopy Affects Capture of Irrigation and Rain

30 Match Water Demand Overhead sprinkler With Application Amount Species Spacing Size Capture Factor

31 How Do We Use This and Other Information? Match Water Demand with Application Amount

32 Thanks for Your Support! Center for Applied Nursery Research Florida Nursery, Growers and Landscape Association Saunders Brothers Nursery Salmons Wholesale Nursery Southwest Florida Water Management District

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