Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Southern inundation area of Lake Fertő/Neusiedl in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period Connection between water-level conditions, shoreline.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Southern inundation area of Lake Fertő/Neusiedl in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period Connection between water-level conditions, shoreline."— Presentation transcript:

1 Southern inundation area of Lake Fertő/Neusiedl in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period Connection between water-level conditions, shoreline and the landscape Kiss, Andrea

2 Overview Study area Historical sources: the southern inundation area Historical water-level conditions and water-level changes The landscape and its development: different water levels Main directions and the intensity of wetland landscape exploitation

3 Study area

4 Maps (18th-19th c.): military – rather schematic; cadaster (map+survey)-good; other small and large scale maps – schematic or refer to small area Legal documentation: medieval charters, early modern (16-19th c.) land-ownership or borderline debates – refer to small areas Other documentary: –Narrative (written evidence): e.g. Sopron citizens –Economic (written evidence) – taxation surveys –Domain surveys: Eszterházy, Széchényi Archaeological surveys (not many yet… - but important) Historical sources: the southern inundation area

5 Water level and landscape: the modern situation Any historical applications? Fixed water level – 20th century Transformation of basin – human impact (Kopf) BUT: How present processes can be applied in detecting historical (e.g. medieval conditions)? (and vica verse?)

6 What and how to apply from present? E.g. connecting medieval with modern; early modern with modern: shoreline and environment in the Inundation area Modern inundation model versus medieval reambulation charters? 1281, , m water level S-Fertő

7 Historical water-level fluctuations: models and problems The Kopf-reconstruction (1963); ext.: Zorkóczy (1976) Water-level reconstructions or data-collections (e.g.): Nagy (1869), Kövér (1940), Károlyi (1957), Balsay et al stb. Sometimes only based on beliefs – e.g. Fertő river, 1568 human impact…. Common problems: 1.No information on primary/original sources applied by F. Kopf (or others) 2.Continous information? 3. Only for last 400 years (medieval: spotted – e.g. 1281, 1335, 1362, 1434) 4. Complete desiccation???

8 What original sources tell us? High water Low water

9 Fixing medium water level – when it means what? For fixing (approximately the) medium water level: historical cadaster survey (1854), Eszterházy domain map (+ Sarród cooperative map) Edge of lake basin Open surface of water Sarród area (today)

10 Transforming landscape into simple model: medium water level (for land use/exploitation model)

11 Land exploitation – different water levels – flexible reaction of society High water level (e.g. 1740s) Intensity of exploitation special emphasis: Middle Ages Low water level (1710s-1730s)

12 Conclusions New, documentary (and map) based water level reconstruction is needed – also to landscape reco-s Some aspects concerning medieval water levels and land exploitation can be as well detected Land use and exploitation show strong flexibility towards predominant water level conditions Intensities of land exploitation were very diifferent in certain period (e.g. Middle Ages)

13 Thank you for your attention


Download ppt "Southern inundation area of Lake Fertő/Neusiedl in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period Connection between water-level conditions, shoreline."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google