Presentation on theme: "Student of group 0431 Fomina L.. History of Distillation Distillation was developed into its modern form with the invention of the alembic by Islamic."— Presentation transcript:
Student of group 0431 Fomina L.
History of Distillation Distillation was developed into its modern form with the invention of the alembic by Islamic alchemist Jabir ibn Hayyan in around 800 AD.
Instruments Of Alchemists For Distillation
Vacuum Distillation is a Vacuum distillation is a technique that uses a vacuum to extract analytes from a sample. A condensing column is used in the technique to condense water that may also be present in the sample. A cryogenically cooled trap (cryotrap) is (cryotrap) is used to condense the compounds of interest.
Laboratory distillation plant 1,2-flask with mixture; 3-condensing column; 4-thermometer; 5-vacuum; 6- water outlet ; 7-cold water inlet; 8-distillate.
The Modern Laboratory Distillation Plant
Distillation in Use 1. Separating Crude Oil into more Fractions (for specific uses such as transport, power generation and heating)
2.Distillation of Water (separating salt from sea water) 3. Distillation of Air 1. Oxygen 1. Oxygen (for medical application); 2. Helium 2. Helium (for party balloons).
Applications of distillation Laboratory scale; Laboratory scale; Industrial distillation; Industrial distillation; Distillation of herbs for perfumery and medicinals (herbal distillate); Distillation of herbs for perfumery and medicinals (herbal distillate); Food processing. Food processing. Industrial distillation plant
Material Balance Substance Input, mole Output, mole ij HF0.140.010.98 BrF 3 0.860.990.02 111
Heat Balance HeatInput,kG/24hOutput,kG/24h Heat using in distillation 384 Loses of heating 214 Heat on heating construction materials 4 Heat from warmer 602 602602