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Properties of Ocean Water Ch. 20.1 Part 2. Temperature of Ocean Water Like salinity ocean temperature varies depending on depth and location.

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Presentation on theme: "Properties of Ocean Water Ch. 20.1 Part 2. Temperature of Ocean Water Like salinity ocean temperature varies depending on depth and location."— Presentation transcript:

1 Properties of Ocean Water Ch Part 2

2 Temperature of Ocean Water Like salinity ocean temperature varies depending on depth and location

3 Surface Water The ocean absorbs infrared wavelengths of the that heat the surface of the ocean The surface water mixes with the water below it, keeping the temperature relatively the same to a depth of 100m to 300m The total amount of solar energy that reaches the surface is much greater at the equator= warmer tropical water

4 The polar regions are colder and covered with pack ice Pack Ice- floating layer of sea ice usually no more than 5 m thick. Insulates water below it and keeps it from freezing

5 Thermoclines Zone of rapid temperature drop Basically, the sun cannot directly heat the ocean water below the surface layer -- causing a sharp decrease in water temperature

6 Thermoclines exist because warm water near the surface is less dense The warm water sits on top and does not mix with the cooler water below

7 Deep Water Temperatures Deep zones below 400m is usually near 2 C The colder the water = more dense water holding more dissolved gases

8 Density of Ocean Water Density- the ratio of the mass of a substance to the volume of the substance (g/cm3) Density of pure water = 1 g/cm3 Density of pure water = 1 g/cm3

9 Factors Affecting Density 1.Salinity The large amount of dissolved solids make ocean water denser than pure water The large amount of dissolved solids make ocean water denser than pure water Density range= g/cm3 to g/cm3

10 2.Temperature Ocean water becomes denser as it becomes colder Ocean water becomes denser as it becomes colder Temperature affects density more than salinity Temperature affects density more than salinity Therefore colder regions are the most dense

11 Color of Ocean Water Color of ocean water is determined by the way it absorbs or reflects sunlight Most colors are absorbed= only blue is reflected Most colors are absorbed= only blue is reflected

12 Why is Color Important? Phytoplankton –small marine plants that provide food for many ocean species Only absorb red and blue reflect green Only absorb red and blue reflect green Scientist study color to find phytoplankton Scientist study color to find phytoplankton


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