Presentation on theme: "2009 Kentucky River Watershed Watch Results. What and when? Herbicides in the Spring – –27 samples in May Pathogens in the Summer – –128 Synoptic samples."— Presentation transcript:
2009 Kentucky River Watershed Watch Results
What and when? Herbicides in the Spring – –27 samples in May Pathogens in the Summer – –128 Synoptic samples in July – –64 Follow-Up samples in Late July/Early August Chemicals & Nutrients in the Fall – –123 samples in September NO Metals in the Fall
KRWW Sample #s ( )
Where? 176 sites throughout Kentucky River Basin Mainly in Central Basin and North Fork Region Poor site coverage in South and Middle Forks of Kentucky River, as well as Lower Kentucky Region
Field Chemistry Dissolved Oxygen – –Aquatic Life Standard = 5 mg/L – –1% of stations had readings < 5 mg/L pH – –Aquatic Life Standard = 6 to 9 – –2 readings < 6 K596-Eagle Creek, Owen Co. K628-West Fork Silver Creek, Madison Co. Temperature – –None greater than Aquatic Life Std. of 31.7C
HERBICIDES Why monitored? – –Potentially harmful to aquatic life and humans through drinking water Where are they coming from? – –Runoff from agricultural and residential application How can we minimize their presence in our waterways? – –Apply only as absolutely necessary, follow application instructions. – –Maintain vegetation around and along waterbodies – –Use recommended agricultural erosion control practices. – –Properly dispose of herbicide containers (collection programs) – –Do not dump leftover herbicide on ground, down sink, or down stormwater drains.
2009 Herbicide Parameters Sampled for 2 Herbicides in Spring 2009 – –most likely time of year for herbicide application Triazines - highly persistent in soil - EPA Drinking Water Standard=3.0 micrograms/L - EPA Acute Aquatic Life = 350 micrograms/L - - EPA Chronic Aquatic Life = 12 micrograms/L 2,4-D - - Common herbicide to control broadleaf weeds - - EPA drinking water standard (MCL) of 70 ppb
Herbicide Results Atrazine 6 detections none exceeded water quality standards 2,4-D No detections
% Atrazine Detections ( ) * Only once water quality standard exceedance at K501 (Eagle Creek in Owen County) in 2006 for Drinking Water Supply criteria.*
E. COLI Why monitored? – –Can indicate presence of other pathogens that may cause illness or infections in people. Where are they coming from? – –Failing septic systems, straightpipes, leaking sewage lines – –Inadequately treated discharge from municipal sewage plants – –Livestock (runoff from pasture or direct access to waterbody) How can we minimize their presence in our waterways? – –Properly maintain septic systems. – –Increase access to sewer systems. – –Install fencing to keep livestock out of waterways. – –Maintain vegetated buffers around waterbodies.
Pathogen Parameters E. Coli – –Swimming Standard of 240 cfu/100 ml (instantaneous) – –Swimming Standard of 130 cfu/100ml (geometric mean of at least 5 samples in 30 days) – –Standards apply during Recreation Season from May 1 to October 31
Synoptic Pathogen Results (E. coli) 59% > Swimming Standard 23 sites exceeded maximum detection limit ( 2,420 cfu/100 ml in central KY, 4,840 in eastern KY) K626 – Potters Fork K50 – Benson Creek K52 – Benson Creek K94 – Lower Red River K95 – Red River K132 – West Hickman K184 – Wolf Run K191 – Otter Creek K305 – Town Branch K309 – McKecknie Creek K316 – North Elkhorn K418 – West Hickman K462 – Cardinal Run K464 – Wolf Run K466 – Wolf Run K467 – Springs Branch K468 – Wolf Run K469 – Beacon Hill Clvt. K471 – Vaughns Branch K508 – Calloway Creek K517 – Springs Branch K595 – West Hickman K627 – Hayes Fork
2006 Synoptic Pathogen Sampling Results > 5,000 cfu/100 ml Synoptic Pathogen Sampling Sites > 5,000 cfu/100 ml
Follow-Up Pathogen Results 84% > Swimming Standard
2007 Follow-Up Pathogen Sampling Sites > 5,000 cfu/100 ml
Pathogen Trends vs Conducted statistical comparison of the two 5- year periods Many sites with inadequate data 3 sites with very significant improvement: – –K174 (South Elkhorn, Woodford Co.) – –K198 (Ky River Pool 6, Woodford Co.) – –K303 (Hickman Creek, Jessamine Co.) 2 sites with very significant worsening: – –K085 (Glenns Creek, Woodford Co.) – –K096 (Greenwood Spring, Woodford Co.)
Pathogen Trends vs Other sites with improvement: K54 (McConnell Springs, Fayette Co.) K105 (Blair Branch, Letcher Co.) K156 (Fourmile Creek, Clark Co.) K157 (Ky. River Boonesboro Beach, Clark Co.) K199 (Ky. River, Mercer Co.) K213 (Quicksand Creek, Breathitt Co.) K245 (Muddy Creek, Madison Co.) K249 (Muddy Creek, Madison Co.) K301 (East Hickman Creek, Jessamine Co.)
Pathogen Trends vs Other sites with worsening conditions: K05 (Cane Run, Scott Co.) K55 (Town Branch, Fayette Co.) K57 (Beals Branch Spring, Woodford Co.) K247 (Viney Creek, Madison Co.)
NUTRIENTS Why monitored? – – Lead to algal blooms, which consume oxygen as they decompose bad for aquatic life – – Cause taste and odor problems in drinking water – –Can cause Blue baby disease (or methemoglobinemia) Where are they coming from? – – agricultural and residential fertilizer application – – sewage and manure runoff How can we minimize their presence in our waterways? – – Only apply fertilizers as necessary – – Properly maintain septic systems – – Use recommended erosion control measures – – Keep livestock out of waterways, properly manage manure – – Maintain vegetated buffers around waterbodies
Nutrient Parameters Nitrate (NO3-N) – – Drinking Water Supply Std. = 10 mg/L – – Aquatic Life Benchmark = 3.9 mg/L Total Phosphorus – – KRWW Aquatic Life Std. = 0.5 mg/L Sulfate – – Drinking Water Supply Std. = 250 mg/L
Nitrate Results > 3.9 mg/L
2006 High Phosphorus Sites 2007 High Phosphate Sites Phosphorus Results > 0.5 mg/L
Sulfate Results > 250 mg/L
2006 High Sulfate Sites 2007 High Sulfate Sites
Chemical Analysis Chlorides Chlorine + Metals = Chloride Salts Drinking Water Supply Std = 250 mg/L Chronic Aquatic Life Std = 600 mg/L Acute Aquatic Life Std = 1,200 mg/L Highest 09 Chloride Reading of 692 mg/L at K640 – Clarks Run, Boyle Co.
Chemical Analysis Conductivity - - Related to level of total dissolved solids - - Affects aquatic habitat and food supplies - - Can serve as indicator of sewage input - - Ohio River Std = 800 micromhos/cm Highest 09 Readings at K098- Millstone Creek, Letcher Co., and K215, K216-Troublesome Creek, Breathitt Co.
2009 Sites of Concern OVERALL WATER QUALITY: K026South Elkhorn Creek, Scott Co. (also listed in 2007 and 2008 for nutrients) Pathogens, phosphorus K085, K531Glenns Creek, Woodford Co. Pathogens, nitrate, phosphorus K463Cardinal Run, Fayette County Pathogens, phosphorus K627Hayes Fork, Madison County Pathogens, dissolved oxygen
2009 Sites of Concern PATHOGENS: K050, K052Benson Creek, Franklin Co. K094, K095Red River, Estill & Powell Co. K132West Hickman Creek, Fayette Co. K191Otter Creek, Madison Co. (also listed in 07 and 08 for pathogens, nitrogen, phosphorus) K316North Elkhorn Creek, Fayette Co. K418Unnamed Trib of West Hickman Cr, Fayette Co. K462Cardinal Run, Fayette Co. K466, K468Wolf Run, Fayette Co. K508Calloway Creek, Madison Co.
SULFATE/CONDUCTIVITY: K098Millstone Creek, Letcher Co. K110, K111, K585, K586 Rockhouse Creek, Letcher Co. (K585 also listed in 2008 for pathogens, sulfate) K141Carr Fork, Perry Co Sites of Concern
Applying Your Data Annual Sampling Report Annual Sampling Report - Provided to KRWW Volunteers, Kentucky River Authority, Kentucky Division of Water Long Term Trend Reports Long Term Trend Reports –5 Year Report –10 Year Report KRWW Web Site KRWW Web Site –www.krww.org
KRWW ONLINE DATABASE Zoom in past 1:500,000 to see site ID labels Zoom in past 1:500,000 to see site ID labels Click on site or sites to see all historical data Click on site or sites to see all historical data Use Area Tool to zoom to single site or group of sites Use Area Tool to zoom to single site or group of sites Use Measure Tool to find distance between 2 points Use Measure Tool to find distance between 2 points Use Zoom to a Location to zoom to a selected location (county, road intersections, stream extents, etc.) Use Zoom to a Location to zoom to a selected location (county, road intersections, stream extents, etc.)
Applying Your Data Citizen Action Plans Citizen Action Plans –Clarks Run –Glenns Creek –Mallard Point Lake –Millers Creek –Muddy Creek –South Elkhorn Creek –West Hickman Creek Presentations to Government Officials Presentations to Government Officials KRA Watershed Grants (Up to $3000) KRA Watershed Grants (Up to $3000)
Kentucky River Authority Watershed Grant Program Grant offerings of up to $3,000 for watershed education, sampling, assessment, restoration projects Applicants must be nonprofit organization, school, or local government Applications will be accepted again in Fall 2010
Applying Your Data Nonpoint Source (319) Projects Nonpoint Source (319) Projects –Eagle Creek Straightpipe Abatement Project (Grant County) –Cane Run Watershed Implementation Project –Dix River Watershed Plan (Clarks Run and Hanging Fork) –Wolf Run Watershed-Based Plan and Partial Implementation –Red River Gorge Restoration and Watershed Plan
Questions & Discussion Anyone present have a 2009 Site of Concern? Is there any local watershed activity addressing the concerns? Anyone present have a 2009 Site of Concern? Is there any local watershed activity addressing the concerns? Other questions about sampling results and their meaning? Other questions about sampling results and their meaning? KDOW progress with updating Watershed Watch volunteer database? KDOW progress with updating Watershed Watch volunteer database?