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Ancient Civilizations: India and China. I. Ancient Indian Civilization.

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Presentation on theme: "Ancient Civilizations: India and China. I. Ancient Indian Civilization."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ancient Civilizations: India and China

2 I. Ancient Indian Civilization

3 India

4 Ancient Indian Civilization begins in the Indus River Valley Saudi Arabia

5 Indian climate Monsoon-seasonal wind that brings large amounts of rain to India

6 Harappa- earliest Indian Valley civilization (Pakistan) 3300 BC

7 Harappan Writing 2500 BC

8 Mohenjo-Daro- largest early Indian valley civilization Near Pakistan Had furnaces, sewers, running water 3-4 story apartment houses

9 The great bath at Mohenjo-Daro 3000 BC

10 Citadel- a fortress placed higher than the surrounding area

11 The Indo-Aryans in North India Came into India from the North Mountain passes and conquered the Original inhabitants

12 Caste System People are divided into different classes Brahmins at top of caste system Untouchables at the bottom of class system

13 Sanskrit- one of the earliest written languages - developed by people in India

14 The Vedas- sacred and holy writings of the ancient Indians

15 Monism –all is God and God is all Reincarnation-rebirth of the soul Karma-what you do affects the next life Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva – 3 main gods Hinduism

16 Buddhism-another Indian religion

17 Buddhas teachings The enlightened One 4 Noble truths The eightfold path Deny self Nirvana is non- existence Did not accept Hindu polytheism

18 The Spread of Buddhism along the Silk Road

19 Mauryan Empire Emperor Asoka - renounced war after almost unifying India because he became a Buddhist

20 Indian culture Suttee and polygamy Lower castes live short, difficult lives Upper classes are well off, well fed, educated, have more rights Valued Education Math – used Phi, number system of 1-9 Medical- used inoculation and antiseptics

21 Suttee- last recorded case in 1987

22 II. Ancient Chinese Civilization

23 Gobi desert

24 The Huang He or Yellow River- powerful, life giving and life taking

25 Chinese ancient civilizations Chinas history is dominated by rivers: Huang He, Wei, Yangtze 1. Started off as Neolithic tribes farming in river valleys 2. Small towns and cities developed 3. Grew into Five Kingdoms ruled by a single family which is called a D ynasty

26 How to Outline Notes on 5 Chinese Dynasties

27 1. Xia Dynasty Until 1959, was considered a myth

28 2. Shang Dynasty Invented silk Learned to use kaolin clay to make ceramics or china Writing based on pictures Calligraphy Spread Chinese culture across China

29 Shang artifacts

30 3. Zhou Dynasty Mandate of Heaven- God gives the Emperor the right to rule Iron plow invented

31 Zhou warrior

32 4. Qin or Chin Dynasty Shi Huangdi, established the first centralized empire by conquering all who objected Code of Qin Built Great Wall of China Brutal and harsh autocracy (dictatorship) China comes from his name

33 Shi Huangdi 210 BC

34 Great Wall of China

35 5. Han Dynasty Emperor Wu Di - expanded Chinese empire into other parts of Asia Established Civil Service system Pax Sinica The Silk Road

36 Han fashion

37 XiaShangZhouQin or Chin Han Was thought to be a myth Silk. china Mandate of Heaven Built great wall Brutal Silk Road calligraphy PlowChina comes from Chin Civil service 5 Chinese Dynasties

38 Chinese Philosophy Yin and Yang Dualism – two sides Strive for Balance and Harmony Three main philosophies to deal with yin and yang have come out of China

39 Confucius Wrote The Analects which was about creating Order And Harmony among people and governments 1.Family relations are number one 2. Respect ones elders 3.Reverence for the past and ones ancestors 4. Government should be virtuous 551 BC

40 Daoism Laozi-the first Hippie Contemplation of nature Cease striving and strife Rejection of politics and materialism Art as a means to harmony and balance

41 Legalism Riches and power matter and should be sought by any means available People are basically wicked and only harshness will be effective when dealing with them Severe laws and punishment are necessary to maintain peace

42 Chinese Science First accurate 365 days per year calendar Discovered sunspots Invented seismograph Invented paper, sundial, water clock, printing, Acupressure and acupuncture Excellent embalmers

43 Seismograph

44 Lady Dai Best preserved mummy in the world Died of heart attack Elixir of immortality 440s BC

45 The End


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