Presentation on theme: "Organelles Parts of a Cell. Plant Cell vs. Animal Cell Plant cells have a cell wall, but animal cells do not. Plant cells have chloroplasts, but animal."— Presentation transcript:
Plant Cell vs. Animal Cell Plant cells have a cell wall, but animal cells do not. Plant cells have chloroplasts, but animal cells do not. Plant cells generally have a more rectangular shape because the cell wall is more rigid. Animal cells have a round or irregular shape because they do not have a cell wall. Plants cells usually have one or more large vacuole(s), while animal cells have smaller vacuoles, if any are present.
Organelles Parts of a cell Enables cells to live
Cell Membrane Thin layer that surrounds the cell. Controls what comes in and what goes out Gateway of the cell
Nucleus Dark center of cell contains DNA Controls the cell's growth and reproduction Brain of the cell.
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Zig- Zag Shape ER is either smooth or rough. The ER carries materials through the cell. Post Office of the cell
Ribosome They are the smallest organelle. Float in cytoplasm or stick to ER Produce protein (food) Kitchen of the cell
Mitochondria Bean-shape Burn sugar for fuel. Powerhouse of the cell.
Golgi Complex Looks like ER. aka Golgi Body/Apparatus Ships protein out of the cell. Fed X of the cell
Lysosomes Destroy damaged organelles. Transport waste to cell membrane for removal. Protects cell from invaders. Trash man
DNA Double Helix (spiral) inside the nucleus Holds genetic material; passed from parent to child Plants and Animal Cells Blueprints for cell
Cytoplasm Clear, thick fluid Like jelly Supports and protects organelles
Vacuole Fluid Filled bags Plant Cells only Stores water, food, and waste
Vesicle Membrane- covered compartments Storage Form from ER and Golgi bodies
Cytoskeleton Hollow tubes and long strings of fibers Inside cytoplasm Helps a cell keep its shape Skeleton of the cell
Chloroplast Green, oval shaped Contains chlorophyll PLANTS ONLY Takes energy from sun and makes food for plants
Cell Wall Outer layer of plant cell only! Strong and stiff Supports and protects Support system
Multicellular Organisms Working Together Cells Tissues Organs Organ System