2Sea breezes blow from the ocean toward the shore because — the Sun heats up the water more quickly than the landB. the Sun heats up the land more quickly than the waterC. ocean currents cause the wind to blow toward shoreD. breezes are created as Earth rotates on its axis
3The diagram best illustrates how — A. weather is a condition of Earth’s lower atmosphereB. water quickly evaporates when air temperatures are warmC. water vapor condenses into water droplets that form cloudsD. winds are produced by the uneven heating of Earth’s surface
4Which of the following provides the energy that causes weather. A Which of the following provides the energy that causes weather? A. Fossil fuels B. Hydroelectric C. Sun D. Water
5Which location is most likely experiencing the greatest wind speeds? A. Location AB. Location BC. Location CD. Location D
6Which of the following best describes the weather conditions at Location B? A. CloudyB. WindyC. Clear skiesD. Clear skies and rain
7Which of the following best describes the conditions found below. A Which of the following best describes the conditions found below? A. Hurricane B. Tornado C. Tsunami D. Water spout
8Which of the following tools would be used to measure wind speed. A Which of the following tools would be used to measure wind speed? A. Thermometer B. Spectroscope C. Anemometer D. Psychrometer
9What type of weather is Dallas, Texas, likely experiencing? A. High winds and thunderstormsB. Clear skies and warm temperaturesC. Cold temperatures with no cloudsD. Light rain and little change in temperature
10What type of front is represented on this map? cadb
11Which of the following is most likely a cause of hurricanes? Cooler ocean temperaturesWarmer ocean temperaturesLarge ocean wavesStrong ocean currents
12What are the ingredients for a hurricane? (must have 3) Warm ocean temperatureLow pressure systemWarm, moist airLittle or no wind shearRotation from wind
13What destroys a hurricane? Cold water LandFrictionLack of moisture
14TEMPERATURE = = VOLUME = DENSITY = PRESSURE FASTER MOVEMENT
16Land has a higher specific heat than water True or FalseLand has a higher specific heat than waterFalse
17What are the main differences between high-pressure fronts and low-pressure fronts?
18Why does Earth experience unequal heating? The atmosphere is not equally distributed around Earth.Earth is tilted on its axis.Oceans do not equally cover Earth.Earth’s revolution is longer than its rotation
19Which of the following occurs as a result of convection within the ocean? WindsWavesGravityOcean currents
204,3,2,5,1 Sequence the following: Cooling air becomes denser and begins to sink.Less dense air rises, forming an area of lower pressure at Earth’s surface.Earth warms the air above it, causing the air to expand and become less dense.Solar energy from the Sun warms Earth’s surface.As rising air reaches a higher altitude, it cools and contracts.
21When air is heated, its —A density increases, forming an area of high pressureB density increases, forming an area of low pressureC density decreases, forming an area of high pressureD density decreases, forming an area of low pressure
22When air moves from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure, it causes — an increase in temperaturerain to fallthe wind to blowa decrease in elevation
23Air masses move across Earth’s surface because of differences in — A air pressureB rainfallC weatherD elevation
24A student heard the weather forecaster on television say that an area of high pressure was located over his region of the state. What type of weather is the area most likely to experience?Cold and wetDry and clearStormyCloudy and wet
25Which of the following wind symbols correctly represents a west wind?
26What equipment is used to measure air pressure? Wind vaneBarometerPsychrometerAnemometer