Presentation on theme: "Recent Shallow Water Blackout Scenario Surveys Given to aquatic facility managers who attended lectures by Tom Griffiths at major water safety conferences."— Presentation transcript:
Recent Shallow Water Blackout Scenario Surveys Given to aquatic facility managers who attended lectures by Tom Griffiths at major water safety conferences in the United States during a sixth month period from October 2006 through March Attendees volunteered to take the survey; not all attendees participated. Confidentiality was ensured. All attendees were asked to report on water rescues requiring resuscitation that were definitely proceeded directly by prolonged and repetitive underwater breath- holding or underwater swimming for distance.
NRPA Congress 96 surveyed, Seattle October, 2006: 79% DID NOT have rules banning prolonged breath-holding activities 90% DID NOT post warnings banning breath-holding activities. 10 breath-holding rescues requiring resuscitation. Nine recovered; one fatality.
Athletic Business Conference 74 surveyed, Las Vegas, November % DID NOT have rules prohibited prolonged breath-holding activities. 82% DID NOT post warnings banning prolonged underwater activities Nine breath-holding rescues requiring resuscitation Four recovered; FIVE FATALITIES!
Michigan Parks and Rec. Society 14 surveyed, Grand Rapids, January, % DID NOT have rules banning breath-holding and underwater swimming. 92% DID NOT post rules prohibiting prolonged breath-holding signs. Two rescues requiring resuscitation; one fatality.
Rutgers University Aquatic Summit 20 Surveyed, New Brunswick, February, 2007) 80% DID NOT have rules prohibiting prolonged breath-holding & U/W swimming 95% DID NOT post warnings against prolonged breath-holding & U/W swimming. Two Rescues: one recovered, one fatality
NRPA Aquatics Conference 70 Surveyed, Atlanta, March, % DID NOT have rules banning breath-holding & U/W swimming. 78% DID NOT post any warnings against breath-holding or underwater swimming. Nine rescues requiring resuscitation after breath-holding 7 recovered; 2 fatalities
J.C.C.s of North America 19 Surveyed, Baltimore, MD, March % DID NOT have rules banning prolonged breath-holding activities. 94% DID NOT post signs prohibiting prolonged breath-holding activities. One rescue requiring resuscitation resulting in death.
Summary of SWB statistics 293 Total Aquatic Professionals Surveyed 73% DID NOT have rules banning prolonged underwater swimming and breath-holding. 86% DID NOT post signs banning prolonged underwater activities. 33 total breath-holding rescues requiring resuscitations representing 11% of the sample. 11 Fatalities representing 1/3 of all underwater accidents in the sample. At least one SWB related fatality in each of six survey samples!