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Synne Movik. Deals with perceptions of justice and sustainability in the water allocation reform Based on 2006 study in the Inkomati (resulted in the.

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Presentation on theme: "Synne Movik. Deals with perceptions of justice and sustainability in the water allocation reform Based on 2006 study in the Inkomati (resulted in the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Synne Movik

2 Deals with perceptions of justice and sustainability in the water allocation reform Based on 2006 study in the Inkomati (resulted in the book Fluid Rights – HSRC Press) Quantitative studies done on indicators Many of the same issues still persist

3 Often conceptualised as consisting of precedural anddistributive justice. Distributive Justice has plural, often incommensurable meanings: Justice as desert Justice as utility Justice as equality

4 Ambiguous term What and who is to be sustained? Different interpretations and understandings depending on objective and scale

5 Shift from riparian rights to licences – allocation decisions vested with State Opened up room for emerging allocation discourses - perspectives on merits of different user groups and sectors

6 Tools for redress included: Curbing illegal use, clearing invasive species, compulsory licensing, trade Main aim to redress legacy of inequality ….but some important caveats: Should respect existing lawful use Too quick reallocations might result in economic & environmental damage Focus on reallocation to demonstrably productive uses of water

7 Existing users: - Made investments, so deserve to retain claim to water (justice as desert) - Cannot take away water from existing productive users (justice as utility) - Trumped justice as equality

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9 ELU protection downplays history of acquisition No mention of environmental impact of existing users (ELUs fortified rights) Narrow focus on efficiency/productivity

10 Womens farmer group near Driekopiies dam, Mpumalanga

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12 Argue for more equal share of water Difficult to access water rights – confusion about roles and responsibilities of different institutions Lack of voice in irrigation board settings

13 2008 Water Allocation Reform – explicitly more egalitarian and sets specific targets But still problems… Discourses of beneficial use V & V process not completed yet Lack of institutional co-ordination (land/water) Water reallocated through land reform, but insfficient post-settlement support

14 Need to change mindset on justice and sustainability on the ground Reduce dependency on overly technical approach Free up water from ELUs through e.g. reducing assurance of supply, proportional reductions Use of General Authorisations to simplify reallocation Map needs of aspiring users, step up support & training to build up the middle segment

15 Studies on highly unequal societies point to lower welfare for whole population (Wilkinson and Pickett) Democratic problem (Stiglitz) Inequality of income but also of resource distribution – structures need to change

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