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Water Rescue Awareness for First Responders Water Rescue Awareness for First Responders.

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Presentation on theme: "Water Rescue Awareness for First Responders Water Rescue Awareness for First Responders."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Water Rescue Awareness for First Responders Water Rescue Awareness for First Responders

3 Water Rescues Emergencies Are governed by Cal OSHA and NFPA 1670 Are governed by Cal OSHA and NFPA 1670 Are High Risk / Low Frequency events Are High Risk / Low Frequency events Continue to Injure and kill firefighters every year Continue to Injure and kill firefighters every year

4 Incidents in San Mateo County Last year 43 water rescue emergencies occurred in San Mateo County Last year 43 water rescue emergencies occurred in San Mateo County These emergencies occurred within the S.F. Bay, Lagoon Systems, Creeks and Swimming Pools These emergencies occurred within the S.F. Bay, Lagoon Systems, Creeks and Swimming Pools This year 19 water rescue emergencies have occurred to date This year 19 water rescue emergencies have occurred to date If you are dispatched to a water rescue emergency today, are you prepared? If you are dispatched to a water rescue emergency today, are you prepared?

5 Training Overview Water Rescue Philosophy Water Rescue Philosophy NFPA and Cal OSHA standards NFPA and Cal OSHA standards Preplanning and Incident Management Preplanning and Incident Management Size-Up, Terminology & Hazard Assessment Size-Up, Terminology & Hazard Assessment PPE and Rescue Equipment PPE and Rescue Equipment First-In Considerations First-In Considerations Water Rescue Skills & Techniques Water Rescue Skills & Techniques Rescuer and Victim Safety Rescuer and Victim Safety

6 Water Rescue Philosophy We need to change our thought process regarding water rescue Water rescues and vehicles trapped in flooded waters are not public assists, they are technical rescues requiring specialized training and equipment Water rescues and vehicles trapped in flooded waters are not public assists, they are technical rescues requiring specialized training and equipment Water rescue is dynamic with no certainties Water rescue is dynamic with no certainties Always consider the seven sequential steps, utilizing the lowest risk methods first Always consider the seven sequential steps, utilizing the lowest risk methods first There is no single way to do any kind of rescue There is no single way to do any kind of rescue

7 We Keep Killing Ourselves Texas Firefighters drown and died trying to rescue a lady who drove into a flooded roadway Texas Firefighters drown and died trying to rescue a lady who drove into a flooded roadway 2 feet of water, 11 mph, No training, 2 feet of water, 11 mph, No training, no equipment, in full structural PPE no equipment, in full structural PPE 1996-Arizona Firefighter drown and died while attempting to rescue a dead body in a vehicle 1996-Arizona Firefighter drown and died while attempting to rescue a dead body in a vehicle No risk assessment, 4 feet of water, 17 mph, No risk assessment, 4 feet of water, 17 mph,

8 Denver Firefighter Swept Away by High Water During Rescue Five-Hour Search Ends Tragically An exhaustive five-hour search ended late Thursday night when the body of a Denver firefighter (Robert Crump, 37) swept away by high water while helping save a stranded motorist was found in a drainage culvert. An exhaustive five-hour search ended late Thursday night when the body of a Denver firefighter (Robert Crump, 37) swept away by high water while helping save a stranded motorist was found in a drainage culvert. August 2000 Crump leaves behind a wife and three children, daughters ages 9, 11 and 13.

9 NFPA 1670 Standard NFPA 1670 Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Rescue Incidents NFPA 1670 Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Rescue Incidents States, The Authority Having Jurisdiction shall establish written operating procedures consistent with one of three operational levels: Awareness, Operations and Technician States, The Authority Having Jurisdiction shall establish written operating procedures consistent with one of three operational levels: Awareness, Operations and Technician

10 Awareness Level Does not include a manipulative skill component, personnel are not intended to perform in the capacity of rescuers Does not include a manipulative skill component, personnel are not intended to perform in the capacity of rescuers The objectives are designed to develop Knowledge competencies within the following areas: The objectives are designed to develop Knowledge competencies within the following areas: Scene Assessment & Size-Up Scene Assessment & Size-Up Site Control and Scene Management Site Control and Scene Management Hazard Recognition and Mitigation Procedures Hazard Recognition and Mitigation Procedures Activation procedures for Water Rescue Response Activation procedures for Water Rescue Response

11 Operations Level Builds on Awareness Level knowledge, with the primary focus centering on the development of the skills required to safely perform as a rescuer. Builds on Awareness Level knowledge, with the primary focus centering on the development of the skills required to safely perform as a rescuer. Operations personnel are limited to lower risk tactics. Operations personnel are limited to lower risk tactics. They operate in the Hazard Zone and are required to wear appropriate PPE and are trained to operate in the IDLH. They operate in the Hazard Zone and are required to wear appropriate PPE and are trained to operate in the IDLH. Training Includes: Training Includes: Shore and Boat Based Rescues Shore and Boat Based Rescues Technical Rigging Technical Rigging Victim Care and Packaging Victim Care and Packaging Transfer of Incident Information Transfer of Incident Information Scene Evaluation Scene Evaluation

12 Technician Level Builds on Awareness Level knowledge and Operations Level skills Builds on Awareness Level knowledge and Operations Level skills The difference is Technician Level rescuers are trained to apply a full range of knowledge and provide the skills necessary to perform High Risk tactics at water rescue incidents. The difference is Technician Level rescuers are trained to apply a full range of knowledge and provide the skills necessary to perform High Risk tactics at water rescue incidents.

13 Cal OSHA Requires all personnel to wear a personal floatation device (PFD) when operating with 10 of the water, or when there is a potential to fall in the water Requires all personnel to wear a personal floatation device (PFD) when operating with 10 of the water, or when there is a potential to fall in the water

14 Basic Water - First Responder Todays training covers basic Awareness Level information, and three Operations Level skills Todays training covers basic Awareness Level information, and three Operations Level skills The intent is to provide and develop basic knowledge and skills to safely conduct shore based tactics. The intent is to provide and develop basic knowledge and skills to safely conduct shore based tactics.

15 Preplanning and Incident Management

16 Preplanning Examine all aspects: Examine all aspects: Potential of Future Problems Potential of Future Problems History of Past Problems History of Past Problems Devise methods of dealing with them safely and effectively Devise methods of dealing with them safely and effectively Information to be gathered may include: Information to be gathered may include: Location Location Access Access Maps Maps Resources (Auto or Mutual Aid) Resources (Auto or Mutual Aid) Communications Communications Equipment and Training Needs Equipment and Training Needs

17 Incident Management Dealing with a water rescue incident is first a management problem Dealing with a water rescue incident is first a management problem Conduct a size-up and hazard assessment Conduct a size-up and hazard assessment Isolate and deny entry to shore line Isolate and deny entry to shore line Assess resource and equipment needs Assess resource and equipment needs Provide safety for rescuers and victim Provide safety for rescuers and victim Utilize the ICS to identify specific roles or positions Utilize the ICS to identify specific roles or positions Incident Commander (IC) Incident Commander (IC) Technical Safety Officer (TSO) Technical Safety Officer (TSO) Rescue Group Supervisor (RGS) Rescue Group Supervisor (RGS) Rescue Group or Rescuer Rescue Group or Rescuer Back-Up Rescue Group or Rescuer Back-Up Rescue Group or Rescuer Spotters Spotters Support Group Support Group Medical Group Medical Group

18 Assignments IC Rescue Group (Supervisor) Rescuer Back-Up Rescuer Safety Spotters Support GroupMedical Group Technical Safety Officer

19 Size-Up, Terminology & Hazard Assessment

20 Size-Up Facts – Includes information from preplanning and on scene observations: Facts – Includes information from preplanning and on scene observations: Time of day, number of victims, victim situation, access and egress, past site history, water flow/stage/temp, rescue or recovery Time of day, number of victims, victim situation, access and egress, past site history, water flow/stage/temp, rescue or recovery Probabilities – Determining the probable course of events allows personnel to make: Probabilities – Determining the probable course of events allows personnel to make: Decisions about rescuer and victim safety, resource needs and rescue methods Own Situation – What options are available with existing resources? Own Situation – What options are available with existing resources? Talk, Reach, Throw, Wade, Row, Go, or specialized resources (Helo, Tech Rescue Team) Talk, Reach, Throw, Wade, Row, Go, or specialized resources (Helo, Tech Rescue Team) Decisions – Choose an option Decisions – Choose an option Compile information from Facts, Probabilities and Own Situation Plan of Operation – Implement the option Plan of Operation – Implement the option Plan ahead and have a contingency plan

21 Still Water Size-Up

22 S.F. Bay Size-Up

23 Swiftwater Size-Up

24 Terminology & Hazard Assessment Terminology & Hazard Assessment

25 Terminology of flow

26 Current Features

27 Low Head Dam-Hydraulic

28 Hazard Assessment Hazard Assessment During your size-up, recognizing hazards is vital During your size-up, recognizing hazards is vital Operate only to your level of training and consider PPE and rescue equipment available Operate only to your level of training and consider PPE and rescue equipment available Some of the hazards that may be encountered are: Some of the hazards that may be encountered are: Utilities Utilities Electrical – Power lines and sheared power poles Electrical – Power lines and sheared power poles Natural Gas – Roadways may be undermined exposing both main and service lines Natural Gas – Roadways may be undermined exposing both main and service lines Haz Mat Haz Mat Flood waters, vessels or vehicles may contain, Fuel, Pesticides and other Chemicals Flood waters, vessels or vehicles may contain, Fuel, Pesticides and other Chemicals IDLH – Potential engulfment hazard IDLH – Potential engulfment hazard Flowing Water Flowing Water The force of Flowing water is deceptive The force of Flowing water is deceptive The wisest action an awareness level responder can make is usually to request specialized resources The wisest action an awareness level responder can make is usually to request specialized resources Numerous would –be rescuers drown every year because they fail to assess the hazards of still and moving water Numerous would –be rescuers drown every year because they fail to assess the hazards of still and moving water

29 Utility and Haz Mat Consideration

30 IDLH & Current Flow

31 Dont drive your Fire Apparatus into the water if… You cant see the road You cant see the road The water is moving The water is moving The water is 6 or deeper The water is 6 or deeper

32 Road Hazards May or may not be visible

33 Would-Be rescuers! Delayed Response

34 FORCE OF WATER 3 mph = 33.6 lbs 3 mph = 33.6 lbs 6 mph = 134 lbs 6 mph = 134 lbs 9 mph = 302 lbs 9 mph = 302 lbs 12 mph = 538 lbs 12 mph = 538 lbs The flow of some rivers and creeks in the summer = 1-2 mph The flow of some rivers and creeks in the summer = 1-2 mph The flow of the same river in the winter = mph The flow of the same river in the winter = mph

35 Personal Protection Equipment and Rescue Equipment

36 Personal Flotation Devices Type I Type I Less than 15 lbs. of buoyancy Less than 15 lbs. of buoyancy Ski belt Ski belt Type II Type II Greater than 15.5 lbs. of buoyancy Greater than 15.5 lbs. of buoyancy Over the head style Over the head style Type III Type III Greater than 34 lbs. of buoyancy, vest style or float coat Greater than 34 lbs. of buoyancy, vest style or float coat Keeps you face up in the water Keeps you face up in the water Type IV Type IV Throwable devices: Rings, cushions, etc. Throwable devices: Rings, cushions, etc. Type V Type V Special use devices, Rescue Special use devices, Rescue lbs. buoyancy lbs. buoyancy

37 Personal Floatation Device PFD

38 Personal Protection Equipment Gloves, Shoes Gloves, Shoes Fins Fins Accessories Accessories

39 Personal Protection Equipment Wet and Dry Suits Helmets

40 Rescue Equipment Rescue Boards Rescue Boards 120 lbs. +/- flotation 120 lbs. +/- flotation River X River X Carlson Carlson

41 Rescue Equipment Throw Bags 75' of 3/8" high quality floating Polypropylene rope 75' of 3/8" high quality floating Polypropylene rope 1,200 lb. tensile strength 1,200 lb. tensile strength

42 First-In Considerations Initial Actions Initial Actions Rescue Plan Rescue Plan Safety! Safety!

43 Initial Actions Establish Incident Command Establish Incident Command Isolate and deny entry, accountability Isolate and deny entry, accountability Proper PPE (No Turnouts) Proper PPE (No Turnouts) Call for back up, Auto/Mutual Aid, Water Rescue Team Call for back up, Auto/Mutual Aid, Water Rescue Team Assign spotters - Still Water 2 (Triangulate), Swiftwater 1 up stream, Assign spotters - Still Water 2 (Triangulate), Swiftwater 1 up stream, Develop a Rescue plan, IAP Develop a Rescue plan, IAP Conduct Rescue Conduct Rescue Evaluate Evaluate

44 Rescue Plans The Seven Sequential rescue methods: TALK TALK REACH REACH THROW THROW WADE WADE ROW ROW GO GO HELO HELO Always use the fastest, lowest risk and least complex methods during water rescue emergencies Always use the fastest, lowest risk and least complex methods during water rescue emergencies

45 Water Rescue Skills & Techniques Talk Talk Reach Reach Throw Throw Wade Wade Row Row Go Go Helo Helo

46 Talk Direct victim to safety Direct victim to safety Victim may be able to walk, float or swim to shore Victim may be able to walk, float or swim to shore Consider utilizing a P.A. or Mega Phone Consider utilizing a P.A. or Mega Phone

47 REACH Safe operations for rescuer and victim

48 Reach How safe is this operation?

49 THROW

50 Throw Utilizing Throw Bags

51 75 Throw Bag

52 Perfect Throw

53 Wade

54 Wade

55 Wading in water Never wade in water unless you have… Never wade in water unless you have… The proper training The proper training The proper PPE The proper PPE Considered Haz Mat Considered Haz Mat Always beware of potential foot entrapments Always beware of potential foot entrapments

56 Foot Entrapment Rescue removal technique

57 Some Row operations are simple evacuations Some Row operations are simple evacuations

58 ROW Some are more complex

59 ROW Utilizing a motorized rescue boat

60 ROW

61 GO In-Water Rescue

62 HELO

63 Rescue gone bad! Las Vegas, NV Engine Company Las Vegas, NV Engine Company 4 F/Fs rescued by helicopter 4 F/Fs rescued by helicopter $100,000 damage $100,000 damage Another reason why we should stop at all red signal lights! Another reason why we should stop at all red signal lights!

64 Some rescues require specialized equipment Some rescues require specialized equipment

65 Rescuer and Victim Safety Develop a policy or SOP/SOG Develop a policy or SOP/SOG Locate trouble spots - Preplan Locate trouble spots - Preplan Obtain the proper equipment Obtain the proper equipment Obtain training Obtain training Maintain skill proficiency Maintain skill proficiency Utilize the Seven Sequential steps Utilize the Seven Sequential steps Remember the 15 Absolutes of water rescue! Remember the 15 Absolutes of water rescue!

66 The 15 Absolutes of Water Rescue Always wear a PFD Always wear a PFD Always deploy spotters Always deploy spotters Priorities are: self-rescue 1 st, crew 2 nd, victim 3rd Priorities are: self-rescue 1 st, crew 2 nd, victim 3rd Have a back up plan Have a back up plan Always have multiple downsteam safeties Always have multiple downsteam safeties Always Keep it simple Always Keep it simple Use the right equipment Use the right equipment Never put your feet down if swept away Never put your feet down if swept away Never count on the victim to assist in the rescue Never count on the victim to assist in the rescue

67 Never tie a rope around a rescuer Never tie a rope around a rescuer Never tie a line across the water at a right angle Never tie a line across the water at a right angle When working from shore, always stand on the upstream side of the rope When working from shore, always stand on the upstream side of the rope Upon contact with the victim, never lose them Upon contact with the victim, never lose them Do not wear turnouts or fire helmets Do not wear turnouts or fire helmets Always be pro-active Always be pro-active

68 Vehicles in the water Over 120 people killed every year in the United States by driving their vehicles into the water Over 120 people killed every year in the United States by driving their vehicles into the water

69 A few examples

70 Successful rescues are based on: Training Practice Experience Judgment Dont count on Luck! Be Safe

71 Submit Your Information Click here when finished viewing the presentation.Click here when finished viewing the presentation. Once you enter the information that is requested, the RSC will receive an indicating your course completion. A member of the RSC will manually update your PDS after that. You will not receive a certificate after you review the presentation. Click here when finished viewing the presentation.


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