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Water Facts: Formula = H 2 O Three phases – Solid, liquid, and gas Freezing point = 0˚C Boiling point = 100˚C Inorganic molecule (aka: non- living, does.

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Presentation on theme: "Water Facts: Formula = H 2 O Three phases – Solid, liquid, and gas Freezing point = 0˚C Boiling point = 100˚C Inorganic molecule (aka: non- living, does."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Water Facts: Formula = H 2 O Three phases – Solid, liquid, and gas Freezing point = 0˚C Boiling point = 100˚C Inorganic molecule (aka: non- living, does not contain Carbon) Polar molecule Universal solvent About 70% of human body is water

3 Polarity Polar molecules: slightly positive at one end and slightly negative on the other end Water is a polar molecule!!!!!! Draw a picture definition of polarity on your note sheet in the empty box.

4 Non-polar molecules: No charge Polar molecules dissolve in water Non-polar molecules do not dissolve in water Like dissolves like

5 Universal Solvent Solvent – substance that does the dissolving Solute – substance dissolved in a solution Solution – mixture of solvent and solute nimations/dissolve.html

6 Magic Sand

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8 Cohesion Attraction between substances of the same kind Ex: Water forming drops/beading Caused by hydrogen bonds between water molecules

9 Surface tension Prevents the surface of water from stretching or breaking easily Molecules at the surface of water are linked by hydrogen bonds Result of cohesion

10 Natures use of Surface Tension

11 Drops on a penny

12 Adhesion Attraction between different polar substances Ex: things getting wet

13 Capillary Action Property in which water can travel up tubes Powered by adhesion Ex: plants, trees Attraction between walls and water is greater than effect of gravity

14 Celery Stalk

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16 Density Ratio of the mass of an object to its volume Density = Mass (g)___ Volume (ml) The density of water = 1.0 Density less than 1.0 = floats Density greater than 1.0 = sinks Ice floats, yet cold water sinks in ice, molecules spread out (ex: soda can in freezer) Cold water moves slower than warm water, causing it to sink

17 Soda Can

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19 What causes water to do the amazing things it does?


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