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Water Pollution Catherine Maccaro. Need Approximately 80 percent of ocean pollution causes are land based, or human induced. Twenty percent of ocean pollution.

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Presentation on theme: "Water Pollution Catherine Maccaro. Need Approximately 80 percent of ocean pollution causes are land based, or human induced. Twenty percent of ocean pollution."— Presentation transcript:

1 Water Pollution Catherine Maccaro

2 Need Approximately 80 percent of ocean pollution causes are land based, or human induced. Twenty percent of ocean pollution is caused by ocean based activities. 40% of America's rivers and lakes are too polluted for fishing, swimming, or aquatic life. Two-thirds of US estuaries and bays are either moderately or severely degraded from eutrophication The US EPA has warned that sewage levels in rivers could be back to the super-polluted levels of the 1970s by the year 2016.

3 Types Of Pollutions Run-Off Ground Water Microbiological Chemical Eurtophication Suspended Solids Solid Waste Thermal Radionuclide Oil Spill

4 Pollutants

5 Major bodies of water with pollution problems

6 Water Pollutions Worldwide

7 Pollution At Local Level

8 Model Organisms Brine Shrimp Planaria Daphnia

9 9 Pollutant: Oil Unable to swim or fly properly, maintain their body temperature, feed or even reproduce. Interrupts food chain Sensitivity of animals increases

10 10

11 11 Pollutant: Detergent Destroy the mucus layers that protect organisms from bacteria and parasites. Severe damage to the gills. All organisms will die when concentrations get near 15 parts per million (ppm). Concentrations as low as 5 ppm will kill eggs. Americans use about 8.3 billion pounds of dry detergent and a billion gallons of liquid detergent each year. Kill life in rivers, streams and oceans by causing Algae Blooms/Red Tides. 11

12 12 Pollutant: Thermal Decrease the level of dissolved oxygen Increase metabolic rate in organisms Increase Plant growth rate-shorter lifespan Algae Blooms AKA Eurtophication. 12

13 Measuring Pollution Ph PaperThermometer

14 Literature Review 1 Brix, Hans, and Hans Schirup. "The Use of Aquatic Macrophytes in Water-Pollution Control." The Use of Aquatic Macrophytes in Water- Pollution Control 18.2 (1989): 100-07. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.. Ecosystems dominated by aquatic macrophytes are among the most productive in the world Aquatic plants possessing an outstanding ability for assimilating nutrients and creating favorable conditions for decomposition. Creates huge success in restoration in streams, lakes, and wetlands.

15 Literature Review 2 MacRae, Thomas H., and Amritanshu S. Pandey. "Effects of Metals on Early Life Stages of the Brine Shrimp,Artemia: A Developmental Toxicity Assay." Effects of Metals on Early Life Stages of the Brine Shrimp,Artemia: A Developmental Toxicity Assay 20.2 (1991): 247-52. Springer Link. Springer New York. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.. Need for simple, fast and inexpensive tests to study metal pollution in the marine environment. Study used four metals: cupric sulfate, lead nitrate, zinc sulfate and nickel sulfate, on emergence and hatching of the brine shrimp (Artemia). Provide a convenient method to assay metal effects on development. Result show its apparent that use of early stages of Artemia is an alternative to the examination of slower growing animals for the study of metal pollution in coastal marine waters.

16 Bibliography Brix, Hans, and Hans Schirup. "The Use of Aquatic Macrophytes in Water-Pollution Control." The Use of Aquatic Macrophytes in Water- Pollution Control 18.2 (1989): 100-07. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.. Daoji, Li, and Dag Daler. "Ocean Pollution from Land-based Sources: East China Sea, China." Ocean Pollution from Land-based Sources: East China Sea, China 33.1 (2004): 107-13. Ambio. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.. "Dust in the Wind Could Be Toxic in the Sea." Dust in the Wind Could Be Toxic in the Sea. Social Issues. NASA, NATO. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.. MacRae, Thomas H., and Amritanshu S. Pandey. "Effects of Metals on Early Life Stages of the Brine Shrimp,Artemia: A Developmental Toxicity Assay." Effects of Metals on Early Life Stages of the Brine Shrimp,Artemia: A Developmental Toxicity Assay 20.2 (1991): 247-52. Springer Link. Springer New York. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.. Naik, Abhijit. "Ocean Pollution Facts." Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.. Water Control Programs." 13-25. State Of New Jersey. Web. 5 May 2010.. "Pollution and The Husdon River." Changing Husdon Project. Cary Institute Of Ecosystem Studies. Web. 5 May 2010.. Hoffman, Denise. "Health Effects Of Sewage Water Pollution." (2007). University Of Kentucky. Web. 7 May 2010... { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/5/1519817/slides/slide_16.jpg", "name": "Bibliography Brix, Hans, and Hans Schirup.", "description": "The Use of Aquatic Macrophytes in Water-Pollution Control. The Use of Aquatic Macrophytes in Water- Pollution Control 18.2 (1989): 100-07. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.. Daoji, Li, and Dag Daler. Ocean Pollution from Land-based Sources: East China Sea, China. Ocean Pollution from Land-based Sources: East China Sea, China 33.1 (2004): 107-13. Ambio. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.. Dust in the Wind Could Be Toxic in the Sea. Dust in the Wind Could Be Toxic in the Sea. Social Issues. NASA, NATO. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.. MacRae, Thomas H., and Amritanshu S. Pandey. Effects of Metals on Early Life Stages of the Brine Shrimp,Artemia: A Developmental Toxicity Assay. Effects of Metals on Early Life Stages of the Brine Shrimp,Artemia: A Developmental Toxicity Assay 20.2 (1991): 247-52. Springer Link. Springer New York. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.. Naik, Abhijit. Ocean Pollution Facts. Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.. Water Control Programs. 13-25. State Of New Jersey. Web. 5 May 2010.. Pollution and The Husdon River. Changing Husdon Project. Cary Institute Of Ecosystem Studies. Web. 5 May 2010.. Hoffman, Denise. Health Effects Of Sewage Water Pollution. (2007). University Of Kentucky. Web. 7 May 2010...


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