OUR SLOGAN FOR 2017 ADDRESS QUALITY ON PRIORITY AND MAKE ODISHA FLUROSIS FREE
To make our State Fluorosis free i.e. to provide Piped Water Supply from a safe source to all Fluoride affected habitations. To provide safe drinking water to all the coastal saline affected habitations. To reduce excess iron affected habitations. To cover more and more nos. of habitations with Piped Water Supply. To make all our Piped Water Supply Systems sustainable. To extend all possible co-operation to Panchayats in attending maintenance of Water Supply Systems.
There are 1,41,928 numbers of habitations in the rural areas of the State. Out of above 78884 numbers of habitations have attended FC status i.e. drinking water is being supplied @ 40 lpcd. As on 01.01.2013 51,284 numbers of PC habitations existing in the State which need proper emphasis for coverage as per the norm of NRDWP Guide line and State norm. Till date 32,200 numbers of habitations have been provided with PWS project (completed & on going) in addition to drinking water supply through spot sources. Balance 1,09,728 numbers of habitations should have PWS projects preferably through mega projects (multi village schemes) in addition to the drinking water supply through tube wells. There are 11,760 numbers of Water Quality affected habitations in the state which need special attention for coverage for drinking water supply programme. As on 1.1.2013, there are 2476 numbers of OHT/ OGR/ UGR existing in the State against 7951 numbers of commissioned PWS schemes. Each PWS schemes should have at east 01 OHR for sustainable water supply during power failure & natural calamity etc.
About 2000 PWS schemes are to be taken up per year so as to cover 8000 numbers of habitations i.e. 40000 habitations in 05 years priority will be given to quality affected habitations so as to cover all left over quality affected habitations within 2 to 3 years. 30000 numbers of spot sources are to be installed per year to cover all the 51284 numbers of PC habitations as FC habitations in 05 years. Balance 5475 (7951–2476 ) numbers of OHT/OHR/UGR are to be constructed against each PWS projects. For recharging the ground water, roof top rain water harvesting structures are to be taken up on each building ( residential/ non- residential) of RWSS Organisation through which rain water is to be recharged through the tube wells. In coming 05 years, about 1.00 lakhs nos. of recharged pits are to be constructed beside 1.00 lakhs nos. of tube wells for facilitating ground water recharge in rural areas. The water supply assets (both Spot Sources & PWS) will be completely transferred to the P.R.Department for operation & maintenance. Cont.
To make the systems sustainable in the long run the revenue will be gradually collected from the beneficiaries to support the Operation & Maintenance of the system in addition to GoI provision under O & M and Finance Commission Grant. One Junior Engineer-II has been posted in each Block exclusively for the maintenance works of PWS & Spot Sources. 2000 PWS Projects are to be taken up per year and as such in 5 years 5X2000=10,000 PWS Projects are to be taken up. At least 18000 Pump Drivers (1 Pump Driver per 1 PWS Projects) are to be engaged to run the existing 8000 commissioned PWS Projects and 10000 PWS Projects to be taken up. Around 30,000 nos. of Spot Sources are to be installed per year and as such 30,000x5=1,50,000 Spot Sources are to be installed in 5 years. So 7500 SEMs are to be engaged (1 SEM for repair of 20 Tube wells) for repair works of 1,50,000 Spot Sources.
Due to presence of mineral deposits and long coast line the following major water quality problems are encountered in ground water sources. Iron – Found in all districts in different degree. Chloride (Salinity) – Found in the coastal districts of Balasore, Bhadrak, Cuttack, Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapara, Khurda, Puri and Ganjam. Fluoride – Found in many sources of Nuapada, Nayagarh, Bolangir, Angul, Boudh, Kalhandi, Khurda, Koraput, Mayurbhanj districts and in some scattered sources of Balasore, Bargarh, Cuttack, Dhenkanal, Ganjam and Kandhamal district.
Iron: A large number of hand pump tube well water contains iron beyond permissible limit. The following approaches has been made to tackle the problem depending upon the severity. Through alternate safe sources (surface/sub-surface sources) Piped Water Supply Projects (from distant safe sources) Iron Removal Plant Chloride (Salinity): Coastal salinity problem are being addressed by scientific well design techniques. Saline and fresh water bearing layers are identified by utilizing scientific geo-physical logging and only the fresh water zone is tapped to provide drinking water. The methodology of saline sealing at the fresh water-saline water interface invariably to prevent saline ingression. Cont.
The following approaches have been taken up to mitigate the saline problem. Through extra-deep tube wells (taping the fresh aquifer) Piped Water Supply Schemes (from distant safe sources) Fluoride: Presence of excess fluoride content in drinking water sources has been noticed in 16 district of the state. Excess fluoride content is mostly found in ground water sources, which is derived from fluoride rich rocks and mineral. This has necessitated to provide alternative safe drinking water supply from surface and rain water based sources. The following strategies have been taken up for mitigation of fluoride. Alternate safe source Revival of traditional source Dilution of high and low fluoride water Long term measure Mega Piped Water Supply Project taking surface water bodies (river, dam projects) as source.
Sufficient nos. of SEMs (1 SEM for 20 Tube wells) shall be engaged in each G.Ps for smooth maintenance of Tube wells. Repair & maintenance of tube well included in the Right to Public Service Delivery Act-2012. The service has to be provided in time bound manner. Extra SEMs are to be engaged to work all over the state to repair the tube wells within the stipulated time as per this Act. Financial implication towards salary, training and purchase of Tool Kits are to be made for all these SEMs.
To separate water supply and sanitation i.e. separate Division for each purpose under different Chief Engineer. For taking up the above works, the existing man power with the RWSS organization is insufficient. Hence, consisting at about 7,00,000 to 10,00,000 population another 09 nos. of RWSS Divisions are to be created in some of the districts as per the followings. Sl No Name of Dist, Population as per IMIS ( in Lakhs) No. of Existing RWSS Divn No. of RWSS Divn to be created 1Balasore20.0001 2Bolangir14.0001 3Bargarh14.0001 4Bhadrak14.0001 5Ganjam29.000201 6Jajpur17.0001 7Kalahandi13.0001 8Kendrapara13.0001 9Puri14.0001
B.Creation of RWSS Project Divisions to look after the execution of Mega Piped Water Supply Projects exclusively in water quality affected habitations and water scarcity habitations.6 Project RWSS Divisions and 12 RWSS Project Sub-Divisions (2 Sub-Divisions under each RWSS Project Divisions) are proposed for creation. Name of the Districts in which the Project RWSS Divisions are to be created.(a) Balasore, (b) Puri, (c) Khurda, (d) Bolangir, (e) Keonjhar and (f) Koraput. C.Till date there are 3,30,000 tube wells in all the 314 blocks in the State. During coming 05 years it is proposed to install another 1,50,000 nos. of tube wells. Besides this, tube wells shall be installed under deposit programme like IAP, BRGF, WODC, Periphery Development Grant etc. Thus, by end of 2017 every block shall have about 1600 tube wells as well as about 58 nos. of PWS. All these rural water supply systems comes under repair maintenance by Panchayatiraj Deptt as per the Guide lines of Govt. of India. But in case of emergencies like Flood, Drought, Cyclone and Heat Wave situations repair & maintenance works shall be taken up jointly by RWSS field functionaries and Pachayatiraj Deptt. More over keeping in view the rules of Odisha Public Services Delivery Act-2012, tube well maintenance is the Cont.
prime responsibility of Junior Engineer RWSS-II/Junior Engineer RWSS-I at Block Level who are Designated Officers. Since Assistant Engineer, RWSS is the Appellate Authority for Repair Maintenance and restoration of tube wells, it is proposed to have 01 RWS&S Sub-Division for 02 Block ( 02 RWSS Sections comprising of 02 Junior Engineer, RWSS-I and 02 Junior Engineer, RWSS-II ) for smooth operation & maintenance of 1600 tube wells as well as about 58 PWS projects during coming 05 years. Thus another 64 nos. of RWSS Sub-Divisions are to be created. D.All the present technical officers such as Executive Engineers/ Assistant Engineers/ Junior Engineers are over busy with water supply and sanitation activities. Since both the works are looked separately by 02 nos. of Chief Engineers, there should be Separate Executive Engineers/ Assistant Engineers/ Junior Engineers for looking after the Sanitation works only. E.The newly created Divisions/Sub-Divisions should have Divn. Level and Sub-Divn. Level laboratories for testing the water samples.
For creation of 9 RWSS Divisions & 64 RWSS Sub-Divisions and 06 RWS&S project Divisions & 12 RWS&S Project Sub-Divisions the financial implication is as follows: a.Recurring expenditure:- The Salary components of 9 RWSS Divisions,06 nos of RWS&S project Divisions,12 RWS&S Project Sub-Divisions & 64 Sub-Divisions are as follows: b.(i)Divisions – Rs.8594052X15 = Rs.128910780 lakhs say Rs.1289.11 lakhs per annum (ii)Sub-Divisions – Rs.2206500X76= Rs.167694000 lakhs say Rs.1676.94 lakhs per annum Total: Rs.2966.05 lakhs per annum Funds required for 5 years Rs.14830.25 lakh The Post wise calculation for Division/Sub-Division is annexed. Cont.
(C)Non recurring expenditure I.For establishment of 15 Divisions & 76 Sub-Divisions Rs.530.00 lakhs is needed (@Rs.10.00 lakhs for each Division & Rs.5.00 lakhs for each Sub-Division). The said amount is required for procurement of Office furniture & accessories. II.In addition to the above, 15 for Divisions +76 for Sub-Divisions, i.e. total 91 Inspection Vehicles are required for supervision of field work. Assuming the cost of vehicle Rs.8.00 lakhs each, total of Rs.728.00 lakhs is required for procurement of new vehicles. III.For construction of 9 nos. of RWSS Division (except RWSS Project Divns.)Office building @ Rs.30.00 lakhs each – 9 x 30.00 = Rs.270.00 lakhs. For construction of 64 nos. of RWSS Sub-Division (except RWSS Project Sub-Divns.)Office building @Rs.20.00 lakhs each – 64 x 20.00 = Rs.1280.00 lakh. IV.For construction of 7 nos. of Staff Quarters for each Division - @Rs.10.00 lakhs each – 9 x7 x10 = Rs.630.00 lakhs V.For construction of 3 nos. of Staff Quarters for each Sub-Division @Rs.9.00 lakhs each – 64 x3 x9 = Rs.1536.00 lakhs Cont.
VI.For construction of 9 nos. of RWSS Division Level Laboratory building @ Rs.20.00 lakhs each – 9 x 20.00 = Rs.180.00 lakhs. VII. For construction of 64 nos. of RWSS Sub-Division Level Laboratory building @Rs.15.00 lakhs each – 64 x 15.00 = Rs.960.00 lakhs. VIII.For procurement of Glassware, Laboratory equipment/instruments for 9 nos. of Divisional Laboratories @Rs.15.00 lakhs each – 9 x 15= Rs.135.00 lakhs. IX.For procurement of Glassware, Laboratory equipment/instruments for 64 nos. of Sub-Divisional Laboratories @Rs.12.00 lakhs each – 64 x 12= Rs.768.00 lakhs. X.Funds required towards house rent of 6 RWSS Project Divisions and 12 RWSS Project Sub-Divisions 6xRs.10,000 per month = Rs.60,000/- 12xRs.6,000 per month = Rs.72,000/- i.e. total Rs.1,32,000/- per month House rent for five years = Rs.1,32,000x60 = Rs.79,20,000/- say Rs.79.20 lakhs Thus total fund of Rs.21926.45 lakhs say Rs.220.00 crore is needed for coming 5 years.
There are 11294 water quality affected habitations in the state having population around 27,67,030. These water quality affected habitations are proposed to be addressed within coming 5 years. The cost of PWS Projects comes approximately Rs.2213.00 crore (taking per capita cost Rs.8000/-). It is also proposed to implement Mega Water Supply Projects to cover 45,00,000 lakhs population in the coming 5 years. The cost of PWS Projects comes approximately Rs.2700.00 crore (taking per capita cost Rs.6000/-). To address compensate the slipped back FC habitation due to defunct Tube wells another 1,50,000 new Tube wells are to be installed during coming 5 years (i.e. 30,000 tube wells per year). The cost of installation of tube wells comes around Rs.1200.00 crore. The total cost of the work comes to Rs.6113.00 crore. Thus the total cost involvement including development of infrastructure and execution of work is Rs.220.00 crore + Rs.6113.00 crore = Rs.6333.00 crore.