2The Water Cycle Objectives and Indicators (Std. 1, Obj 1 & 2) ILOs Describe the relationship between heat energy, evaporation, and condensation of water on Earth.Describe the processes of evaporation, condensation, and precipitation as they relate to the water cycle.Construct a model or a diagram to show how water continually moves through the water cycle over time.ILOsUse instruments to measure length, temperature, volume, and weight using appropriate units.Conduct a simple investigation when given directions.Use science language appropriate to grade level in oral and written communication.
3The Water CycleENGAGE - Show the YouTube video to demo time lapse of iceEXPLORE - Condensation, Precipitation, and Evaporation StationsEXPLAIN - Play the Water Cycle Boogie,Explain the Water Cycle, and Integrate The Snowflake by Neil Waldman in Imagine It.ELABORATE - Water Cycle in a Baggie - PinterestEVALUATE - The Water Cycle Project
5Explore Evaporation Station Question: “How does water get into the air?”Materials:Three small plastic platesThree different colored markersWaterDirections:Make a shallow puddle of water on each plate. Trace each puddle with the same color marker to indicate the size of the puddles.Number the plates and place them in three different areas: direct sun, complete dark, and in the middle of the classroom.Write a prediction in your journal about what will happen on each plate.Check the puddles after one hour and trace each puddle with the second color marker.Check the puddles the next day. Trace each puddle the third color marker.Draw pictures of the plates in your journal using the 3 different colors to show what happened.ResultsWhich puddles shrank?Why do you think the puddles shrank at different rates?What do you think happened to the water?What other questions do you think are important to ask about evaporation?
6Explore Condensation Station Question: How does condensation form? Materials:Pint glass jarWaterIce cubesDirections:1. Observe the jar as it rests at room temperature, without any water. Write your observations in your journal. How does the jar feel? What does it look like?2. Fill the jar with ice and water. How does the jar feel on the outside? After a few minutes what does the jar look like?3. Leave the jar full of ice water for about a half hour. Write your observations about what the jar looks like and feels like.4. Explain how you think water appeared on the outside of the jar.
7Explore Precipitation Station 2. The teacher will add about one inch of boiling water to the jar. Place the lid upside down on the mouth of the jar to create a lip. Place three to four ice cubes in the lid.3. Draw two pictures in your journal – One picture of the jar of hot water as soon as the ice is placed on the lid. And the other picture after 5 minutes have passed.4. Write your observations at:1 minute2 minutes3 minutes4 minutes5 minutes5. Explain why water formed at the top of the lid? How do your observations compare with your prediction?Precipitation StationQuestion: How is rain made? (teacher directed)Materials:Quart glass jar with a lidIce cubesBoiling waterDirections:1. Predict: What do you think will happen when ice cubes are put on top of the jar of hot water?
8ExplainPlay Water Cycle Boogie - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nWgpwldu8QUDiscuss the water cycle and teach vocabulary using the Water Cycle Diagram:or the Water Cycle Interactive: kids-adv.htmlIntegrate The Snowflake by Neil Waldman from Imagine It, Lesson 2.1
10Explain - Water Cycle Vocabulary evaporation - When the small parts of water are heated enough to change from the liquid state to the gas state.vapor - The state of water where it is a gas and cannot be seen.condensation - when the small parts of water vapor collect together and become a liquid. This process is caused by water vapor losing heat energy.clouds - When water condenses in the sky we see it in the form of clouds.dew - When water condenses on the ground and becomes a liquid.precipitation - When water falls to the Earth in the form of rain, snow, sleet, or hail.temperature - Measurement of the amount of heat energy. A thermometer is used to measure it.water cycle - The way water moves from the surface of the earth, through the air, and returns again through different processes. The sun causes this to happen.Link to Sciber Text - 4th Grade Science Vocabulary Definitions:
11Elaborate Water Cycle in a Bag The students will draw the water cycle with a permanent marker on a sandwich sized zippered bag. Put water in the bottom of the bags. Hang the bags in a sunny window or a not so sunny window to see how the water cycle needs energy to work. Also, once condensation occurs, just tapping on the bag will result in precipitation.