Presentation on theme: "Presented by Paul J. Granger, P.E. NYSAWWA HVHF Ad-hoc Committee Chair"— Presentation transcript:
1Navigating Hydraulic Fracturing in New York State–Review of Local Impacts and Concerns Presented by Paul J. Granger, P.E.NYSAWWA HVHF Ad-hoc Committee ChairVice President , H2M – WaterSeptember 18, 2013
2High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing Major Construction & Industrial Activity
3Hydraulic Fracturing or Fracking High-volume hydraulic fracturing (HVHF) is a means of tapping shale deposits containing natural gas that were previously inaccessible by conventional drillingHVHF or slickwater fracking is a technique in which large amounts of water, combined with smaller amounts of chemicals and sand, are pumped under high pressure into a drilled gas well
6Fracking is major controversy…. Officials urge NY Gov. Cuomo to OK gas drillingBy Mary Esch on September 06, 2012
7Hot Button Issue for NYSAWWA and NYWEA Membership! Those For – Economic BenefitThose Against –Environmental HarmOur members are on both sides of the issue!Goal – Strike the balance between energy development and the environment
8Impacts all Water Suppliers! All Water Suppliers have a stake in this issue……in and out of the “fracking” Marcellus shale area.Future Utica shale.Sets the stage for future water resource protection policies and regulations.
9Source Water Protection is Vital Local water utilities need to be actively involved in the regulatory process and be aware of potential impacts related to water supply.Water systems located outside of the Marcellus shale area must also be vigilant since drilling operations can have indirect impacts to water resources and infrastructure
10Water Supply Protection Concerns Nine areas of concerns identified by NYAWWA based on past review of the HVHF DsGEIS (issued in 2011).Can be mitigated if properly addressed.
11Regulatory oversightHaving adequate regulatory oversight is essential for water resource protection.At present the NYSDEC does not have the regulatory staff to address HVHFWe have recommend that fees / impact charges be developed to support NYSDEC regulatory efforts
12Set-back distancesSet-back distances must have a scientific basis – Fracking industry agrees*Must consider local hydrogeologic variations from site to site.*2012 Marcellus Shale Conference - PSU
13Subsurface geology and aquifer hydrogeology – Cannot be one size fits all A “one size fits all” approach for evaluating and protecting subsurface geology and aquifer hydrogeology is inadequate and must be predicated on actual local conditions - Fracking industry agrees**2012 Marcellus Shale Conference - PSU
14Seismicity ConcernsSeismic impact observations must be studied further.Recent seismic concerns documented in Ohio, Arkansas, other States, and in Europe
15Competent analytical laboratory capabilities Extensive list of potential contaminants of concern, in flowback water.Lab data is needed to evaluate waste storage, and transport and disposal of hydrofracking flowback.Timely submission of this data is critical in assuring compliance with flowback water and production brine wastewater treatment plant disposal standards prior to permit issuance.
16Waste disposalCredible data is vital regarding the availability of appropriate waste disposal options consistent with stated goals of meeting federal discharge standards at the ultimate disposal points
17RadioactivityRadioactivity contaminants in the wastewater and drill cuttings are a potential significant issue that must be addressed – more research is needed according to PSU*.*2012 Marcellus Shale Conference - PSU
18Full disclosure of all HVHF chemicals Imperative to determining proper wastewater treatment methods and emergency response measures when addressing spills.This is crucial in avoiding avoid unintended consequences to drinking water purveyors.
19Production brines Possibility of using production brines. The use of production brines on roads cannot be allowed.
20The Big Picture ….integrated approach to protect source water Water resourcesWastewater treatment and waste disposalStormwater ManagementStorage of hazardous materialsCompliance oversightEmergency Services / Public Safety (spill response)Well Close-out and Site LegacyLand Use /ZoningTransportationMany moving parts!
21Other Assessment Considerations Terrestrial and Aquatic EcosystemsNew Gas Pipeline InfrastructureSeismic RisksLocal EconomyAir Quality
22Water Resource Protection Details Drilling down into the details:QuantityWatershed surveyData collectionWater quality assessmentsPlanningPlan developmentPlan implementation
23Water QuantityAvailability of water supply to support HVHF operations.The drilling and fracking process can consume 3 to 4 million gallons of water per well.The review of short and longer term quantity and quality impacts related to water withdrawal and usage is recommended.
24Source Water DataIdentify and survey geographically primary surface water bodies, watershed areas, aquifer boundaries and Principal AquifersUse your SWAP data …..update as required!
25Source Water DataSite specific information is essential for proper well design based on local aquifer properties.Must evaluate the characteristics and extent of subsurface geology and aquifer hydrogeology on a local basis
26Source Water Data (cont.) Determine the proximity of the target fracture zone to the base of a known fresh water supply; and well pad proximity to the boundary of a Principal Aquifer (s) / primary surface water bodies.Important for determining setbacks
27Source Water Data (cont.) Identify the depth of the deepest fresh water aquifer to determine if it is reflected in the required construction depth of the HVHF well production casing.Critical area for groundwater source protection ….well casing construction.
28Water QualityObtain and evaluate baseline water quality data for public and private water sources.Create Pre-HVHF assessments.
29Water Quality (cont.)Obtain and review continuous water quality monitoring data for public and private water sources and compare data to pre-HVHF assessments.Perform surface water monitoring both upstream and downstream of proposed HVHF sites (before and during HVHF activities).Develop a monitoring schedule and plan.
30Water Quality (cont.)Develop procedures to respond to water quality issues / detected contamination.
31Water Protection Planning Require the development of a plan for local government review for determining water availability and to protect water resources
32Site Management Planning Protection of surface water bodies and groundwater sources.Improper well construction, poor storage / handling practices and spills associated with the HVHF process could adversely impact local drinking water sources.
33Water resource protection Develop a communication and outreach plan with private well owners and public water suppliers.
34Keys for implementing protective measures Funding for effective regulatory oversightIntegrated assessment of HVHF impactsLocal control / inputOngoing Water system participation / input
35HFHV in New York Remains on HOLD Proposed regulations for HVHF officially expired on February 27, 2013The DEC—if it decides to implement formal regulations—would have to re-propose them in the register, and open them to a 45-day public comment period and at least one hearing.
36Delay From a water perspective ….. Allows for more time to:Collect dataStudy / EvaluateGain more experienceBenchmark
37What does the future hold?.... Limited HVHF in 2013??? 2014?? …..….2016 ??
38Next Steps and Moving Forward Make sure the FSGEIS and Regulations (if and when issued) addresses water supplier concernsReview and communicate issues and concerns on an on-going basisWork with other organizations…. NYWEA, NYRWALet science and facts dictate …..provide fair and balanced argumentsStay engaged with state legislators and regulatorsBe proactive ….if need be …..be loud.