Presentation on theme: "Unconventional Water Resources in Egypt"— Presentation transcript:
1Unconventional Water Resources in Egypt Dr. Ahmed MoawadHead of technical support and planning sectorHCWW
2Presentation Outline Challenges Facing the Water Sector In Egypt. General Information About HCWWWater Production from different water sources in EgyptUncoventional Water supply (related to drinking water|)Overview on water supply for Northern CoastDesalination projects planned till 2037 in EgyptWater desalination Roadmap2
3Challenges facing Water & Sanitation sector Financial & Institutional ProblemsLow Tariff.Lack of Public Awareness.Lack of Coordination between different Authorities.Technical ProblemsThe Inefficient Water & Wastewater Networks.Small Capacities of the WWTP.Over Staffed Unskilled Labors.Lack of New Technologies.Inadequate Operation & Maintenance Plans.Lack of Master Plan in Governorates.Absence in Plans to Preserve Sector Investments.
4Execution of W&WW projects StakeholdersHCWWCAPWOExecution of W&WWprojectsin Cairo & AlexandriaEWRARegulatory AgencyOwn, manageand operatethrough existing24 companies+future companiesNOPWASDExecution of W&WW projectsIn other 26Governorates
5General Information About HCWW No. of Affiliated Companies Existing situationItem24 GovernoratesHCWW Service Scope24 companiesNo. of Affiliated Companies11 millionNo. of connectionsMillion Capita 83Served Population No.EmployeesNo. of HCWW Employers
6General Information About HCWW Existing situationItem25 million m3/dayWater Productionm3/day million 9.6Treated Sewage200 WTP Above 17000m3/d,801 WTP Under 17000,1580 Artesian, 31 Desalination PlantNo. Of WTPs357 WWTPsNo. Of WWTPsKmTotal Length Of Water Networks39000 KmTotal Length Of Waste Water Networks
7Strategic Goals Provide excellent service for customers Safeguard and develop infrastructureUpgrade company performance standardsUpgrade citizen awareness of water issues.Develop leaders and staffAchieve financial autonomy
8Water Coverage Percentage All Over Egypt Cities(217)Villages(4617)100%97%100%100%98%95%July 20082004July 2008201220042012No. of served Pop.25 Million Capita2 unserved Complexes7.5 served complexes (shifts)15.5 complexes need service improvement
9Wastewater Coverage Percentage All Over Egypt According to MPCities(217)Villages(4617)After Finishing the proposed projects100%100%86%56%14%4%200420112012200420112022No. of Non-Served Cities = 47 Cities
10Decentralization of the decision making Results of the ReformDecentralization of the decision makingSetting Master plan to get a clear vision for futureInvestment & rehabilitation plansImprovements in O&MNational Wastewater StrategyUtilizing un-conventional water resourcesImproving the produced water qualityBuilding the capacity of the stuffTechnical Secondary Schools for Water and WastewaterBetter Governance….!10
11Challenges Facing the Water Sector Challenges facing water resources development in Egypt:Rapid growth and unbalanced distribution of thepopulationRapid urbanizationWater quality deteriorationGovernment’s policy to reclaim new landUnsustainable water use practicesThese constraints developed a situation which places higher demand on water resources far exceeding the available supply and are imposing limits on the economic development of the country
12The expected water share per Capita Till 2050 ( in case of constant resources) Water abundanceWater stresswater poverty1600 m3/capita1000m3 / capita
13Amount of Water Produced By different sources in Egypt River NileArtesian PlantsSea WaterWTPsDesalinationTotal amount million m3/dayTotal amount million m3/dayTotal amount million m3/day17.14 % from total amount82.1 % from total amount0.76 % from total amount
14Optimize the use of unconventional sources of water: In order to face these challenges the following must be considered:Optimize the use of unconventional sources of water:DesalinationWastewater ReuseRain harvestingGround water
16Existing Situation For Water Reuse In Egypt Shortage In Water DemandWater Reuse For Substituting Water Demand ShortageSewage Water.Agricultural drainage water.Industrial Wastewater.Egypt Water Requirements Egypt 2017Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation 2005, National Water Resources Plan for Egypt – 2017,
17Water Reuse Roadmap Contents Existing situation of the water reuse in Egypt.Water balance (Water Reuse For Substituting Water Demand Shortage)Laws & Legislations that regulates water reuse in EgyptChallenges that faces water reuse in EgyptWater reuse on the international levelFuture vision for water reuse in EgyptRecommendations
22Expected growth of desalination capacities around the world 22
23Desalination in EgyptMost of desalinated water produced nowadays is used in tourism sector while industry and electricity generation uses 20 % of the total produced capacity.
24Desalination technologies share across the world IDA desalination yearbook 2010
25Distribution of total capacity of desalination plants according to technologies in Egypt
26Existing Sea water Desal. plants Existing brackish water desal. plants
27Water supply in Red sea Governorate, (existing plants, planned projects).
28Amount of Water Produced By different sources in Red Sea Governorate River NileSea WaterDesalinationWTPs16 unitsKorimat WTP Beni SueifQena WTPTotal amount for produced80000 m3/dayTotal amount produced17000 m3/dayTotal amount produced12100m3/day
29Desalination unit under construction Desalination unit 100m3/dDesalination unit 500m3/dDesalination unit under constructionDesalination unit 4000m3/dExisting Desalination Plants inRed sea Governorate8 Desalination plantsTotal amount produced 12100m3/day
30Total Capacity for desalination plants in Red-sea till 2037
31Existing Desalination Plants in Red sea Governorate Qusair desalination plant ( 4500 m3/day )
32Existing Desalination Plants in Red sea Governorate Qusair desalination plant (3000 m3/day )
33Water supply in North and South Sinai (existing plants, planned projects).
34Amount of Water Produced By different sources in Sinai (North & South) River NileSea WaterArtesian PlantsDesalinationWTPsTotal amount produced m3/dayTotal amount for producedm3/dayTotal amount produced41000m3/day
40Existing Desalination Plants in Sinai Peninsula Sharm el shiek Desalination plant ( m3/day )
41Water supply in Matrooh Governorate (existing plants, planned projects).
42Amount of Water Produced By different sources in Matrooh Governorate River NileSea WaterWTPsDesalinationAlamin south WTPBourg Al-Arab booster, Alex.Total amount produced5000 m3/dayTotal amount produced m3/day- Under construction second phase m3/dayTotal amount produced m3/day
44Desalination plants ongoing process Ras elhkma6000 m3/dMinea hashesh5000m3/dSede abd rahman12000 m3/dRemela 10000m3/dThe first desalination plant, solar-powered - under studyDes. plant at industrial area 50000m3/dMinea hasheshRas elhkmaRemelaDes. plant at industrial area
48Total Investments required desalination plants till 2037
49Water Desalination Roadmap The Goals of water desalination Roadmap:Evaluation of the current situation of water desalination in Egypt .Identifying the of challenges facing Water Desalination.Suggestions of the areas of research and development thatmay lead to technological solutions to these challenges.Recommendations to spread utilizing the Desalination.It is a dynamic document that allows to accommodate the changes that result from the technological advances49
50Water Desalination Roadmap ContentsExisting water resources situations.Water Desalination in EgyptDesalination technologiesIntakes and outfallsEnvironmental effect of desalination plants (brine-chemicals-high pressure pumps)O&M cost and construction costRenewable energiesIdentifications of possibly locally manufactured components.Recommendations
51Radial shore intakes Multi port diffuser Submerged intakesMulti port diffuser
52Capex and Opex for desalination plants (RO)Capital cost$1200 per m3/dayEnergy consumption3.5 KWH / m3Membranes20 % per yearChemicals$ / m3Maintenance2% of the capital cost / yearLabour
53Energy in desalination Energy recovery devices used in our plants :-Turbo charger (5.6 Kwh/m3 )Pelton Wheel (8.5 Kwh/m3)_ Pressure exchanger(4 Kwh/m3)53
55Total Electric Energy Consumption for Desalination Plants which will be Constructed till 2037 Mega Watt/H
56Using solar Energy in Desalination Tower / HeliostatsFresnelMedium SteamMedium Air°C°CParabol TroughsMedium Oil/Steam°CParaboloid/Dishsmall units < 50 kW remote56Helium/Hydrogen
57Water Desalination Roadmap Requirements for water desalination utilization:Institutional requirements (policies- strategies-codes)Technological requirements (researches –applications- industry- local manufacturing of the plants’ components )Economical requirementsMonitoring and risk assessment57
58Water Desalination Roadmap The factors affecting water desalination development :-Energy source:- kind of energy used in desalination can be thermal or electric , renewable or nonrenewable . Generally the energy source depends mainly on the used technology.Raw water source: - raw water can be drawn from beach wells, open intake & deep wells.Location of the plant.Type of technology and its suitability to the Egyptian environment
59Recommendations for desalination development Water Desalination Roadmap
60Legislative recommendations The establishment of a national entity for the desalination reporting to the Prime minister emerging from it specialized sub-committeesPreparing a proposal of legislation to regulate the relationship between parties responsible for the construction and operation of the plants and those responsible for the coastal regions and shores of the nation .Regulate the role of the supervisory parties responsible for observation and following up the plants
61Legislative recommendations Activation of the laws that permit the involvement of the private sector ( PPP) in producing desalinated waterIdentifying the mechanisms to issue permissions for erecting desalination plants and identifying the parties concerning with the issuingForming legislations to estimate cost of production and operation and regulate the future rise in pricesRevising the environmental requirements for the desalination plants
62Technical recommendations Update and revise the Master plan of the Ministry of Housing according to the variables, and industrial needs.Coordination to include the land area required for the erection of plants in the master plan of each governorateCoordination to set the demands of the electric power required to run desalination plants within master plan projects of the Ministry of ElectricityThe establishment of hybrid projects to generate electricity and desalinate water(Zero-liquid discharge projects)
63Technical recommendations The preparation of a code for the erection of desalination plants and a code for operation and maintenance of desalination plants.Develop a national program to increase the local product share in the components of the desalination plant.Develop a national program to prepare qualified staff in the field of desalination (labor - engineers - consultants) the program shall include :design, construction, operation and maintenance of desalination plants
64Water Desalination Roadmap Financing the desalination projects :-To secure water sources for the long run , financing sources must be secured as well … the following methods can be used :-EPC contractsBOT, BOO or PPPSo clear and proper contracting system must be established to handle and legalize this financing systems as well as encouraging such projects.
65Water Desalination Roadmap Prequalification :-A call of tender was published by the holding company for water and waste water in which contractors shall be qualified technically to participate in the execution , operation and maintenance of the desalination plants by BOO and BOT systems and 36 company participated in that tender .